Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Abstract

The present disclosure provides compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof that are tyrosine kinase inhibitors, in particular BLK, BMX, EGFR, HER2, HER4, ITK, TEC, BTK, and TXK and are therefore useful for the treatment of diseases treatable by inhibition of tyrosine kinases such as cancer and inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, and the like. Also provided are pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof and processes for preparing such compounds and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Claims

1 . A compound of Formula (Id) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: wherein: Z 2 is —N— or CR 2 where R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl; R 3 is methyl, chloro, fluoro, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, methoxy, cyano, trifluoromethyl or trifluoromethoxy; R 4 is hydrogen, methyl, chloro, fluoro, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, methoxy, cyano, trifluoromethyl or trifluoromethoxy; R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; —Z-EWG- is -(alkylene)-NR′CO—, -(alkylene)-NR′SO 2 —, each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo and the carbonyl and sulfonyl group in -(alkylene)-NR′CO—, -(alkylene)-NR′SO 2 —, is attached to —C(CN)═CHR c ; and each R′ is independently hydrogen or alkyl; and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. 2 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 1 wherein: R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; and is 3 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 1 wherein R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; and is 4 . (canceled) 5 . (canceled) 6 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 2 wherein: is a ring of formula 7 . (canceled) 8 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 2 wherein: is a ring of formula: 9 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 2 wherein: is a ring of formula is a ring of formula: 10 . (canceled) 11 . (canceled) 12 . (canceled) 13 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 2 wherein: —Z-EWG- is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; and R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. 14 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 13 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 15 . (canceled) 16 . (canceled) 17 . (canceled) 18 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 6 wherein: —Z-EWG- is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from hydroxy, alkyl, or halo; and R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. 19 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 18 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 20 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt claim 2 wherein: —Z-EWG- is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; and R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. 21 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 20 wherein R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 22 . (canceled) 23 . (canceled) 24 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 6 wherein: —Z-EWG- is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; and R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. 25 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 24 wherein R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 26 . (canceled) 27 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 2 wherein: —Z-EWG- is —Z-EWG- is which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. 28 . (canceled) 29 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 6 wherein: —Z-EWG- is —Z-EWG- is which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; and R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. 30 . (canceled) 31 . The compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 29 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 32 - 36 . (canceled) 37 . The compound of claim 1 selected from: (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2-methylpropyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-1-cyano-2-cyclopropylethenesulfonamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-1-cyano-2-cyclopropyl-N-methylethenesulfonamide; 2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl 2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylate; 1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2-methylpropan-2-yl 2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylate; 2-((2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)sulfonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 2-(5-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)oxazol-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 2-((3R)-3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 2-((3S)-3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-methyl-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-methyl-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-chloro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-chloro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)-methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)-cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)-cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)-methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)-methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enamide; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-((S)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-((R)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)-4-amino-N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)-4-amino-N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; 2-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-3-(3-methyloxetan-3-yl)prop-2-enenitrile; or 2-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-3-(3-methyloxetan-3-yl)prop-2-enenitrile; or a mixture of R and S isomers; or an individual (E) or (Z) isomer thereof; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 38 . A compound selected from: (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; or a mixture of R and S isomers; or an individual (E) or (Z) isomer thereof; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 39 . A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 1 , and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. 40 . A method of treating a disease treatable by inhibition of a kinase wherein the kinase is BTK in a patient which method comprises administering to the patient in need thereof, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 1 and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. 41 . (canceled) 42 . The method of claim 40 wherein the disease is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease, or cancer and the compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of claim 1 is administered optionally in combination with one or more anticancer or anti-inflammatory agents. 43 - 46 . (canceled) 47 . A process of preparing a compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt of Formula (Id): where: Z 2 is —N—; R 3 is fluoro; R 4 is hydrogen; R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; —Z-EWG- is each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo, and the carbonyl and sulfonyl group in, is attached to —C(CN)═CHR c ; and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; comprising: (a) reacting a compound of Formula (A): wherein: Z 2 is —N—; R 3 is fluoro; R 4 is hydrogen; R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; —Z-EWG- is: where each ring is optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy; with an aldehyde of formula R c CHO where R c is alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; or (b) reacting a compound of formula (B): where Z 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are as defined above; and —Z-EWG′- is each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; with a compound of formula R c COX where X is a leaving group and R c is as defined above; (c) optionally making an acid addition salt of a compound obtained from Steps (a) or (b) above; (d) optionally making a free base of a compound obtained from Steps (a) or (b) above. 48 . The process of claim 47 wherein the compound of Formula (Id) is selected from: (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; or a mixture of R and S isomers; or an individual (E) or (Z) isomer thereof; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 49 . The method of claim 42 wherein the disease is inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, Still's disease, juvenile arthritis, diabetes, myasthenia gravis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Ord's thyroiditis, Graves' disease, Sjogren's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Addison's disease, opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, ankylosing spondylitisis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, aplastic anemia, autoimmune hepatitis, coeliac disease, Goodpasture's syndrome, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, optic neuritis, scleroderma, primary biliary cirrhosis, Reiter's syndrome, Takayasu's arteritis, temporal arteritis, warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Wegener's granulomatosis, psoriasis, alopecia universalis, Behcet's disease, chronic fatigue, dysautonomia, endometriosis, interstitial cystitis, neuromyotonia, scleroderma, or vulvodynia. 50 . The method of claim 49 wherein the disease is rheumatoid arthritis. 51 . The method of claim 49 wherein the disease is lupus. 52 . The method of claim 42 wherein the disease is graft versus host disease, transplantation, transfusion, anaphylaxis, allergy, type I hypersensitivity, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, asthma, appendicitis, blepharitis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bursitis, cervicitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis, colitis, conjunctivitis, contact dermatitis, cystitis, dacryoadenitis, dermatitis, dermatomyositis, eczema, encephalitis, endocarditis, endometritis, enteritis, enterocolitis, epicondylitis, epididymitis, fasciitis, fibrositis, gastritis, gastroenteritis, hepatitis, hidradenitis suppurativa, laryngitis, mastitis, meningitis, myelitis myocarditis, myositis, nephritis, oophoritis, orchitis, osteitis, otitis, pancreatitis, parotitis, pericarditis, peritonitis, pharyngitis, pleuritis, phlebitis, pneumonitis, pneumonia, proctitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, rhinitis, rosacea, salpingitis, scarring psoriatic lesions in the skin, joints, or other tissues or organs, sinusitis, stomatitis, synovitis, tendonitis, tonsillitis, urticaria,uveitis, vaginitis, vasculitis, or vulvitis. 53 . The method of claim 42 wherein the disease is diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, lymphoplamascytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, plasma cell myeloma, plasmacytoma, extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, mediastinal (thymic) large B cell lymphoma, intravascular large B cell lymphoma, primary effusion lymphoma, burkitt lymphoma/leukemia, or lymphomatoid granulomatosis.
[0001] The present disclosure provides compounds that are tyrosine kinase inhibitors, in particular BLK, BMX, EGFR, HER2, HER4, ITK, TEC, BTK, and TXK and are therefore useful for the treatment of diseases treatable by inhibition of tyrosine kinases such as cancer and inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, and the like. Also provided are pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds and processes for preparing such compounds. [0002] The human genome contains at least 500 genes encoding protein kinases. Many of these kinases have been implicated in human disease and as such represent potentially attractive therapeutic targets. For example EGFR is overexpressed in breast, head and neck cancers and the overexpression is correlated with poor survival (see Do N. Y., et al., Expression of c-ErbB receptors, MMPs and VEGF in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Oncol Rep . August 12:229-37. 2004 and Foley J., et al., EGFR signaling in breast cancer: bad to the bone. Semin Cell Dev Biol. 21:951-60. 2010). HER2, another EGFR family member, also is amplified or overexpressed in up to 30% of breast cancers, also correlating with poor survival (see Murphy C. G, Modi S. HER2 breast cancer therapies: a review. Biologics 3:289-301. 2009). HER4, also in the EGFR family, is overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (see Rosen F. S., et al. The primary immunodeficiencies. New Engl. J. Med. 333:431-40. 1995). Other studies show decreased expression of HER4 in certain cancers and suggest tumor suppressor activity (see Thomasson M, et al., ErbB4 is downregulated in renal cell carcinoma—a quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analysis of the epidermal growth factor receptor family. Acta Oncol. 43:453-9. 2004). Overall the data support a role for members of the EGFR family in cancer. ITK, a member of the TEC kinase family, is involved in activation of T cells and mast cells (see Iyer A. S. et al. Absence of Tec Family Kinases Interleukin-2 Inducible T cell Kinase (Itk) and Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (Btk) Severely Impairs Fc{epsilon}RI-dependent Mast Cell Responses. J. Biol. Chem.; 286:9503-13. 2011) and is a potential target in inflammatory immune diseases such as asthma. Mice deficient in ITK are resistant to development of allergic asthma (see Sahu N, et al., Differential sensitivity to Itk kinase signals for T helper 2 cytokine production and chemokine-mediated migration. J. Immunol. 180:3833-8. 2008). Another family member, BMX, is involved in supporting tumor angiogenesis through it's role in the tumor vascular endothelium (see Tu T, et al., Bone marrow X kinase-mediated signal transduction in irradiated vascular endothelium. Cancer Res. 68:2861-9. 2008) and is also progressively up-regulated during bladder cancer progression (see Guo S., et al., Tyrosine Kinase ETK/BMX Is Up-Regulated in Bladder Cancer and Predicts Poor Prognosis in Patients with Cystectomy. PLoS One. 6:e17778. 2011) suggesting a potential therapeutic target in this type cancer. The B lymphoid kinase (BLK) is linked through genetic association with a variety of rheumatic diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis (see Ito I, et al., Association of the FAM167A-BLK region with systemic sclerosis. Arthritis Rheum. 62:890-5. 2010). [0003] Bruton's tyrosine kinase (abbreviated as BTK), a member of the Tec family non-receptor tyrosine kinases that is essential for B cell signaling downstream from the B-cell receptor. It is expressed in B cells and other hematopoietic cells such as monocytes, macrophages and mast cells. It functions in various aspects of B cell function that maintain the B cell repertoire (see Gauld S. B. et al., B cell antigen receptor signaling: roles in cell development and disease. Science, 296:1641-2. 2002.)). Clinical validation of the role of B cells in RA has been provided by the efficacy of Rituxan (an anti-CD20 antibody), which depletes B cells as a mechanism of action (see Perosa F., et al., CD20-depleting therapy in autoimmune diseases: from basic research to the clinic. J Intern Med. 267:260-77. 2010 and Dörner T, et al. Targeting B cells in immune-mediated inflammatory disease: a comprehensive review of mechanisms of action and identification of biomarkers. Pharmacol Ther. 125:464-75. 2010.). Btk is known to be required for B cell development because patients with the disease X-linked agammaglobulinemia (see Rosen F. S., et al., The primary immunodeficiencies. N Engl J. Med. 333:431-40. 1995). Notably, small-molecule BTK inhibitors in pre-clinical development have been shown to be efficacious in collagen-induced arthritis (see Pan Z., et al., Discovery of selective irreversible inhibitors for Bruton's tyrosine kinase. J. Med. Chem. 2:58-61. 2007). However, the potential advantage of a BTK inhibitor (beyond the inherent advantage of a small-molecule over a biologic) is that modulation of BTK can inhibit B cell function without permanent removal of the B cell itself. Therefore, the long periods of low B cell levels experienced with Rituxan should be avoidable by targeting BTK. [0004] In addition, the disease modifying activities of BTK are expected to extend beyond those of Rituxan because of effects on addition cellular targets that are involved in propagation of disease. For instance, antigen induced mast cell degranulation is impaired in mast cells derived from the bone marrow of BTK deficient mice, demonstrating that BTK is downstream of the FcεR1 receptor (see Setoguchi R., et al., Defective degranulation and calcium mobilization of bone-marrow derived mast cells from Xid and BTK-deficient mice. Immunol Lett. 64:109-18. 1998). A similar signaling module exists in monocytes and macrophages for the FcγR1 receptor indicating BTK inhibition is highly likely to modulate TNF production in response to IgG. Both mast cells and macrophages are thought to contribute to propagation of the inflammatory cytokine environment of the diseased synovium. [0005] In addition to the peripheral and synovial effects of BTK inhibition described above, there is evidence that BTK inhibition will have bone protective effects in the inflamed joint (see Gravallese E. M., et al., Synovial tissue in rheumatoid arthritis is a source of osteoclast differentiation factor. Arthritis Rheum. 43:250-8. 2000). Studies with mice that are either deficient in BTK or have impaired BTK function have demonstrated that Rank ligand-induced osteoclast differentiation is impaired in the absence of BTK function (see Lee S. H., et. al., The tec family tyrosine kinase BTK Regulates RANKL-induced osteoclast maturation. J. Biol. Chem. 283:11526-34. 2008). Taken together these studies suggest a BTK inhibitor could inhibit or reverse the bone destruction that occurs in RA patients. Given the importance of B cells in autoimmune disease, BTK inhibitors could also have utility in other autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (see Shlomchik M. J., et. al., The role of B cells in 1pr/1pr-induced autoimmunity J. Exp Med. 180:1295-1306. 1994). Notably, an irreversible BTK inhibitor has been shown to display efficacy in the mouse MRL/lpr lupus model, reducing autoantibody production and renal damage (see Honigberg L. A., The Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor PCI-32765 blocks B-cell activation and is efficacious in models of autoimmune disease and B-cell malignancy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107:13075-80. 2010). [0006] There is also potential for BTK inhibitors for treating allergic diseases (see Honigberg, L., et. al., The selective BTK inhibitor PCI-32765 blocks B cell and mast cell activation and prevents mouse collagen indiced arthritis. Clin. Immunol. 127 S1:S111. 2008). In addition, the irreversible inhibitor suppresses passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) induced by IgE antigen complex in mice (see Honigberg, L., et. al., The selective BTK inhibitor PCI-32765 blocks B cell and mast cell activation and prevents mouse collagen indiced arthritis. Clin. Immunol. 127 S1:S111. 2008). These findings are in agreement with those noted with BTK-mutant mast cells and knockout mice and suggest that BTK inhibitors may be useful for the treatment of asthma, an IgE-dependent allergic disease of the airway. [0007] In addition, platelet aggregation in response to collagen or collagen-related peptide is impaired in XLA patients who lack BTK function (see Quek L. S, et al., A role for Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) in platelet activation by collagen. Curr. Biol. 8:1137-40.1998). This is manifested by changes downstream from GPIV, such as phosphorylation of PLCgamma2 and calcium flux, which suggests potential utility in treating thromboembolic diseases. [0008] Preclinical studies with a selective inhibitor of BTK have shown effects on spontaneous canine B cell lymphomas suggesting a potential utility in human lymphomas or other hematologic malignancies including chronic lymphocytic leukemia. [0009] Accordingly, there is a need for compounds that inhibit tyrosine kinases thereby providing treatment for diseases such as autoimmune diseases, thromboembolic diseases and cancer. The present disclosure can fulfill this need and related needs. [0010] In one aspect, this disclosure is directed to a compound of Formula (IA) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0011] dashed lines are an optional bond; [0012] Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are —N— or —CH—, provide that at least one and not more than two of Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are simultaneously —N—; [0013] L is O, CO, CH 2 , S, SO, SO 2 , NR, NRCO, CONR, NR′SO 2 , SO 2 NR′, or NRCONR, where (each R and R′ is independently hydrogen or alkyl); [0014] Ar is aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl or heterocyclyl; [0015] one of R 1 and R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy and the other is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), O, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, cycloalkylene, heteroalkylene, —(Z a ) n1 -aryl-, or —(Z a ) n1 -heteroaryl (wherein n1 is 0 or 1, Z a is NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), O, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, or heteroalkylene and aryl or heteroaryl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from halo, alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy), EWG is a bond or an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; [0016] R 2 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo or haloalkyl; [0017] R 3 is hydrogen, alkyl, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; [0018] R 4 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkynyl, cyclopropyl, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylaminosulfonyl, dialkylaminosulfonyl, —CONH 2 , alkylaminocarbonyl, dialkylaminocarbonyl, 3, 4 or 5 membered heterocylyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; and [0019] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, cyano, —CONH 2 , amino, or monosubstituted or disubstituted amino; provided that: (a) when [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] where (i) when R c is cyclopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 OH, —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , cyclopentyl, isopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , or azetidin-3-yl, then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] where Z is a bond or methylene; (ii) when R c is cyclopropyl then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] where Z is bond or methylene, and (iii) when R c is cyclopropyl and Z is cyclohexyl, then EWG is not —NHCO— where NH is bonded to cyclohexyl or (b) the compound of Formula (IA) is not 2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [0020] In one aspect, the compound of Formula (IA) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is a compound of Formula (I′): [0000] [0000] wherein: [0021] dashed lines are an optional bond; [0022] Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are —N— or —CH—, provide that at least one and not more than two of Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are simultaneously —N—; [0023] L is O, CO, CH 2 , S, SO, SO 2 , NR, NRCO, CONR, NR′SO 2 , SO 2 NR′, or NRCONR, where (each R and R′ is independently hydrogen or alkyl); [0024] Ar is aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl or heterocyclyl; [0025] one of R 1 and R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy and the other is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), O, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, cycloalkylene, heteroalkylene, —(Z a ) n1 -aryl-, or —(Z a ) n1 -heteroaryl (wherein n1 is 0 or 1, Z a is NRa (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), O, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, or heteroalkylene and aryl or heteroaryl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from halo, alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy), EWG is a bond or an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0026] R 2 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo or haloalkyl; [0027] R 3 is hydrogen, alkyl, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; [0028] R 4 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkynyl, cyclopropyl, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylaminosulfonyl, dialkylaminosulfonyl, —CONH 2 , alkylaminocarbonyl, dialkylaminocarbonyl, 3, 4 or 5 membered heterocylyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; and [0029] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, cyano, —CONH 2 , amino, or monosubstituted or disubstituted amino; provided that: (a) when [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] where (i) when R c is cyclopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 OH, —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , cyclopentyl, isopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , or azetidin-3-yl, then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] where Z is a bond or methylene; (ii) when R c is cyclopropyl then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] where Z is bond or methylene, and (iii) when R c is cyclopropyl and Z is cyclohexyl, then EWG is not —NHCO— where NH is bonded to cyclohexyl or (b) the compound of Formula (I′) is not 2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [0030] In another aspect, the compound of Formula (I′) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof is a compound of Formula (I): [0000] [0000] wherein: [0031] dashed lines are an optional bond; [0032] Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are —N— or —CH—, provide that at least one and not more than two of Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are simultaneously —N—; [0033] L is O, CO, CH 2 , S, SO, SO 2 , NR, NRCO, CONR, NR′SO 2 , SO 2 NR′, or NRCONR, where (each R and R′ is independently hydrogen or alkyl); [0034] Ar is aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl or heterocyclyl; [0035] one of R 1 and R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy and the other is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), O, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, cycloalkylene, heteroalkylene, —(Z a ) n1 -aryl-, or —(Z a ) n1 -heteroaryl (wherein n1 is 0 or 1, Z a is NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), O, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, or heteroalkylene and aryl or heteroaryl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from halo, alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy), EWG is a bond or an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0036] R 2 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo or haloalkyl; [0037] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; and [0038] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, cyano, —CONH 2 , amino, or monosubstituted or disubstituted amino; [0000] provided that: (a) when [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] where (i) when R c is cyclopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 OH, —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , cyclopentyl, isopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , or azetidin-3-yl, then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] where Z is a bond or methylene; (ii) when R c is cyclopropyl then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] where Z is bond or methylene, and (iii) when R c is cyclopropyl and Z is cyclohexyl, then EWG is not —NHCO— where NH is bonded to cyclohexyl or (b) the compound of Formula (I) is not 2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [0039] In a second aspect, this disclosure is directed to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. [0040] In a third aspect, this disclosure is directed to a method of treating a disease treatable by inhibition of a tyrosine kinase such as BLK, BMX, EGFR, HER2, HER4, ITK, TEC, BTK, and TXK, preferably BTK, in a patient which method comprises administering to the patient in need thereof, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. In one embodiment the disease is inflammatory disease such as arthritis, kidney disease, or cancer such as B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. [0041] In one embodiment of this aspect, the subject in need is suffering from an autoimmune disease, e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, Still's disease, juvenile arthritis, diabetes, myasthenia gravis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Ord's thyroiditis, Graves' disease, Sjogren's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Addison's disease, opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, ankylosing spondylitisis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, aplastic anemia, autoimmune hepatitis, coeliac disease, Goodpasture's syndrome, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, optic neuritis, scleroderma, primary biliary cirrhosis, Reiter's syndrome, Takayasu's arteritis, temporal arteritis, warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Wegener's granulomatosis, psoriasis, alopecia universalis, Behcet's disease, chronic fatigue, dysautonomia, endometriosis, interstitial cystitis, neuromyotonia, scleroderma, or vulvodynia. Preferably, the disease is rheumatoid arthritis. Preferably, the autoimmune disease is lupus. In another embodiment of this aspect, the patient in need is suffering from a heteroimmune condition or disease, e.g., graft versus host disease, transplantation, transfusion, anaphylaxis, allergy, type I hypersensitivity, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, or atopic dermatitis. [0042] In another embodiment of this aspect, the patient in need is suffering from an inflammatory disease, e.g., asthma, appendicitis, blepharitis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bursitis, cervicitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis, colitis, conjunctivitis, cystitis, dacryoadenitis, dermatitis, dermatomyositis, encephalitis, endocarditis, endometritis, enteritis, enterocolitis, epicondylitis, epididymitis, fasciitis, fibrositis, gastritis, gastroenteritis, hepatitis, hidradenitis suppurativa, laryngitis, mastitis, meningitis, myelitis myocarditis, myositis, nephritis, oophoritis, orchitis, osteitis, otitis, pancreatitis, parotitis, pericarditis, peritonitis, pharyngitis, pleuritis, phlebitis, pneumonitis, pneumonia, proctitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, rhinitis, salpingitis, sinusitis, stomatitis, synovitis, tendonitis, tonsillitis, uveitis, vaginitis, vasculitis, or vulvitis. In another embodiment of this aspect, the patient is suffering from inflammatory skin disease which includes, by way of example, dermatitis, contact dermatitis, eczema, urticaria, rosacea, and scarring psoriatic lesions in the skin, joints, or other tissues or organs. [0043] In yet another embodiment of this aspect, the subject in need is suffering from a cancer. In one embodiment, the cancer is a B-cell proliferative disorder, e.g., diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, lymphoplamascytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, plasma cell myeloma, plasmacytoma, extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, mediastinal (thymic) large B cell lymphoma, intravascular large B cell lymphoma, primary effusion lymphoma, burkitt lymphoma/leukemia, or lymphomatoid granulomatosis. In some embodiments, the compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),is administered in combination with another an anti-cancer agent e.g., the anti-cancer agent is an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling, e.g., U0126, PD98059, PD184352, PD0325901, ARRY-142886, SB239063, SP600125, BAY 43-9006, wortmannin, Nexavar®, Tarceva®, Sutent®, Tykerb®, Sprycel®, Crizotinib, Xalkori®, or LY294002. [0044] In yet another embodiment, the patient in need is suffering from a thromboembolic disorder, e.g., myocardial infarct, angina pectoris, reocclusion after angioplasty, restenosis after angioplasty, reocclusion after aortocoronary bypass, restenosis after aortocoronary bypass, stroke, transitory ischemia, a peripheral arterial occlusive disorder, pulmonary embolism, or deep venous thrombosis. [0045] In a fourth aspect, the disclosure is directed to use of compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (and any embodiments thereof described herein) as a medicament. In one embodiment, the use of compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) is for treating a disease mediated by a kinase, preferably BTK, more preferably the disease is an inflammatory disease or a proliferative disease such as cancer. [0046] In a fifth aspect is the use of a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein), in the manufacture of a medicament for treating an inflammatory disease in a patient in which the activity of a tyrosine kinase such as BLK, BMX, EGFR, HER2, HER4, ITK, TEC, BTK, and TXK, preferably, BTK contributes to the pathology and/or symptoms of the disease. In one embodiment of this aspect, the tyrosine kinase protein is BTK. In another embodiment of this aspect, the inflammatory disease is respiratory, cardiovascular, or proliferative diseases. [0047] In any of the aforementioned aspects involving the treatment of proliferative disorders, including cancer, are further embodiments comprising administering the compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein), in combination with at least one additional agent selected from the group consisting of alemtuzumab, arsenic trioxide, asparaginase (pegylated or non-), bevacizumab, cetuximab, platinum-based compounds such as cisplatin, cladribine, daunorubicin/doxorubicin/idarubicin, irinotecan, fludarabine, 5-fluorouracil, gemtuzamab, methotrexate, paclitaxel, Taxol™, temozolomide, thioguanine, or classes of drugs including hormones (an antiestrogen, an antiandrogen, or gonadotropin releasing hormone analogues, interferons such as alpha interferon, nitrogen mustards such as busulfan or melphalan or mechlorethamine, retinoids such as tretinoin, topoisomerase inhibitors such as irinotecan or topotecan, tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefinitinib or imatinib, or agents to treat signs or symptoms induced by such therapy including allopurinol, filgrastim, granisetron/ ondansetron/palonosetron, dronabinol. When combination therapy is used, the agents can be administered simultaneously or sequentially. [0048] In a sixth aspect, this disclosure is directed to an intermediate of Formula (II): [0000] [0000] wherein: [0049] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, fluoro or chloro; preferably R 4 is hydrogen and R 3 is fluoro, preferably fluoro is at the 2-position of the phenyl ring, the carbon atom of the phenyl ring attached to pyrazolopyrimidine ring being the 1-position; [0050] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; preferably R 6 and R 7 are hydrogen; preferably R 6 and R 7 are fluoro, more preferably, R 6 and R 7 are attached at the 2- and 3-position of the phenyl ring, the carbon atom attached to the phenyl ring substituted with R 3 and R 4 being position 1; [0051] —Z-EWG- is: [0000] [0000] where each ring is optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy; preferably —Z-EWG- is: [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy. More preferably, —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (R). Preferably —Z-EWG- is: [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (RS), (R) or (S); preferably (R). Preferably the stereochemistry at *C is (S). [0052] provided that at least one of R 3 , R 4 , R 6 and R 7 is not hydrogen, preferably one of R 3 and R 4 is not hydrogen. [0053] In a seventh aspect, this disclosure is directed to an intermediate of Formula (III): [0000] [0000] where: [0054] X is halo, preferably iodo; [0055] R is an amino protecting group, —COCH 2 CN or —CO—C(CN)═CHR c where R c is alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; [0056] or a salt thereof. [0057] Preferably, [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] is where the stereochemistry at *C is (R) or (S). [0058] Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (S) when R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkyl [substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl], or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0059] Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (S) when where R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. [0060] Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (R) when R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (R) when R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. [0061] In an eighth aspect, this disclosure is directed to an intermediate of Formula (IV): [0000] [0000] where: [0062] X′ is hydroxy or a leaving group, preferably halo; [0063] R is —COCH 2 CN or —CO—C(CN)═CHR c where R c is alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; [0064] or a salt thereof. Preferably, [0065] [0000] is [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (R) or (S). Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (S) when R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkyl [substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl], or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. Preferably, where R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. [0066] Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (R) when R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. Preferably, R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. [0067] In a ninth aspect, provided is a process of preparing a compound of Formula (Id): [0000] [0000] where: [0068] Z 2 is —N—; [0069] R 3 is fluoro; [0070] R 4 is hydrogen; [0071] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; [0072] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo, and the carbonyl and sulfonyl group in [0000] [0000] is attached to —C(CN)═CHR c ; and [0073] R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; or [0074] a pharmaceutical salt thereof; [0075] comprising: [0076] (a) reacting a compound of Formula (A): [0000] [0000] wherein: [0077] Z 2 is —N—; [0078] R 3 is fluoro; [0079] R 4 is hydrogen; [0080] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; [0081] —Z-EWG- is: [0000] [0000] where each ring is optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy; [0082] with an aldehyde of formula R c CHO where R c is alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; or [0083] (b) reacting a compound of formula (B): [0000] [0084] where Z 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , and R 6 are as defined above; and [0085] —Z-EWG′ is [0000] [0086] each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo; [0087] with a compound of formula R c COX where X is a leaving group and R c is as defined above; [0088] (c) optionally making an acid addition salt of a compound obtained from Steps (a) or (b) above; [0089] (d) optionally making a free base of a compound obtained from Steps (a) or (b) above. [0090] In one embodiment, in the process above, [0000] [0091] is a ring of formula: phenyl or [0000] [0092] In another embodiment, in the process above, [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: phenyl or [0000] [0000] respectively, where the stereochemistry at *C is (R) or (S). Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (S) when R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. Preferably, where R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. [0093] Preferably, the stereochemistry at *C is (R) when R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. Preferably, R e is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. [0094] In yet another embodiment, in the process above, [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: phenyl or [0000] and —Z-EWG- is [0095] [0096] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. Preferably, R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is isopropyl or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. [0097] Preferably, the compound of Formula (Id) is: (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; or (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2,3-difluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; [0110] or a mixture of R and S isomers; [0111] or an individual (E) or (Z) isomer thereof; DEFINITIONS [0112] Unless otherwise stated, the following terms used in the specification and claims are defined for the purposes of this application and have the following meaning: [0113] “Alkyl” means a linear saturated monovalent hydrocarbon radical of one to six carbon atoms or a branched saturated monovalent hydrocarbon radical of three to six carbon atoms, e.g., methyl, ethyl, propyl, 2-propyl, butyl (including all isomeric forms), pentyl (including all isomeric forms), and the like. [0114] “Alkynyl” means a linear saturated monovalent hydrocarbon radical of two to six carbon atoms or a branched saturated monovalent hydrocarbon radical of three to six carbon atoms that contains a triple bond, e.g., ethynyl, propynyl, 2-propynyl, butynyl (including all isomeric forms), pentynyl (including all isomeric forms), and the like. [0115] “Alkylene” means a linear saturated divalent hydrocarbon radical of one to six carbon atoms or a branched saturated divalent hydrocarbon radical of three to six carbon atoms unless otherwise stated e.g., methylene, ethylene, propylene, 1-methylpropylene, 2-methylpropylene, butylene, pentylene, and the like. [0116] “Alkylthio” means a —SR radical where R is alkyl as defined above, e.g., methylthio, ethylthio, and the like. [0117] “Alkylsulfonyl” means a —SO 2 R radical where R is alkyl as defined above, e.g., methylsulfonyl, ethylsulfonyl, and the like. [0118] “Amino” means a —NH 2 . [0119] “Alkylamino” means a —NHR radical where R is alkyl as defined above, e.g., methylamino, ethylamino, propylamino, or 2-propylamino, and the like. [0120] “Alkoxy” means a —OR radical where R is alkyl as defined above, e.g., methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, or 2-propoxy, n-, iso-, or tert-butoxy, and the like. [0121] “Alkoxyalkyl” means a linear monovalent hydrocarbon radical of one to six carbon atoms or a branched monovalent hydrocarbon radical of three to six carbons substituted with at least one alkoxy group, preferably one or two alkoxy groups, as defined above, e.g., 2-methoxyethyl, 1-, 2-, or 3-methoxypropyl, 2-ethoxyethyl, and the like. [0122] “Alkoxycarbonyl” means a —C(O)OR radical where R is alkyl as defined above, e.g., methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, and the like. [0123] “Aminocarbonyl” means a —CONRR′ radical where R is independently hydrogen, alkyl, or substituted alkyl, each as defined herein and R′ is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, or substituted alkyl, each as defined herein and wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl ring either alone or part of another group e.g., aralkyl, is optionally substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkoxy, hydroxyl, carboxy, or alkoxycarbonyl, e.g., —CONH 2 , methylaminocarbonyl, 2-dimethylaminocarbonyl, and the like. When R is hydrogen and R′ is alkyl in —CONRR′, the group is also referred to herein as alkylaminocarbonyl and when R and R′ are both alkyl in —CONRR′, the group is also referred to herein as dialkylaminocarbonyl. [0124] “Aminosulfonyl” means a —SO 2 NRR′ radical where R is independently hydrogen, alkyl, or substituted alkyl, each as defined herein and R′ is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, or substituted alkyl, each as defined herein and wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl ring either alone or part of another group e.g., aralkyl, is optionally substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkoxy, hydroxyl, carboxy, or alkoxycarbonyl, e.g., —SO 2 NH 2 , methylaminosulfonyl, dimethylaminosulfonyl, and the like. When R is hydrogen and R′ is alkyl in —SO 2 NRR′, the group is also referred to herein as alkylaminosulfonyl and when R and R′ are both alkyl in —SO 2 NRR′, the group is also referred to herein as dialkylaminosulfonyl. [0125] “Acyl” means a —COR radical where R is alkyl, haloalkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocyclyl, or heterocyclylalkyl, each as defined herein, and wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl ring either alone or part of another group e.g., aralkyl, is optionally substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkoxy, hydroxyl, carboxy, or alkoxycarbonyl, e.g., acetyl, propionyl, benzoyl, pyridinylcarbonyl, and the like. When R is alkyl, the radical is also referred to herein as alkylcarbonyl. [0126] “Aryl” means a monovalent monocyclic or bicyclic aromatic hydrocarbon radical of 6 to 10 ring atoms e.g., phenyl or naphthyl. [0127] “Aralkyl” means a -(alkylene)-R radical where R is aryl as defined above. [0128] “Cycloalkyl” means a cyclic saturated monovalent hydrocarbon radical of three to ten carbon atoms wherein one or two carbon atoms may be replaced by an oxo group, e.g., cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, or cyclohexyl, and the like. [0129] “Cycloalkylalkyl” means a -(alkylene)-R radical where R is cycloalkyl as defined above; e.g., cyclopropylmethyl, cyclobutylmethyl, cyclopentylethyl, or cyclohexylmethyl, and the like. [0130] “Cycloalkylene” means a cyclic saturated divalent hydrocarbon radical of three to ten carbon atoms wherein one or two carbon atoms may be replaced by an oxo group, e.g., cyclopropylene, cyclobutylene, cyclopentylene, or cyclohexylene, and the like. [0131] “Carboxy” means —COOH. [0132] “Disubstituted amino” means a —NRR′ radical where R and R′ are independently alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, acyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, or substituted alkyl, each as defined herein, and wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl ring either alone or part of another group e.g., aralkyl, is optionally substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkoxy, hydroxyl, carboxy, or alkoxycarbonyl, e.g., dimethylamino, phenylmethylamino, and the like. When the R and R′ groups are alkyl, the disubstituted amino group maybe referred to herein as dialkylamino. [0133] The term “electron withdrawing group” refers to a chemical substituent that modifies the electrostatic forces acting on a nearby chemical reaction center by withdrawing negative charge from that chemical reaction center. Thus, electron withdrawing groups draw electrons away from a reaction center. As a result, the reaction center is fractionally more positive than it would be in the absence of the electron-withdrawing group. In some embodiments, the chemical reaction center is one of the two carbons forming the carbon-carbon double bond (olefin). In some embodiments, the chemical reaction center is the olefin carbon attached to EWG. The electron withdrawing group functions to draw charge or electrons away from this olefin carbon thereby making the olefin carbon electron deficient (relative to the absence of the electron withdrawing group). The electron deficient olefin carbon is thereby rendered more reactive toward electron rich chemical groups, such as the sulfhydryl of a kinase active site cysteine. [0134] Some non-limiting examples of EWG include, but are not limited to, —NR′—, —CH(haloalkyl)-, —S(O 2 ), —S(O), —CO—, —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, —PO(OR′)—, [0000] [0000] heteroaryl, or aryl; wherein each R′ is independently hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, or cycloalkyl; ring A is heterocycloamino where the carbonyl and sulfonyl groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c in the definition of R 1 and R 5 in compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I); and heterocycloamino, aryl and heteroaryl are substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl, preferably from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, or alkylsulfonyl. Preferably, the heteroaryl ring is pyridinyl, pyrazolyl, indazolyl, indolyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, benzothiazolyl, oxazolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzoxazolyl, isoxazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, triazolyl, benzotriazolyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, quinazolinyl, pyrimidinyl, or pyridinyl N-oxide optionally substituted as defined in previous paragraph. In —NR′CO— and —NR′SO 2 groups, the CO and the SO 2 groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c . [0135] Preferably, EWG is —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, [0000] [0000] heteroaryl, or aryl; wherein each R′ is independently hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl; ring A is heterocycloamino where the carbonyl and sulfonyl groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c in the definition of R 1 and R 5 in compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I); and heterocycloamino, aryl and heteroaryl are substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl, preferably from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl. Preferably, the heteroaryl ring is pyridinyl, pyrazolyl, indazolyl, indolyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, benzothiazolyl, oxazolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzoxazolyl, isoxazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, triazolyl, benzotriazolyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, quinazolinyl, pyrimidinyl, or pyridinyl N-oxide optionally substituted as defined in previous paragraph. [0136] In the compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I), when R 1 or R 5 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c and the ring to which R 1 or R 5 is attached is an electron deficient π system, both Z and EWG can be a bond and the carbon atom substituted with the cyano group in —C(CN)═CHR c can directly attach to such electron deficient ring. A ring has electron deficient 7E system when it is substituted with an electron withdrawing group or the ring itself is electron deficient e.g., heteroaryl rings containing electronegative ring atoms such as nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur. [0137] In some embodiments, a composition of the present disclosure comprises a compound corresponding to Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof) in which R 1 or R 5 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c and the ring to which R 1 or R 5 is attached is an electron deficient π system. In such embodiments, Z and EWG may each be bonds and the carbon atom substituted with the cyano group in —C(CN)═CHR c can directly attach to such electron deficient ring. In general, a ring has electron deficient π system when it is substituted with an electron withdrawing group or the ring itself is electron deficient, e.g., heteroaryl rings containing electronegative ring atoms such as nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur. For example, the ring [0000] [0000] is an electron deficient π system when it is unsubstituted or substituted with halo, cyano or haloalkyl and Ar can be an electron deficient π system when Ar is heteroaryl e.g., [0000] [0138] substituted with R 5 or R 6 or phenyl substituted with R 5 or R 6 where at least one of R 5 or R 6 is an electron withdrawing group i.e., halo, haloalkyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, cyano, or —CONH 2 . [0139] “Halo” means fluoro, chloro, bromo, or iodo, preferably fluoro or chloro. [0140] “Haloalkyl” means alkyl radical as defined above, which is substituted with one or more halogen atoms, preferably one to five halogen atoms, preferably fluorine or chlorine, including those substituted with different halogens, e.g., —CH 2 Cl, —CF 3 , —CHF 2 , —CH 2 CF 3 , —CF 2 CF 3 , —CF(CH 3 ) 2 , and the like. When the alkyl is substituted with only fluoro, it is referred to in this application as fluoroalkyl. [0141] “Haloalkoxy” means a —OR radical where R is haloalkyl as defined above e.g., —OCF 3 , —OCHF 2 , and the like. When R is haloalkyl where the alkyl is substituted with only fluoro, it is referred to in this application as fluoroalkoxy. [0142] “Hydroxyalkyl” means a linear monovalent hydrocarbon radical of one to six carbon atoms or a branched monovalent hydrocarbon radical of three to six carbons substituted with one or two hydroxy groups, provided that if two hydroxy groups are present they are not both on the same carbon atom. Representative examples include, but are not limited to, hydroxymethyl, 2-hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, 3-hydroxypropyl, 1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methylpropyl, 2-hydroxybutyl, 3-hydroxybutyl, 4-hydroxybutyl, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl, 1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-hydroxyethyl, 2,3-dihydroxybutyl, 3,4-dihydroxybutyl and 2-(hydroxymethyl)-3-hydroxypropyl, preferably 2-hydroxyethyl, 2,3-dihydroxypropyl, and 1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-hydroxyethyl. [0143] “Heterocyclyl” means a saturated or unsaturated monovalent monocyclic group of 4 to 8 ring atoms in which one or two ring atoms are heteroatom selected from N, O, or S(O) n , where n is an integer from 0 to 2, the remaining ring atoms being C. The heterocyclyl ring is optionally fused to a (one) aryl or heteroaryl ring as defined herein provided the aryl and heteroaryl rings are monocyclic. The heterocyclyl ring fused to monocyclic aryl or heteroaryl ring is also referred to in this application as “bicyclic heterocyclyl” ring. Additionally, one or two ring carbon atoms in the heterocyclyl ring can optionally be replaced by a —CO— group. More specifically the term heterocyclyl includes, but is not limited to, pyrrolidino, piperidino, homopiperidino, 2-oxopyrrolidinyl, 2-oxopiperidinyl, morpholino, piperazino, tetrahydropyranyl, thiomorpholino, and the like. When the heterocyclyl ring is unsaturated it can contain one or two ring double bonds provided that the ring is not aromatic. When the heterocyclyl group contains at least one nitrogen atom, it is also referred to herein as heterocycloamino and is a subset of the heterocyclyl group. When the heterocyclyl group is a saturated ring and is not fused to aryl or heteroaryl ring as stated above, it is also referred to herein as saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl. [0144] “Heterocyclylalkyl” means a -(alkylene)-R radical where R is heterocyclyl ring as defined above e.g., tetraydrofuranylmethyl, piperazinylmethyl, morpholinylethyl, and the like. [0145] “Heterocycloamino” means a saturated or unsaturated monovalent monocyclic group of 4 to 8 ring atoms in which one or two ring atoms are heteroatom selected from N, O, or S(O) n , where n is an integer from 0 to 2, the remaining ring atoms being C provided that at least one of the ring atoms is N. Additionally, one or two ring carbon atoms in the heterocycloamino ring can optionally be replaced by a —CO— group. When the heterocycloamino ring is unsaturated it can contain one or two ring double bonds provided that the ring is not aromatic. The heterocyloamino ring can optionally be substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl, amino, alkylamino, or dialkylamino unless otherwise stated herein. [0146] “Heteroaryl” means a monovalent monocyclic or bicyclic aromatic radical of 5 to 10 ring atoms where one or more, preferably one, two, or three, ring atoms are heteroatom selected from N, O, or S, the remaining ring atoms being carbon. Representative examples include, but are not limited to, pyrrolyl, thienyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, furanyl, indolyl, isoindolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoxazolyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, pyridinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, and the like. [0147] “Heteroaralkyl” means a -(alkylene)-R radical where R is heteroaryl as defined above. [0148] “Heteroalkylene” means an -(alkylene)- radical where one, two or three carbons in the alkylene chain is replaced by —O—, N(H, alkyl, or substituted alkyl), S, SO, SO 2 , or CO. [0149] “Monosubstituted amino” means a —NHR radical where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, acyl, aryl, aralkyl, heteroaryl, heteroaralkyl, heterocyclyl, heterocyclylalkyl, or substituted alkyl, each as defined herein, and wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclyl ring either alone or part of another group e.g., aralkyl, is optionally substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkoxy, hydroxyl, carboxy, or alkoxycarbonyl, e.g., methylamino, phenylamino, hydroxyethylamino, and the like. When R is alkyl, the monosubstituted amino group maybe referred to herein as alkylamino. [0150] The present disclosure also includes the prodrugs of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein). The term prodrug is intended to represent covalently bonded carriers, which are capable of releasing the active ingredient of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),when the prodrug is administered to a mammalian subject. Release of the active ingredient occurs in vivo. Prodrugs can be prepared by techniques known to one skilled in the art. These techniques generally modify appropriate functional groups in a given compound. These modified functional groups however regenerate original functional groups in vivo or by routine manipulation. Prodrugs of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),include compounds wherein a hydroxy, amino, carboxylic, or a similar group is modified. Examples of prodrugs include, but are not limited to esters (e.g., acetate, formate, and benzoate derivatives), carbamates (e.g., N,N-dimethylaminocarbonyl) of hydroxy or amino functional groups in compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I)), amides (e.g., trifluoroacetylamino, acetylamino, and the like), and the like. Prodrugs of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),are also within the scope of this disclosure. [0151] The present disclosure also includes protected derivatives of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein). For example, when compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),contain groups such as hydroxy, carboxy, thiol or any group containing a nitrogen atom(s), these groups can be protected with a suitable protecting groups. A comprehensive list of suitable protective groups can be found in T. W. Greene, Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (1999), the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. The protected derivatives of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein), can be prepared by methods well known in the art. [0152] The present disclosure also includes polymorphic forms (amorphous as well as crystalline) and deuterated forms of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein). [0153] A “pharmaceutically acceptable salt” of a compound means a salt that is pharmaceutically acceptable and that possesses the desired pharmacological activity of the parent compound. Such salts include: [0154] acid addition salts, formed with inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, and the like; or formed with organic acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, hexanoic acid, cyclopentanepropionic acid, glycolic acid, pyruvic acid, lactic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid, malic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, benzoic acid, 3-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, mandelic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, 1,2-ethanedisulfonic acid, 2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, 4-chlorobenzenesulfonic acid, 2-naphthalenesulfonic acid, 4-toluenesulfonic acid, camphorsulfonic acid, glucoheptonic acid, 4,4′-methylenebis-(3-hydroxy-2-ene-1-carboxylic acid), 3-phenylpropionic acid, trimethylacetic acid, tertiary butylacetic acid, lauryl sulfuric acid, gluconic acid, glutamic acid, hydroxynaphthoic acid, salicylic acid, stearic acid, muconic acid, and the like; or [0155] salts formed when an acidic proton present in the parent compound either is replaced by a metal ion, e.g., an alkali metal ion, an alkaline earth ion, or an aluminum ion; or coordinates with an organic base such as ethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, tromethamine, N-methylglucamine, and the like. It is understood that the pharmaceutically acceptable salts are non-toxic. Additional information on suitable pharmaceutically acceptable salts can be found in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17th ed., Mack Publishing Company, Easton, Pa., 1985, which is incorporated herein by reference. [0156] The compounds of the present disclosure may have asymmetric centers. Compounds of the present disclosure containing an asymmetrically substituted atom may be isolated in optically active or racemic forms. It is well known in the art how to prepare optically active forms, such as by resolution of materials. All chiral, diastereomeric, racemic forms are within the scope of this disclosure, unless the specific stereochemistry or isomeric form is specifically indicated. [0157] Certain compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),can exist as tautomers and/or geometric isomers. All possible tautomers and cis and trans isomers, as individual forms and mixtures thereof are within the scope of this disclosure. Additionally, as used herein the term alkyl includes all the possible isomeric forms of said alkyl group albeit only a few examples are set forth. Furthermore, when the cyclic groups such as aryl, heteroaryl, heterocyclyl are substituted, they include all the positional isomers albeit only a few examples are set forth. Furthermore, all polymorphic forms and hydrates of a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),are within the scope of this disclosure. [0158] “Oxo” or “carbonyl” means C═(O) group. [0159] “Optional” or “optionally” means that the subsequently described event or circumstance may but need not occur, and that the description includes instances where the event or circumstance occurs and instances in which it does not. For example, “heterocyclyl group optionally substituted with an alkyl group” means that the alkyl may but need not be present, and the description includes situations where the heterocyclyl group is substituted with an alkyl group and situations where the heterocyclyl group is not substituted with alkyl. [0160] A “pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient” means a carrier or an excipient that is useful in preparing a pharmaceutical composition that is generally safe, non-toxic and neither biologically nor otherwise undesirable, and includes a carrier or an excipient that is acceptable for veterinary use as well as human pharmaceutical use. “A pharmaceutically acceptable carrier/excipient” as used in the specification and claims includes both one and more than one such excipient. [0161] “Substituted alkyl” means alkyl group as defined herein which is substituted with one, two, or three substituents independently selected from hydroxyl, alkoxy, carboxy, cyano, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, halo, —CONRR′ or —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl, and each R′ is hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl) or heterocyclyl (preferably heterocycloamino) which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl, hydroxyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, halo, or —CONRR′ where R and R′ are as defined above. [0162] “Treating” or “treatment” of a disease includes: [0163] (1) preventing the disease, i.e. causing the clinical symptoms of the disease not to develop in a mammal that may be exposed to or predisposed to the disease but does not yet experience or display symptoms of the disease; [0164] (2) inhibiting the disease, i.e., arresting or reducing the development of the disease or its clinical symptoms; or [0165] (3) relieving the disease, i.e., causing regression of the disease or its clinical symptoms. [0166] A “therapeutically effective amount” means the amount of a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (or any of the embodiments thereof described herein),that, when administered to a mammal for treating a disease, is sufficient to effect such treatment for the disease. The “therapeutically effective amount” will vary depending on the compound, the disease and its severity and the age, weight, etc., of the mammal to be treated. [0000] Representative compounds of the Disclosure are shown in Tables 1 and 2 below: [0000] TABLE 1 Cpd # Stereo- chem Z 3 R 2 —Z—EWG— R c Mass Spec M + + 1  1 N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 506  2 N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 506  3 N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 506  4 N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl cyclopropyl 604  5 N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl cyclopropyl 604  6 N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl cyclopropyl 604  7 N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 522  8 N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 522  9 N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl tert-butyl 620  10 N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 522  11 1s,4s N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 520  12 N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl tert-butyl 620  13 1r,4r N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl cyclopropyl 618  14 1s,4s N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 536  15A  15B R S N — phenyl 3-Fphenyl cyclopropyl 524 —  16 1r,4r N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl tert-butyl 634  17A  17B R S N — phenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542 —  18A  18B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 524 —  19 N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl tert-butyl 622  20 1s,4s N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl cyclopropyl 618  21 1s,4s N — 3-methoxyphenyl 3,4-diClphenyl tert-butyl 635  22A  22B R S N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 506 506  23A  23B R S N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 522 —  24A  24B R S N — phenyl 3-Fphenyl cyclopropyl 524.2 —  25A  25B R S N — phenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542.2 —  27A  27B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 524.2 524  28 N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 522  29A  29B R S N — phenyl phenyl tert-butyl 522 —  30A  30B R S N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 506 —  31A  31B R S N — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542.40 542.15  32A  32B R S N — phenyl 2,6-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542 542.30  33A  33B R S N — phenyl 2-Fphenyl cyclopropyl 524.2 —  34 N — phenyl phenyl —(CH 2 ) 2 NHCO— cyclopropyl 466  35A  35B R S N — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542 —  36A  36B R S N — phenyl 2,6-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542 —  37A  37B R S N — phenyl 2,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542 —  38A  38B R S N — phenyl 2-Fphenyl cyclopropyl 524 —  39A  39B R S N — phenyl 2,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 542 542.30  40A  40B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 3-Fphenyl cyclopropyl 542.30 542  41A  41B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 560 —  42A  42B R S N — 3-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 524.45 —  43A  43B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 560.40 560  44A  44B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,6-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 560.40 560.30  45 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 ) 2 NHCO— cyclopropyl  46 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 NHCO— cyclopropyl  47 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —CH 2 C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCO— cyclopropyl  48 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 ) 2 NHSO 2 — cyclopropyl  49 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 ) 2 N(CH 3 )SO 2 — cyclopropyl  50 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 ) 2 OCO— cyclopropyl  51 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —CH 2 C(CH 3 ) 2 OCO— cyclopropyl  52 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —CH 2 CH 2 SO 2 — cyclopropyl  53 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 5-CH 2 oxazol-2-yl cyclopropyl  54A  54B R S CH — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 505 —  55A  55B R S CH — phenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 541 —  56A  56B R S CH — 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 523 —  57A  57B R S CH — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl — 505  58A  58B R S CH — phenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl — 541  59A  59B R S CH — 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl — 523  60A  60B R S C CH 3 phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl  61A  61B R S C CH 3 phenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl  62A  62B R S C CH 3 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl  63A  63B R S C CH 3 phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl — 519  64A  64B R S C CH 3 phenyl 3,5-diFphenyl cyclopropyl — 555  65A  65B R or S C CH 3 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl — 536  66 RS N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 506  67 — N — phenyl phenyl —CH 2 C(CH 3 ) 2 —CH 2 NHCO— cyclopropyl 508  68 N — phenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 472  69A  69B R S N — 2-methylphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 520 —  70A  70B R S N — 2-chlorophenyl phenyl cyclopropyl 541 —  71A  71B R S N — phenyl 2,5-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 544.20  72A  72B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 3-Fphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 559 558.90  73A  73B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 3-Fphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 544  74A  74B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl tert-butyl 540 —  75A  75B R S N — phenyl 2,6-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 544.45  76A  76B R S N — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 544.05  77A  77B R S C CH 3 phenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 — 564  78A  78B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,6-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 562.25  79A  79B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl cyclopropyl — 560.10  80A  80B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 562.1  81A  81B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 526.35 526.35  82A  82B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 541 541  83A  83B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 555 555.05  84A  84B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 569 569  85A  85B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NHCH 2 CH 3 569 569  86A  86B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH—CH 2 (CH 3 ) 2 — 583  87A  87B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH-cyclopropyl — 581  88A  88B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 — 599  89A  89B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —OCH 2 CH 3 570 570  90A  90B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-amino-cycloprop-1-yl 539  91A  91B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-methylamino- cycloprop-1-yl  92A  92B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-ethylamino- cycloprop-1-yl  93A  93B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-isopropyl- aminocycloprop-1-yl  94A  94B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl pyrrolidin-2-yl  95A  95B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholin-4-yl 611 611  96A  96B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-diethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl  97A  97B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-dimethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl  98A  98B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-methyl-piperidin-4-yl  99A  99B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl tetrahydro-pyran-4-yl 100A 100B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl piperidin-4-yl 101A 101B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl piperidin-3-yl 102A 102B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 562 562 103A 103B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 3 — 576 104A 104B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 577 577 105A 105B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 591 591 106A 106B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 605 605 107A 107B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NHCH 2 CH 3 605 — 108A 108B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH—CH 2 (CH 3 ) 2 — 583 109A 109B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH-cyclopropyl 110A 110B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 111A 111B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —OCH 2 CH 3 606 606 112A 112B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-amino-cycloprop-1-yl 113A 113B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-methylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 114A 114B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-ethylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 115A 115B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-isopropylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 116A 115B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl pyrrolidin-2-yl 117A 117B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholin-4-yl 118A 118B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-diethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl 119A 119B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-dimethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl 120A 120B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl 121A 121B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl tetrahydropyran-4-yl 122A 122B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl piperidin-4-yl 123A 123B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl piperidin-3-yl 124A 124B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 526 — 125A 125B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 3 540 — 126A 126B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 542 — 127A 127B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 128A 128B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 569 — 129A 129B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NHCH 2 CH 3 130A 130B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH—CH(CH 3 ) 2 131A 131B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH-cyclopropyl 132A 132B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 133A 133B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —OCH 2 CH 3 570 — 134A 134B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-amino-cycloprop-1-yl 135A 135B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-methylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 136A 136B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-ethylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 137A 137B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-isopropylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 138A 138B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl pyrrolidin-2-yl 139A 139B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholin-4-yl 611 — 140A 140B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-diethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl 141A 141B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-dimethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl 142A 142B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl 143A 143B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl tetrahydropyran-4-yl 144A 144B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl piperidin-4-yl 145A 145B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl piperidin-3-yl 146A 146B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl cyclopropyl 560 — 147A 147B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 562 — 148A 148B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 3 576 — 149A 149B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 577 — 150A 150B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 151A 151B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 605 — 152A 152B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NHCH 2 CH 3 153A 153B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH—CH(CH 3 ) 2 154A 154B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH-cyclopropyl 155A 155B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 156A 156B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 —OCH 2 CH 3 606 — 157A 157B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-amino-cycloprop-1-yl 158A 158B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-methylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 159A 159B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-ethylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 160A 160B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-isopropylamino- cycloprop-1-yl 161A 161B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl pyrrolidin-2-yl 162A 162B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholin-4-yl 647.3 — 163A 163B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-diethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl 164A 164B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-dimethylamino- methylcyclopent-1-yl 165A 165B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl 166A 166B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl tetrahydropyran-4-yl 167A 167B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl piperidin-4-yl 168A 168B R S N — 2-Fphenyl 2,3-diFphenyl piperidin-3-yl 169A 169B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 -piperidin-1-yl 609 609 170A 170B R S CH — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 — 468 171A 171B R S CH — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl cyclopropyl — 541 172A 172B R S CH — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 — 543 173A 173B R S CH — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 3 — 557 174A 174B R S CH — phenyl 2,3-diFphenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 — 586 175A 175B R S CH — phenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 550 550 176A 176B R S CH — phenyl phenyl —CH(CH 3 ) 2 507 507 177A 177B R S CH — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 540 540 178A 178B R S CH — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 550 — 179A 179B R S CH — phenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholin-4-yl 592 592 180A 180B R S CH — phenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 2 CH 3 ) 2 578 578 181A 181B R S CH — phenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 551 551 182A R N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )CH(CH 3 )NHCO— tert-butyl 514- 182B S — 183A R N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )CH(CH 3 )NHCO— isopropyl 500- 184B S N — — 184A R N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 544- 184B S N — — 185A R N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 543- 185B S — 186 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 2(S)pyrrolidin-2-yl 553 187 N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl 2(R)pyrrolidin-2-yl 553 188 R N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 515 189 N — phenyl phenyl —(CH 2 ) 2 N(CH 3 )CO— cyclopropyl 480 190A 190B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —C(CH 3 ) 2 piperidin-1-yl 609 191 S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— tert-butyl 514 192 S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— iso-propyl 500 193 S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 543 194 S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 544 195 S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 515 196 S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl —(CH 2 )*CH(CH 3 )NHCO— cyclopropyl 498 197A 197B R S N — 2-Fphenyl phenyl — 554.3 or an RS mixture of enantiomers; or an E or Z isomer, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [0167] Note: In the table above, the letter A refers to the R isomer and B refers to its corresponding S isomer e.g., 168A=R isomer and 168B is the corresponding S isomer of the same compound. [0168] and are named as follows: 2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; 2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; 2-(4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; 2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; 2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy(3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; 2-(4-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; 2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; 2-(4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; 2-(4-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; 2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; N-((1s,4s)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide*; 2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; N-((1r,4r)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide*; N-((1s,4s)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide*; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-((1r,4r)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide*; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; 2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; N-((1s,4s)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide*; N-((1s,4s)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide*; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile;23 (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 2-(3-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile*; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide*; 30 (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(3-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2-methylpropyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-1-cyano-2-cyclopropylethenesulfonamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-1-cyano-2-cyclopropyl-N-methylethenesulfonamide; 2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl 2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylate; 1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2-methylpropan-2-yl 2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylate; 2-((2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)sulfonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 2-(5-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)oxazol-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 53 (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 58 (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; [0258] 2-((3R)-3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 2-((3S)-3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-(2-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-(2-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; 65 2-(3-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; N-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; 2-(4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile*; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-methyl-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-methyl-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-chloro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-chloro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; 77 (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; 80 (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)-methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)methyl)cyclopentyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(isopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-((2-methoxyethyl)amino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(methylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(ethylamino)cyclopropyl)-acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)-cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-(isopropylamino)-cyclopropyl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((diethylamino)methyl)-cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)-methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-((dimethylamino)-methyl)cyclopentyl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; (S)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-4-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((S)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(piperidin-3-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(diethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(diethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (R)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enamide; 2-((R)-2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(S)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-((R)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)acrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)-4-amino-N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; N-(2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropyl-N-methylacrylamide; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(piperidin-1-yl)pent-2-enenitrile; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)-4-amino-N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide; (S)—N-(1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide; or a mixture of R and S isomers or an individual (E) or (Z) isomer thereof; [0513] or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [0514] *=cpds not in claims. [0000] TABLE 2                 Cpd #                 Stereochem                 Z 3                 R 2                 -Z-EWG-                 R c 1 RS N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl cyclopropyl 2 RS N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl cyclopropyl 3 RS N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl tert-butyl 4 RS N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl cyclopropyl 5 RS N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl tert-butyl 6 RS N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl tert-butyl 7 Ir, 4r N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl cyclopropyl 8 Ir, 4r N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl tert-butyl 9 Ir, 4s N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl cyclopropyl 10 Ir, 4s N — phenyl 4-CF 3 phenyl tert-butyl [0515] and are named as follows: N-(4-(4-amino-1-(1-(2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacryloyl)piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-(1-(2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacryloyl)piperidin-4-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-(1-(2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enoyl)piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-((1-(2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacryloyppyrrolidin-2-yl)methyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-((1-(2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enoyl)pyrrolidin-2-yl)methyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-(1-(2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enoyl)piperidin-4-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-((1r,40-4-(2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamido)cyclohexyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-((1r,40-4-(2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamido)cyclohexyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-((1s,4s)-4-(2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamido)cyclohexyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; N-(4-(4-amino-1-((1s,4s)-4-(2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enamido)cyclohexyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide; [0526] or and E or Z isomer thereof or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. EMBODIMENTS Embodiment A [0527] In one embodiment, a compound of Formula (I) is as defined above (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof) in which the fused bicyclic moiety thereof has the structure: [0000] Preferably, [0528] Preferably, [0529] Preferably, [0530] Preferably, [0531] Embodiment B [0532] In another embodiment, a compound of Formula (I) is as defined above (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof) or as more specifically defined in embodiment (A) and groups contained therein, wherein in one group of compounds L is O, S, SO, SO 2 , NR or NHCONH; preferably O, S, NH, or N(methyl), or NHCONH; more preferably L is O or NHCONH. Within this embodiment, in one group of compounds L is O. Within this embodiment, in one group of compounds L is NHCONH, NHCO, or CONH, preferably NHCONH. Within this embodiment and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R 2 is hydrogen, methyl, fluoro, or trifluoromethyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl, more preferably hydrogen. Embodiment C [0533] In another embodiment, a compound of Formula (I) is as defined above (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof) or as more specifically defined in embodiments (A) and/or (B) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; preferably R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, fluoro, methoxy, chloro, trifluoromethyl, or trifluoromethoxy. Preferably, R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen or fluoro. Preferably, in one group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] where R 3 is methyl, ethyl, chloro, fluoro or trifluoromethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl, chloro or fluoro, more preferably, methyl, ethyl, or chloro, even more preferably chloro or fluoro, particularly preferably fluoro. Preferably, in another group of compounds [0000] [0534] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] where R 3 is alkyl or halo, preferably methyl, chloro or fluoro. Preferably, in yet another group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] preferably, [0000] Embodiment D [0535] In another embodiment, a compound of Formula (I) is as defined above (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof) or as more specifically defined in embodiments (A), (B) and/or (C) and groups contained therein, wherein in one group of compounds R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano. Preferably, in another group of compounds: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] preferably, [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] Embodiment E [0536] In another embodiment, a compound of Formula (I) is as defined above (or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof) or as more specifically defined in embodiments (A), (B), (C) and/or (D) and groups contained therein, wherein in one group of compounds: [0537] (a) R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 5 is hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0538] R 1 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), —O—, —S—, —S(O)—, —S(O 2 )—, alkylene, cycloalkylene, heteroalkylene, aryl or heteroaryl, EWG is an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R c where R d and R c are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0539] and L is O. [0540] (b) In another group of compounds R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 1 is hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0541] R 5 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), —O—, —S—, —S(O)—, —S(O 2 )—, alkylene, cycloalkylene, aryl, heteroaryl, or heteroalkylene, EWG is an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0542] and L is NHCONH, NHCO or CONH. [0543] (c) Within the groups in embodiment (E), e.g., subparts (a) and (b), in one group of compounds Z is bond, NR a , O, or methylene and EWG is —CH(haloalkyl)-, —NR′—, —S(O 2 )—, —S(O)—, —C(O)—, —NR′C(O)—, —NR′S(O 2 )—, —PO(OR′)—, [0000] [0000] heteroaryl, or aryl; wherein each R′ is independently hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, or cycloalkyl; ring A is heterocycloamino where the carbonyl and sulfonyl groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c in the definition of R 1 and R 5 in compound of Formula (I); and heterocycloamino, aryl and heteroaryl are substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl, preferably hydrogen, alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, nitro, halo, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy [0544] Within the groups in (c), in one group of compounds EWG is aryl or heteroaryl, preferably, EWG is selected from: [0000] [0000] wherein [0545] each such ring is substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl. Preferably when EWG is heteroaryl wherein heteroaryl ring is six membered ring shown above, then Z is a bond, O, or NR a , preferably a bond; [0000] [0000] symbol denotes point of attachment of the ring to —Z- when Z is other than bond and directly to the rest of the molecule when Z is a bond; and [0000] [0000] is bond attaching the ring to —C(CN)═CHR c . Preferably, in another group of compounds EWG is oxazol-5-yl that is connected at the 2-position to —C(CN)═CHR c . [0546] (d) Within the groups in embodiment (E) e.g., subparts (a) and (b), in one group of compounds —Z-EWG- is selected from: [0000] [0547] each substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl. [0000] Preferably, —Z-EWG- is selected from: phenyl, 2-, 3-, or 4-pyridyl substituted as defined above. [0548] (i) Within the groups in embodiment (E), e.g., subparts (a), (b), (c), and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds when EWG is a six membered ring, then the —C(CN)═CH(R c ) group is attached to the carbon atom in the six membered ring that is preferably meta to the carbon atom that attaches the six membered ring to —Z-. [0549] (ii) Within the groups in embodiment (E), e.g., (a), (b), (c), and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds when EWG is a five membered ring, then the —C(CN)═CH(R c ) group is attached to the atom in the five membered ring that is preferably ortho to the atom that attaches the five membered ring to —Z—. [0550] (e) Within groups in (c), in one group of compounds Z is bond, NR a , O, or methylene and EWG is [0000] [0000] where ring A is heterocycloamino where the carbonyl and sulfonyl groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c in the definition of R 1 and R 5 in compound of Formula (I); and heterocycloamino is substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl. Preferably, ring A is pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, or piperazinyl optionally substituted with methyl, or fluoro. [0551] Within embodiment (e) and groups contained therein Z is a bond, methylene, or O. Preferably, —Z-EWG- is: [0000] Preferably, —Z-EWG- is: [0552] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (R). [0553] (f) In another group of compounds R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 1 is hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0554] R 5 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond and EWG bond, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0555] and L is NHCONH, NHCO or CONH when Ar is an electron deficient π system. [0556] (g) Within groups in embodiment (E) i.e., (a) and (b), in one group of compounds Z is bond, or alkylene and EWG —OCO—, —SO 2 —, —NR′CO— or —NR′SO 2 —. Preferably, EWG is —NR′CO— or —NR′SO 2 —, more preferably —NHCO—. Within groups in (g) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds Z is alkylene, preferably ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 —CH 2 —, or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 —, preferably methylene or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 —. Embodiment F [0557] Within compounds of Formula (I) as defined above, wherein in embodiments (A), (B), (C), (D), and/or (E) and groups contained therein, and wherein in subparts (a)-(g) of Embodiment E and groups contained therein, one group of compounds R c is methyl, ethyl, tert-butyl, isopropyl, cyclopropyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2-methyl-2-methylaminoethyl, 2-methyl-2-dimethylaminoethyl, or 1-methylaminocycloprop-1-ylene, or 1-dimethylaminocycloprop-1-ylene; preferably R c is cyclopropyl or tert-butyl, more preferably R c is cyclopropyl. Embodiment G [0558] In another embodiment, within the compound of Formula (I) as defined above wherein in embodiments (A), (B), (C), (D), (E), and/or (F), and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds the [0000] [0000] group is attached at the 4-position of the phenyl ring, the carbon atom of the phenyl ring attached to [0000] [0000] being carbon 1. [0559] (i) Within the groups in embodiment G, in one group of compounds, [0000] [0000] is phenyl. [0560] (ii) Within groups in embodiment G, in another group of compounds when R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, then, Ar is phenyl substituted at meta or para, preferably meta position with R 5 , and R 6 is ortho or para to R 5 . [0561] (iii) Within groups in embodiment G, in another group of compounds when R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, then, Ar is heteroaryl, preferably pyridyl substituted with R 5 at carbon adjacent to ring nitrogen in the pyridyl ring, and R 6 is ortho or para to R 5 . [0562] (iv) Within groups in embodiment G, in another group of compounds when R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, then, Ar is phenyl substituted at meta and/or para with R 5 or R 6 the carbon atom of Ar attached to phenyl being position 1. Preferably, R 5 or R 6 is chloro or trifluoromethyl. [0563] (v) Within groups in embodiment G, in another group of compounds when R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, Ar is heteroaryl, preferably pyridyl or pyrimidinyl optionally substituted with R 5 —R 7 . [0564] (vi) Within groups in embodiment G, in another group of compounds when R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, then, Ar is heterocyclyl, preferably, piperidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, 2,3-dihydroindolyl. [0565] (vii) Within groups in embodiment G, in another group of compounds when R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, then, Ar is a ring of formula: [0000] Preferably, [0566] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] Embodiment H [0567] In yet another embodiment, the compound of Formula (I) as defined above has the structure (Ia) or (Ib) shown below: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0568] R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl; [0569] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, fluoro or chloro; [0570] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; [0571] Z is a bond, alkylene, or alkylene-O— wherein —O— is connected to EWG; [0572] EWG is —CO—, —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, [0000] [0000] —SO 2 — or a five membered heteroaryl ring where R′ is hydrogen or alkyl and ring A is 2-pyrrolidinyl or 3-piperidinyl, each ring optionally substituted with one or two alkyl provided that (i) when Z is a bond then EWG is 3-piperidinylcarbonyl optionally substituted with one or two alkyl; (ii) when Z is alkylene-O— then EWG is —CO— and (iii) when Z is alkylene, then ring A is not 3-piperidinylcarbonyl optionally substituted with one or two alkyl; and [0573] R c is cycloalkyl, alkyl, or substituted alkyl; provided that: [0574] when Z is [0000] [0000] then at least one of R 2 , R 3 , R 4 and R 5 is hydrogen. (note: for the groups in the definition of EWG, left side of the group is attached to Z and right side is attached to —C(CN)=R c e.g., in —NR′CO—, NR′ is attached to Z and CO is attached to) —C(CN)=R c ). [0575] (i) Within embodiment H, in one group of compound the compound of Formula (I) has structure (Ia). [0576] (ii) Within embodiment H, in another group of compounds the compound of Formula (I) has structure (Ib). [0577] (a) Within the embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] Preferably, [0578] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0579] (b) Within embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) of Embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0580] R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl, more preferably hydrogen; [0581] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, fluoro or chloro. Preferably, within groups in (b), in one group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] where R 3 is methyl, ethyl, chloro, fluoro or trifluoromethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl, chloro or fluoro, more preferably, methyl, ethyl, or chloro, even more preferably chloro or fluoro, particularly preferably fluoro. Preferably, within groups in (b), in another group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] where R 3 is alkyl or halo, preferably methyl, chloro or fluoro. Preferably, within groups in (b), in yet another group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] preferably, [0000] [0582] (c) Within embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) of Embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0583] Z is a alkylene, or alkylene-O— wherein —O— is connected to EWG; EWG is —CO—, —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, or —SO 2 — where R′ is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl. Preferably, within groups in (c), in one group of compounds is —Z-EWG- is -(alkylene)-NR′CO—, -(alkylene)-NR′SO 2 —, -(alkylene)-OCO—, or -(alkylene)-SO 2 — wherein Z is ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 —CH 2 —, or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 — and EWG is —NHCO—, —N(CH 3 )CO—, —NHSO 2 —, —N(CH 3 )SO 2 —, —SO 2 —, or —OCO—, more preferably Z is ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 —CH 2 —, or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 — and EWG is —NHCO—, —N(CH 3 )CO—, —NHSO 2 —, or —N(CH 3 )SO 2 —, even more preferably, EWG is —NHCO—. [0584] (d) Within embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) of Embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, in another group of compounds: [0585] Z is a bond or alkylene; and [0586] EWG is [0000] [0000] ring A is pyrrolidinyl or piperidinyl, each ring optionally substituted with one or two alkyl, preferably methyl. Within the groups in subpart (d), in one group of compounds —Z-EWG- is 3(R)-piperidin-1-carbonyl. Within the groups in subpart (d), in another group of compounds —Z-EWG- is 2-CH 2 -pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl, 2-CH(CH 3 )-pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl; 2-CH 2 -3,3-dimethylpyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl or 2-CH 2 -4,4-dimethylpyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl the carbon atom of the pyrrolidinyl ring attached to —CH 2 — having (R) stereochemistry. [0587] (e) Within embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) of Embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, in another group of compounds: [0588] Z is alkylene; and [0589] EWG is a five membered heteroaryl ring, preferably Z is methylene, ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 —, —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 — and Z is oxazolyl, more preferably —Z-EWG- is 2-C(CN)═CR c oxazol-5-yl. [0590] (f) Within embodiment (H) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and/or (e) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is cycloalkyl, alkyl, or substituted alkyl, preferably, isopropyl, tert-butyl or 1-dimethylamino-1-methylethyl, more preferably cyclopropyl. Embodiment I [0591] In yet another embodiment, the compound of Formula (IA) as defined above has the structure (Ic) below: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0592] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, fluoro or chloro; [0593] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; [0594] Z-EWG is: [0000] [0000] each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy; and [0595] R c is cycloalkyl, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; [0596] provided that at least one of R 3 , R 4 , R 5 and R 6 is not hydrogen, preferably one of R 3 and R 4 is not hydrogen. [0597] (a) Within the embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] Preferably, [0598] [0000] is a ring of formula: phenyl [0000] [0000] Within (a), in one group of compounds [0000] [0599] is phenyl. Within (a), in another group of compounds [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] Within (a), in yet another group of compounds [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0600] (b) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) of Embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0601] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, fluoro or chloro. Preferably, within groups in (b), in one group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] where R 3 is methyl, ethyl, chloro, fluoro or trifluoromethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl, chloro or fluoro, more preferably, methyl, ethyl, or chloro, even more preferably chloro or fluoro, particularly preferably fluoro. Preferably, within groups in (b), in another group of compounds [0000] [0602] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] where R 3 is alkyl or halo, preferably methyl, chloro or fluoro. Preferably, within groups in (b), in yet another group of compounds [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] preferably, [0000] [0603] (c) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) of Embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0604] Z-EWG is: [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy. Within the groups in subpart (c), in one group of compounds —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (R). [0605] (d) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) of Embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds: [0606] Z-EWG is: [0000] [0000] Within the groups in subpart (d), in one group of compounds [0000] —Z-EWG- is [0607] [0000] preferably [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (RS), (R) or (S); preferably (R). More preferably (S). [0608] (e) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is cycloalkyl, preferably cyclopropyl. [0609] (f) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is alkyl, preferably isopropyl or tert-butyl, more preferably isopropyl. [0610] (g) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is substituted alkyl, preferably, alkyl substituted with alkoxy or NRR′ (where R is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxyalkyl or cycloalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl), or heterocycicyl which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl, preferably R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. Within groups in (g), in one group of compounds R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 or —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 . Within groups in (g), in another group of compounds R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl. Within groups in (g), in yet another group of compounds R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 . Within groups in (g), in yet another group of compounds R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. Within groups in (g), in yet another group of compounds R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 . [0611] (h) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R c are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), preferably [0000] [0000] where n is 1-3, R d is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl, and R e is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, or isopropyl. [0612] (i) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, or alkyl), preferably [0000] [0000] where R e is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl or isopropyl. [0613] (j) Within embodiment (I) and groups contained therein, and subpart (a) and/or (b) and/or (c) and/or (d) and groups contained therein, in one group of compounds R c is 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; preferably pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, or tetrahydropyranyl, more preferably 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Embodiment (J) [0614] In further embodiments 1-100 below, the present disclosure includes: [0000] 1. A compound of Formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0615] dashed line is an optional double bond; [0616] Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are —N— or CH, provide that at least one and not more than two of Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 are simultaneously N; [0617] L is O, CO, CH 2 , S, SO, SO 2 , NR, NRCO, CONR, NR′SO 2 , SO 2 NR′, or NRCONR, where (each R and R′ is independently hydrogen or alkyl); [0618] Ar is aryl, heteroaryl, cycloalkyl or heterocyclyl; [0619] one of R 1 and R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy and the other is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), —O—, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, cycloalkylene, heteroalkylene, —(Z a ) n1 -aryl, or —(Z a ) n1 -heteroaryl (wherein n1 is 0 or 1, Z a is NRa (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), —O—, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, or heteroalkylene and aryl or heteroaryl is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from halo, alkyl, alkoxy, alkylthio, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy), EWG is a bond or an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0620] R 2 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo or haloalkyl; [0621] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; and [0622] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, cyano, —CONH 2 , amino, monosubstituted and disubstituted amino; provided that: (a) [0000] [0623] is [0000] [0000] where (i) when R c is cyclopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 OH, —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , cyclopentyl, isopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , or azetidin-3-yl, then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0624] where Z is a bond or methylene; (ii) when R c is cyclopropyl then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0625] where Z is bond or methylene, and (iii) when R c is cyclopropyl and Z is cyclohexyl, then EWG is not —NHCO— where NH is bonded to cyclohexyl, and (b) the compound of Formula (IA) is not 2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [0000] 2. The compound or salt of previous embodiment 1 wherein: [0000] [0000] is: [0000] Preferably, [0626] Preferably, [0627] Preferably, [0628] Preferably, [0629] [0000] 3. The compound or salt of previous embodiment 1 or 2 wherein L is O, S, SO, SO 2 , NR or NHCONH; preferably O, S, NH, or N(methyl), or NHCONH; 4. The compound or salt of previous embodiment 1 or 2 wherein L is O or NHCONH. 5. The compound or salt of previous embodiment 1 or 2 wherein L is O. 6. The compound or salt of previous embodiment 1 or 2 wherein L is NHCONH, NHCO, or CONH, preferably NHCONH. 7. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-6 wherein R 2 is hydrogen, methyl, fluoro, or trifluoromethyl, preferably hydrogen. 8. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-7 wherein R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, halo, haloalkyl or haloalkoxy; preferably R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, fluoro, methoxy, chloro, trifluoromethyl, or trifluoromethoxy. Preferably, R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen or fluoro. 9. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-8 wherein R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano. 10. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-9 wherein: [0630] R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 5 is hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0631] R 1 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), —O—, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, cycloalkylene, heteroalkylene, aryl or heteroaryl, [0632] EWG is an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0633] and L is O. [0000] 11. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-9 wherein: [0634] R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 1 is hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0635] R 5 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond, NR a (where R a is hydrogen or alkyl), —O—, S, SO, SO 2 , alkylene, cycloalkylene, aryl, heteroaryl, or heteroalkylene, [0636] EWG is an electron withdrawing group, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0637] and L is NHCONH, NHCO or CONN. [0000] 12. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-11 wherein Z is bond, NR a , O, or methylene and EWG is —CH(haloalkyl)-, —NR′—, —S(O 2 ), —S(O), —CO—, —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, —PO(OR′)—, [0000] [0000] heteroaryl, or aryl; wherein each R′ is independently hydrogen, alkyl, substituted alkyl, or cycloalkyl; ring A is heterocycloamino where the carbonyl and sulfonyl groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c in the definition of R 1 and R 5 in compound of Formula (I); and heterocycloamino, aryl and heteroaryl are substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl, preferably hydrogen, alkoxy, alkyl, cyano, nitro, halo, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy 13. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-12 wherein EWG is aryl or heteroaryl, preferably, EWG is selected from: [0000] [0000] each substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl. Preferably when EWG is heteroaryl wherein heteroaryl ring is six membered ring shown above, then Z is a bond, O, or NR a , preferably a bond. [0000] [0000] symbol denotes point of attachment of the ring to —Z— when Z is other than bond and directly to the rest of the molecule when Z is a bond and [0000] [0000] is bond attaching the ring to —CH═C(R b )(EWG). 14. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-12 wherein —Z-EWG- is selected from: [0000] [0638] each substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl. [0000] Preferably, —Z-EWG- is selected from: phenyl, 2-, 3-, or 4-pyridyl substituted as above. 15. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-12 wherein Z is bond, NR a , O, or methylene and EWG is [0000] [0000] where ring A is heterocycloamino where the carbonyl and sulfonyl groups are attached to —C(CN)═CHR c in the definition of R 1 and R 5 in compound of Formula (I); and heterocycloamino is substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, hydroxyl, cyano, nitro, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, alkylthio, alkylsulfonyl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl or aminosulfonyl. Preferably, ring A is pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, or piperazinyl optionally substituted with methyl, or fluoro. Preferably, Z is a bond, methylene, or O. Preferably, —Z-EWG- is: [0000] [0000] 16. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-8 and 11 wherein R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano. Preferably, R 1 is hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0639] R 5 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is bond and EWG bond, and R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl; [0640] and L is NHCONH, NHCO or CONH; and [0641] when Ar is an electron deficient π system. [0000] 17. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-12 wherein Z is bond, or alkylene and EWG -NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —. Preferably, EWG is —NHCO—. 18. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-17 wherein R c is tert-butyl, isopropyl, cyclopropyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 2-methyl-2-methylaminoethyl, 2-methyl-2-dimethylaminoethyl, or 1-methylaminocycloprop-1-ylene, or 1-dimethylaminocycloprop-1-ylene. 19. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-18 wherein the [0000] [0000] group is attached at the 4-position of the phenyl ring, the carbon atom of the phenyl ring attached to [0000] [0642] being carbon 1. [0000] 20. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-19 wherein [0000] [0000] is phenyl. 21. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 20 wherein when R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, then the phenyl ring is substituted at meta or para, preferably meta position with R 5 , and R 6 is ortho or para to R 5 . 22. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-19 wherein R 1 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, Ar is heteroaryl, preferably pyridyl substituted with R 5 at carbon adjacent to ring nitrogen in the pyridyl ring. 23. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-19 wherein R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, preferably, Ar is phenyl substituted at meta and/or para with R 5 or R 6 which are preferably chloro or trifluoromethyl, the carbon atom of Ar attached to phenyl being position 1. 24. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 1-19 wherein R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, or cyano, Ar is heteroaryl, preferably pyridyl or pyrimidinyl optionally substituted with R 5 -R 7 . 25. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 1 wherein the compound of Formula (I) has the structure: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0643] R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl; [0644] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, fluoro or chloro; [0645] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; [0646] Z is a bond, alkylene, or alkylene-O— wherein —O— is connected to EWG; [0647] EWG is —CO—, —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, [0000] [0648] —SO 2 — or a five membered heteroaryl ring where R′ is hydrogen or alkyl and ring A is 2-pyrrolidinyl or 3-piperidinyl, each ring optionally substituted with one or two alkyl provided that that (i) when Z is a bond then EWG is 3-piperidinylcarbonyl optionally substituted with one or two alkyl; (ii) when Z is alkylene-O— then EWG is —CO— and (iii) when Z is alkylene, then ring A is not 3-piperidinylcarbonyl optionally substituted with one or two alkyl; and [0649] R c is cycloalkyl, alkyl, or substituted alkyl; provided that: when Z is [0000] [0650] then at least one of R 2 , R 3 , R 4 and R 5 is hydrogen. [0000] 26. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 25 wherein the compound of Formula (I) has structure (Ia). 27. The compound of the previous embodiment 25 wherein the compound of Formula (I) has structure (Ib). 28. The comnound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-27 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 29. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-27 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 30. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25, 27, 28 and 29 wherein R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl, more preferably hydrogen; and [0651] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, fluoro or chloro. [0000] 31. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25, 27, 28 and 29 wherein R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl, more preferably hydrogen; and [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] where R 3 is methyl, ethyl, chloro, fluoro or trifluoromethyl, preferably methyl, ethyl, chloro or fluoro, more preferably, methyl, ethyl, or chloro, even more preferably chloro or fluoro, particularly preferably fluoro. 32. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25, 27, 28 and 29 wherein R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl, more preferably hydrogen; and [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] where R 3 is alkyl or halo, preferably methyl, chloro or fluoro. 32. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25, 27, 28 and 29 wherein R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl, more preferably hydrogen; and [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] preferably, [0000] [0000] 33. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-32 wherein: [0652] Z is a alkylene, or alkylene-O— wherein —O— is connected to EWG; [0653] EWG is —CO—, —NR′CO—, —NR′SO 2 —, or —SO 2 — where R′ is hydrogen or alkyl, preferably hydrogen or methyl. [0000] 34. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-32 wherein —Z-EWG- is -(alkylene)-NR′CO—, -(alkylene)-NR′SO 2 —, -(alkylene)-OCO—, or -(alkylene)-SO 2 wherein Z is ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 —CH 2 —, or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 — and EWG is —NHCO—, —N(CH 3 )CO—, —NHSO 2 —, —N(CH 3 )SO 2 —, —SO 2 —, or —OCO—. 34. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-32 wherein Z is ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 —CH 2 —, or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 — and EWG is —NHCO—, —N(CH 3 )CO—, —NHSO 2 —, or —N(CH 3 )SO 2 —, even more preferably, EWG is —NHCO—. 35. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-32 wherein Z is a bond or alkylene; and [0654] EWG is [0000] [0000] where ring A is pyrrolidinyl or piperidinyl optionally substituted with one or two alkyl, preferably methyl. 36. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 35 wherein —Z-EWG- is 2(R)-piperidin-1-carbonyl. 37. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 35 wherein —Z-EWG- is 2-CH 2 -pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl, 2-CH(CH 3 )-pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl; 2-CH 2 -3,3-dimethylpyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl or 2-CH 2 -4,4-dimethylpyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl, preferably 2-CH 2 -pyrrolidin-1-ylcarbonyl, the C-2 carbon of the pyrrolidin- 1-yl ring substituted with CH 2 having R stereochemistry. 38. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-32 wherein Z is alkylene; and EWG is a five membered heteroaryl ring, preferably Z is methylene, ethylene, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 —, or —CH 2 —C(CH 3 ) 2 — and Z is oxazolyl, more preferably —Z-EWG- is 2-C(CN)═CR c -oxazol-5-yl. 39. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 25-38 wherein R c is cycloalkyl, alkyl, or substituted alkyl, preferably, R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl or 1-dimethylamino-1-methylethyl, more preferably R c is cyclopropyl. 40. A compound of Formula (Ic) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0655] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, fluoro or chloro; [0656] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen or fluoro; [0657] Z-EWG is: [0000] [0000] each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy; and [0658] R c is cycloalkyl, alkyl, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; [0659] provided that at least one of R 3 , R 4 , R 5 and R 6 is not hydrogen, preferably one of R 3 and R 4 is not hydrogen. [0000] 41. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 40 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 42. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 40 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: phenyl, [0000] [0000] 43. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 40 wherein: [0000] [0000] is phenyl. 44. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 40 wherein: [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] 45. The compound of any of the embodiments 40-44 wherein: [0660] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, trifluoromethyl, fluoro or chloro. [0000] 46. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-44 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] where R 3 is fluoro. 47. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-46 wherein: [0661] Z-EWG is: [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from alkyl, fluoro, or hydroxy. Preferably, —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0662] where the stereochemistry at *C is (R). Preferably, —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (S). 48. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-46 wherein: [0663] Z-EWG is: [0000] Preferably, —Z-EWG- is [0664] [0000] preferably [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (RS), (R) or (S), more preferably (R). 49. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-46 wherein: [0665] Z-EWG is: [0000] Preferably, —Z-EWG- is [0666] [0000] preferably [0000] [0000] where the stereochemistry at *C is (S). 50. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-49 wherein R c is cycloalkyl, preferably cyclopropyl. 51. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-49 wherein R c is alkyl, preferably isopropyl or tert-butyl, more preferably isopropyl. 52. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-49 wherein R c is substituted alkyl, preferably, alkyl substituted with alkoxy or NRR′ (where R is hydrogen, alkyl, alkoxyalkyl or cycloalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl), or heterocycicyl which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl), more preferably R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, even more preferably —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 . 53. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-49 wherein R c is cycloalkylene(alkylene)-NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), preferably [0000] [0000] where n is 1-3, R d is hydrogen, methyl or ethyl, and R c is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, or isopropyl. 54. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-49 wherein R c is cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, or alkyl), preferably [0000] [0000] where R e is hydrogen, methyl, ethyl or isopropyl. 55. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 40-49 wherein R c is 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; preferably pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, or tetrahydropyranyl, more preferably 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 56. A compound of Formula (Id) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: [0000] [0000] wherein: [0667] Z 2 is —N— or CR 2 where R 2 is hydrogen or alkyl; [0668] R 3 and R 4 are independently hydrogen, methyl, chloro, fluoro, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, methoxy, cyano, trifluoromethyl or trifluoromethoxy; [0669] R 6 and R 7 are independently hydrogen, methyl, methoxy, fluoro, chloro, trifluoromethyl, trifluoromethoxy, or cyano; [0670] —Z-EWG- is -(alkylene)-NR′CO—, -(alkylene)-NR′SO 2 —, [0000] [0671] or [0000] [0000] each ring optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo, (preferably alkyl or halo), and the carbonyl and sulfonyl group in -(alkylene)-NR′CO—, -(alkylene)-NR′ SO 2 —, [0000] [0000] is attached to —C(CN)═CHR c ; and each R′ is independently hydrogen or alkyl; and [0672] R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e or cycloalkylene(alkylene)NR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl), or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; provided that: (a) when [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] then (i) when R c is cyclopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 OH, —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , cyclopentyl, isopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , or azetidin-3-yl, then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0673] and (ii) when R c is cyclopropyl then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0674] where the stereochemistry at *C is (R); (b) when [0000] [0000] is: [0000] [0000] where R c is cyclopropyl or tert-butyl, then —Z-EWG- is not [0000] [0000] or (c) the compound of Formula (I) is not 2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 57. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 56 wherein: [0675] R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R e are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; and [0000] [0000] is: [0000] [0000] 58. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 56 wherein R c is alkyl, haloalkoxy, substituted alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e where R d and R c are independently hydrogen, alkyl, or cycloalkyl or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro; and [0000] [0000] is [0000] [0000] 59. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-58 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 60. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-58 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] where R 3 is methyl, ethyl, chloro, fluoro, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, methoxy, trifluoromethyl or trifluoromethoxy. 61. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-58 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] 62. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-58 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 63. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-58 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] where R 3 is methyl, ethyl, chloro, fluoro, cyclopropyl, hydroxy, methoxy, trifluoromethyl or trifluoromethoxy; and [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 64. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-58 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 65. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 62 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: [0000] [0000] 66. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 63 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: phenyl or [0000] [0000] 67. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 64 wherein: [0000] [0000] is a ring of formula: phenyl or [0000] [0000] 68. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-60 and 62 wherein: [0676] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); and [0677] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. Preferably, R c is alkyl substituted with heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. [0000] 69. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 68 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 70. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 63, 65 and 66 wherein: [0678] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); and [0679] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 71. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 70 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 72. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 69 and 71 where R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 73. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 61, 64 and 67 wherein: [0680] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); and [0681] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 74. The compound or salt of thye previous embodiment 73 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. 75. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 60 and 62 wherein: [0682] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); and [0683] R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. [0000] 76. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 75 wherein R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 77. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 63, 65 and 66 wherein: [0684] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); and [0685] R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl. [0000] 78. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 77 wherein R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 79. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 61, 64 and 67 wherein: [0686] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); and [0687] R c is alkyl substituted with —NRR′ (where each R is hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen) or heterocycloamino which is attached to alkyl via nitrogen ring atom and is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl; and [0688] the stereochemistry at *C is (R). [0000] 80. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 79 wherein R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 81. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiment 76, 78, or 80 wherein R c is —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 82. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-60 and 62 wherein: [0689] —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); [0690] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 83. The compound of any of the previous embodiments 63, 65 and 70 wherein: [0691] —Z-EWG- is —Z-EWG- is [0000] [0000] which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); [0692] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 84. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 61, 64 and 67 wherein: [0693] —Z-EWG- is —Z-EWG- [0000] [0000] is which is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, or halo (preferably alkyl or halo, more preferably is unsubstituted); [0694] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is hydrogen or alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 85. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 83 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is isopropyl or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 86. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 84 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl, cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl. Preferably, R c is isopropyl or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 87. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 56-60 and 62 wherein: [0695] —Z-EWG- is —CH 2 *CH(CH 3 )NHCO— where the stereochemistry at *C is (S), RS or (R); and [0696] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 88. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 63, 65 and 66 wherein: [0697] —Z-EWG- is —CH 2 *CH(CH 3 )NHCO— where the stereochemistry at *C is (S), RS or (R); and [0698] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 89. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 61, 64 and 67 wherein: [0699] —Z-EWG- is —CH 2 *CH(CH 3 )NHCO— where the stereochemistry at *C is (S), RS or (R); and [0700] R c is alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkyleneNR d R e (where R d and R e are independently hydrogen or alkyl), alkyl substituted with hydroxy, alkoxy, —NRR′ (where each R is alkyl, cycloalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkoxyalkyl and R′ is alkyl) or heterocycloamino which is optionally substituted with one or two groups independently selected from alkyl or hydroxyl, or 3 to 6 membered saturated monocyclic heterocyclyl containing one or two heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S and optionally substituted with one or two substituents selected from hydroxy, alkyl or fluoro. [0000] 90. The compound or salt of any of the previous embodiments 87-89 wherein R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 OCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 N(CH 3 ) 2 , cyclopropyl, 2-pyrrolidinyl, 3- or 4-piperidinyl, 1-methylpiperidin-4-yl, 1-methylpiperidin-3-yl, or 4-tetrahydropyranyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. 91. The compound or salt of the previous embodiment 90 wherein: [0701] R c is isopropyl, tert-butyl, cyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 2 CH 3 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH(CH 3 ) 2 , —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHcyclopropyl, —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH(CH 2 ) 2 OCH 3 , or —C(CH 3 ) 2 -morpholine-4-yl. [0000] 92. A compound selected from the group: (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile; (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; or (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2,3-difluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile; [0714] or a mixture of R and S isomers; [0715] or an individual (E) or (Z) isomer thereof; [0000] or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. 93. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound or salt of any of the embodiments 1-92, and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient 94. A method of treating a disease treatable by inhibition of a kinase in a patient which method comprises administering to the patient in need thereof, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound or salt of any of the embodiments 1-93 and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. 95. The method of embodiment 94 wherein the kinase is BTK. 96. The method of any of the embodiment 94 or 95 wherein the disease is an inflammatory disease or cancer and the compound or salt of embodiment 1-92 is administered optionally in combination with one or more anticancer or anti-inflammatory agent. 97. Compound or salt of any of the embodiments 1-92 for use as a medicament, 98. Compound or salt of embodiment 97 wherein the use is for treating a disease treatable by inhibition of a kinase in a patient. 99. Compound or salt of embodiment 97 or 98 wherein the use is treating a disease treatable by inhibition of BTK. 100. Compound of embodiment 98 or 99 wherein the use is treating an inflammatory disease or cancer and the compound of is administered optionally in combination with one or more anticancer or anti-inflammatory agent. General Synthetic Scheme [0716] Compounds of this disclosure can be made by the methods depicted in the reaction schemes shown below. [0717] The starting materials and reagents used in preparing these compounds are either available from commercial suppliers such as Aldrich Chemical Co., (Milwaukee, Wis.), Bachem (Torrance, Calif.), or Sigma (St. Louis, Mo.) or are prepared by methods known to those skilled in the art following procedures set forth in references such as Fieser and Fieser's Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Volumes 1-17 (John Wiley and Sons, 1991); Rodd's Chemistry of Carbon Compounds, Volumes 1-5 and Supplementals (Elsevier Science Publishers, 1989); Organic Reactions, Volumes 1-40 (John Wiley and Sons, 1991), March's Advanced Organic Chemistry, (John Wiley and Sons, 4th Edition) and Larock's Comprehensive Organic Transformations (VCH Publishers Inc., 1989). These schemes are merely illustrative of some methods by which the compounds of this disclosure can be synthesized, and various modifications to these schemes can be made and will be suggested to one skilled in the art having referred to this disclosure. The starting materials and the intermediates, and the final products of the reaction may be isolated and purified if desired using conventional techniques, including but not limited to filtration, distillation, crystallization, chromatography and the like. Such materials may be characterized using conventional means, including physical constants and spectral data. [0718] Unless specified to the contrary, the reactions described herein take place at atmospheric pressure over a temperature range from about −78° C. to about 150° C., more preferably from about 0° C. to about 125° C. and most preferably at about room (or ambient) temperature, e.g., about 20° C. [0719] Compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where Z 1 is nitrogen, Z 2 is carbon or nitrogen and Z 3 is carbon Ar, R 1 , R 3 , R 4 , R 6 , R 7 , K and L, Ar are as defined above and R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy can be prepared as illustrated and described in Scheme A below. [0000] [0720] Coupling of an iodo compound of formula 1 where with a boronic acid compound of formula 2 or boronate esters thereof. Ar, R 1 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , L, and Ar are as defined above under Suzuki coupling reaction conditions provides a compound of formula 3. The Suzuki coupling reaction can be carried out in organic solvents (such as toluene, benzene, N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), tetrahydrofuran, methanol, ethanol, acetonitrile, dimethoxyethane, acetone and the like) or water in the presence of base (such as sodium ethylate, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, triethylamine, and the like) and a palladium catalyst (such as tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium, dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)palladium, palladium acetate, and the like). The reaction is carried out at room temperature to 120° C. Compounds of formula 1 are either commercially available or can be readily prepared by methods well known in the art. [0721] Treatment of a compound of formula 3 with a compound of formula R 1 -LG where LG is a suitable leaving group such as halo, tosylate, mesylate, triflate, and the like provides a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I). The alkylation or arylation reaction is typically carried out in the presence of a base such as sodium hydride or potassium tert-butoxide, potassium carbonate, and the like, and a catalyst such as 18-crown-6 in a suitable solvent such as N-methylpyrolidone, dimethylformamide, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, and the like. [0722] It will be recognized by a person skilled in the art that precursors to R 1 group can be substituted at any step in the synthetic procedure illustrated in Scheme A above and converted to R 1 group as defined above at alternate stages in the synthetic process based on feasibility of the transformations. Some such examples are described below: [0723] Substitution of precursors to R 1 in the synthesis of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) when R 1 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is a bond or alkylene and EWG is N-carbonylheterocycloamino is illustrated and described in Method (a) below. Method (a): [0724] [0725] Treatment of a N-protected heterocycloamino R 1 precursor compound (Suitable nitrogen protecting groups (PG) include t-butyloxycarbonyl (BOC), carbobenzyloxy (Cbz), or 2-trimethylsilyl-ethoxymethyl (SEM)) bearing an alcohol with a compound of formula 3 under Mitsunobu reaction conditions provides a compound of formula 10 where Ar, R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , L, Ar, and Z 2 are as defined above. Removal of the amino protecting group can be effected using strong acid (TFA or HCL in the case of a Boc group, hydrogenolysis in the case of Cbz, or fluoride anion to remove the SEM), to provide the amine of formula 11. Coupling of compound of formula 11 with a compound of formula CNCH 2 CO 2 H such as 2-cyanoacetic acid or 2-trifluoromethylacetic acid, under standard amide coupling conditions such as carbon diimidazole (CDI) and the like or an acid derivative thereof provides a compound of formula 12. Subsequent condensation of a compound of formula 12 with aldehydes of formula R c CHO where R c is as defined above under standard condensation reaction conditions such as using a base such as piperidine and the like, in the presence or absence of acetic acid and the like in solvents such as ethanol and the like at temperatures ranging from room temperature to reflux then provides a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I). Aldehydes of formula R c CHO are either commercially available or they can be prepared by methods know in the art. For example tert-butylaldehyde, isopropylaldehyde and cyclopropylaldehyde are commerically available. Compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where R c —C(CH 3 ) 2 NH 2 , and —C(CH 3 ) 2 NHCH 3 can be prepared by reacting a compound of formula 12 with an aldehyde of formula BocNHC(CH 3 ) 2 CHO and BocN(CH 3 )C(CH 3 ) 2 CHO respectively, followed by removal of the Boc group. Aldehydes of formula BocNHC(CH 3 ) 2 CHO can be prepared as shown below: [0000] [0726] Treatment of 2-amino-2-methylpropan-1-ol with (Boc) 2 O in the presence of organic amine provides the corresponding 2-BocNH-2-methylpropan-1-ol which upon reaction with a suitable oxidizing agent provide the desired aldehyde of formula 2-BocNH-2-methylpropanaldehyde. [0727] Aldehydes of formula BocN(CH 3 )C(CH 3 ) 2 CHO can be prepared as shown below: [0000] [0728] Treatment of 2-amino-2-methylpropanoic with (Boc) 2 O in the presence of organic amine provides the corresponding 2-BocNH-2-methylpropanoic which upon reaction with an alkylating agent such as methyl iodide in the presence of sodium hydride provide 2-BocN(CH 3 )-2-methylpropanoic ester. Reduction of the ester group in BocN(CH 3 )-2-methylpropanoic ester with a suitable reducing agent provides the corresponding alcohol which is then covered to the desired aldehyde as described previously. [0729] It will recognized by a person of ordinary skill in the art that the EWG moiety can be assembled at multiple points throughout the synthetic scheme and standard protecting group (PG) strategies can be employed as required. [0730] Compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where Z 1 and Z 3 are nitrogen and Z 2 is carbon, Ar, R 1 , R 3 , R 4 , R 6 , R 7 , and L, Ar are as defined above and R 5 is hydrogen, alkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy can be prepared as illustrated and described in Scheme B below. [0000] [0731] Cross coupling (Suzuki) of a compound of formula 13 (available commercially) with an appropriately substituted boronic acid or boronate esters of formula 13 (as described in Scheme A) provides a compound of formula 15 where R 1 is as defined above. Halogenation of compound 15 with a suitable halogenating agent such as N-bromosuccinamide, bromine, and the like, in an organic solvent (such as DMF, dichloromethane, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, acetic acid, water and the like) at temperatures ranging from −78° C. to reflux temperature provides a compound of formula 16. Compound 16 is then coupled with a compound of formula 17 under Suzuki coupling reaction conditions to provide a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where Ar, R 1 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , L, and Ar are as defined above. [0732] It will be recognized by a person skilled in the art that precursors to R 1 can be substituted at any step in Scheme 2 above where R 1 exists and converted to R 1 at alternate stages in the synthetic process based on feasibility of the transformations. Some such transformations are described below: [0733] Substitution of precursors to R 1 in the synthesis of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) when R 1 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is a bond and EWG is N-heterocycloaminocarbonyl is illustrated and described in method (b) below. The EWG moiety can be assembled at multiple points in the synthetic scheme. Standard protecting group (PG) strategies employed by those skilled in the art can be employed as required. Method (b): [0734] [0735] Treatment of compound 13 with trimethylsilyl chloride in solvents such as tetrahydrofuran (THF) at temperatures ranging from 0° C. to room temperature prior to treatment by a Grignard reaction (for example by treatment with isopropyl magnesium chloride in THF at temperatures ranging from 0° C. to room temperature) and subsequent addition of R 1 precursor compound of formula 23 bearing a ketone moiety where PG is a suitable protecting group such as tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc), benzyl (Bn) or 2-trimethylsilyl-ethoxymethyl (SEM)), provides a compound of formula 24 which is converted to a compound of formula 25 under dehydration reaction conditions e.g., treatment of compound 24 with acids such as trifluoroacetic anhydride or trifluoroacetic acid, and the like, in solvents such as pyridine, toluene, methanol, and the like and temperatures ranging from −20° C. to reflux. Reduction of the double bond in the compound of formula 25 with a suitable hydrogenation reaction conditions e.g., with platinum oxide or palladium hydroxide or palladium on carbon in alcoholic solvents such as methanol or ethanol, and the like in the presence or absence of acetic acid and under a hydrogen atmosphere provides a compound of formula 26. [0736] Halogenation of a compound of formula 26 with a suitable halogenating agent as described in scheme B above provides a compound of formula 27 which can then be converted to a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) as described in method a above. [0737] Compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where Z 1 and Z 2 are nitrogen and Z 3 is carbon and R 1 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , L, and Ar are as defined above can be prepared as illustrated and described in Scheme C below. [0000] [0738] Reaction of a hydrazine compound of formula 1 where R 1 is as defined above with ethoxymethylene malonitrile in a suitable organic solvent such as ethanol and the like and at temperatures from 0° C. to reflux provide a compound of formula 30. Compound of formula 1 that are either commercially available or readily synthesized by methods that are well known in the art. [0739] Treatment of compound 30 with formamide or formamidine in the absence of solvent or in solvents such as ethanol and the like at temperatures from room temperature to 200° C. provides a compound of formula 31. Halogenation of 31 under halogenating conditions described above provides the compound of formula 32 which can then be converted to a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) as described in Scheme A above. [0740] It will be recognized by a person skilled in the art that precursors to group R 1 can be substituted at any step in Scheme C above where R 1 exists and then converted to R 1 at alternate stages in the synthetic process based on feasibility of the transformations. Some such transformations are described below: [0741] Substitution of precursors to R 1 in the synthesis of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) when R 1 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is a bond and EWG is N-carbonylheterocycloamino is illustrated and described in method (c) below. The EWG moiety can be assembled at multiple points in the synthetic scheme. Standard protecting group (PG) strategies employed by those skilled in the art can be employed as required. Method (c): [0742] [0743] Substituting compound of formula 33 where Z is a bond or alkylene and where PG is a suitable nitrogen protecting group such as tert-butoxycarbonyl (Boc), benzyl (Bn) or 2-trimethylsilyl-ethoxymethyl (SEM)) with a compound of formula 44 followed by steps 2-5 in Method (g) above provides a compound of formula 46. Removal of the amine protecting group under standard conditions such as HCl in ethyl acetate or trifluoroacetic acid in dichloromethane at 0° C. to reflux for BOC and catalytic hydrogenation in ethyl alcohol for CBZ, provides a compound 46a that can then be converted to a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) by methods previously described in Method a. [0744] Compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where Z 1 is nitrogen and Z 2 and Z 3 are carbon and R 1 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 , L, and Ar are as defined above can be prepared as illustrated and described in Scheme D below. [0000] [0745] Alkylation of a compound of the formula R 1 NH 2 where R 1 is as defined above with a compound of formula 47 under standard alkylation reaction conditions (e.g., reacting in the presence of a base such as sodium hydride or potassium tert-butoxide, potassium carbonate, and the like, and a catalyst such as 18-crown-6 in a suitable solvent such as N-methylpyrolidone, dimethylformamide, tetrahydrofuran, toluene and the like) provides a compound of formula 48. Reaction of compound 48 with malonitrile and a base such as potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, and the like in a suitable solvent such as methanol or ethanol and the like at temperatures from 0° C. to reflux provides a compound of formula 49 which is then converted to a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) as described in Scheme C above. [0746] As discussed previously, it will be recognized by a person skilled in the art that precursors to group R 1 can be substituted at any step in Scheme D above where R 1 exists and then converted to R 1 at alternate stages in the synthetic process based on feasibility of the transformations. For example, an amine of formula [0000] [0000] can be used instead of R 1 NH 2 in Scheme D above to give a compound of [0000] [0000] respectively, which is then converted to a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) where R 1 is -(heterocycloamino)-C(CN)═CHR c following the procedures described above. [0747] Substitution of precursors to R 1 in the synthesis of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) when R 1 is —Z-(EWG)-C(CN)═CHR c where Z is heteroalkylene or aryl and EWG is —NR′CO— is illustrated and described in Scheme E below. [0000] [0748] Treatment of a R 1 precursor containing hydrazines of formula 50 where Z is heteroalkylene or aryl and EWG is —NR′CO— and R 3 -R 7 , L and Ar defined above with ethoxymethylene malonitrile as described in Scheme C provides a compound of formula 51 which is converted to a compound of formula 53 as described in Scheme C. Coupling of a bromo compound of formula 53 with a boronic acid compound or boronate esters thereof of formula 17 under Suzuki coupling reaction conditions as described in Scheme A provides a compound of formula 54. Reduction of nitro substituent of compound 54 may be accomplished by treatment with a reducing agent such as zinc powder and the like in a suitable solvent such as acetic acid and the like, or by catalytic hydrogenation to provide a compound of formula 55. Coupling of compounds of formula 55 with a compound of formula CNCH 2 CO 2 H such as 2-cyanoacetic acid or 2-trifluoromethylacetic acid, under standard amide coupling conditions such as carbon diimidazole (CDI) and the like or an acid derivative thereof provides a compound of formula 56. Subsequent condensation of a compound of formula 56 with aldehydes of formula R c CHO where R c is as defined above e.g., t-butyl or cyclopropyl aldehyde, under standard condensation reaction conditions such as using a base such as piperidine and the like, in the presence or absence of acetic acid and the like in solvents such as ethanol and the like at temperatures ranging from room temperature to reflux then provides a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I). It will recognized by a person of ordinary skill in the art that the EWG′ moiety can be assembled at multiple points throughout the synthetic scheme and standard protecting group (PG) strategies can be employed as required. Utility [0749] The compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) are tyrosine kinase inhibitors, in particular BTK and hence are useful in the treatment of autoimmune disease, e.g., inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, Still's disease, juvenile arthritis, diabetes, myasthenia gravis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Ord's thyroiditis, Graves' disease, Sjogren's syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Addison's disease, opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome, ankylosing spondylitisis, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, aplastic anemia, autoimmune hepatitis, coeliac disease, Goodpasture's syndrome, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, optic neuritis, scleroderma, primary biliary cirrhosis, Reiter's syndrome, Takayasu's arteritis, temporal arteritis, warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, Wegener's granulomatosis, psoriasis, alopecia universalis, Behcet's disease, chronic fatigue, dysautonomia, endometriosis, interstitial cystitis, neuromyotonia, scleroderma, or vulvodynia. [0750] The compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) are also useful in the treatment of In another embodiment of this aspect, the patient in need is suffering from a heteroimmune condition or disease, e.g., graft versus host disease, transplantation, transfusion, anaphylaxis, allergy, type I hypersensitivity, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, or atopic dermatitis. [0751] In another embodiment of this aspect, the patient in need is suffering from an inflammatory disease, e.g., asthma, appendicitis, blepharitis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bursitis, cervicitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis, colitis, conjunctivitis, cystitis, dacryoadenitis, dermatitis, dermatomyositis, encephalitis, endocarditis, endometritis, enteritis, enterocolitis, epicondylitis, epididymitis, fasciitis, fibrositis, gastritis, gastroenteritis, hepatitis, hidradenitis suppurativa, laryngitis, mastitis, meningitis, myelitis myocarditis, myositis, nephritis, oophoritis, orchitis, osteitis, otitis, pancreatitis, parotitis, pericarditis, peritonitis, pharyngitis, pleuritis, phlebitis, pneumonitis, pneumonia, proctitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, rhinitis, salpingitis, sinusitis, stomatitis, synovitis, tendonitis, tonsillitis, uveitis, vaginitis, vasculitis, or vulvitis. [0752] In another embodiment of this aspect, the patient is suffering from inflammatory skin disease which includes, by way of example, dermatitis, contact dermatitis, eczema, urticaria, rosacea, and scarring psoriatic lesions in the skin, joints, or other tissues or organs. [0753] In yet another embodiment of this aspect, the subject in need is suffering from a cancer. In one embodiment, the cancer is a B-cell proliferative disorder, e.g., diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, lymphoplamascytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, splenic marginal zone lymphoma, plasma cell myeloma, plasmacytoma, extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, mediastinal (thymic) large B cell lymphoma, intravascular large B cell lymphoma, primary effusion lymphoma, burkitt lymphoma/leukemia, or lymphomatoid granulomatosis. In some embodiments, the compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) is administered in combination with another an anti-cancer agent e.g., the anti-cancer agent is an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling, e.g., U0126, PD98059, PD184352, PD0325901, ARRY-142886, SB239063, SP600125, BAY 43-9006, wortmannin, or LY294002. [0754] In yet another embodiment, the patient in need is suffering from a thromboembolic disorder, e.g., myocardial infarct, angina pectoris, reocclusion after angioplasty, restenosis after angioplasty, reocclusion after aortocoronary bypass, restenosis after aortocoronary bypass, stroke, transitory ischemia, a peripheral arterial occlusive disorder, pulmonary embolism, or deep venous thrombosis. [0755] In a fourth aspect, the disclosure is directed to use of compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) (and any embodiments thereof described herein) for use as a medicament. In one embodiment, the use of compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) is for treating inflammatory disease or proliferative diseases. [0756] In a fifth aspect is the use of a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) in the manufacture of a medicament for treating an inflammatory disease in a patient in which the activity of BTK or other tyrosine kinases contributes to the pathology and/or symptoms of the disease. In one embodiment of this aspect, the tyrosine kinase protein is BTK. In another embodiment of this aspect, the inflammatory disease is respiratory, cardiovascular, or proliferative diseases. [0757] In any of the aforementioned aspects involving the treatment of proliferative disorders, including cancer, are further embodiments comprising administering the compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) in combination with at least one additional agent selected from the group consisting of alemtuzumab, arsenic trioxide, asparaginase (pegylated or non-), bevacizumab, cetuximab, platinum-based compounds such as cisplatin, cladribine, daunorubicin/doxorubicin/idarubicin, irinotecan, fludarabine, 5-fluorouracil, gemtuzamab, methotrexate, paclitaxel, Taxol™, temozolomide, thioguanine, or classes of drugs including hormones (an antiestrogen, an antiandrogen, or gonadotropin releasing hormone analogues, interferons such as alpha interferon, nitrogen mustards such as busulfan or melphalan or mechlorethamine, retinoids such as tretinoin, topoisomerase inhibitors such as irinotecan or topotecan, tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as gefinitinib or imatinib, or agents to treat signs or symptoms induced by such therapy including allopurinol, filgrastim, granisetron/ondansetron/palonosetron, dronabinol. When combination therapy is used, the agents can be administered simultaneously or sequentially. Testing [0758] The kinase inhibitory activity of the compounds of the present disclosure can be tested using the in vitro and in vivo assays described in Biological Examples 1-6 below. The ability of the compound of the disclosure to form reversible covalent bond with a cysteine residue of a kinase, preferably Cys481 of BTK (UniprotKB Sequence ID Q06187), can be determined by the assays described in Examples 8-11 below. Administration and Pharmaceutical Composition [0759] In general, the compounds of this disclosure will be administered in a therapeutically effective amount by any of the accepted modes of administration for agents that serve similar utilities. Therapeutically effective amounts of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) may range from about 0.01 to about 500 mg per kg patient body weight per day, which can be administered in single or multiple doses. Preferably, the dosage level will be about 0.1 to about 250 mg/kg per day; more preferably about 0.5 to about 100 mg/kg per day. A suitable dosage level may be about 0.01 to about 250 mg/kg per day, about 0.05 to about 100 mg/kg per day, or about 0.1 to about 50 mg/kg per day. Within this range the dosage can be about 0.05 to about 0.5, about 0.5 to about 5 or about 5 to about 50 mg/kg per day. For oral administration, the compositions are preferably provided in the form of tablets containing about 1.0 to about 1000 milligrams of the active ingredient, particularly about 1.0, 5.0, 10, 15, 20, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500, 600, 750, 800, 900, and 1000 milligrams of the active ingredient. The actual amount of the compound of this disclosure, i.e., the active ingredient, will depend upon numerous factors such as the severity of the disease to be treated, the age and relative health of the subject, the potency of the compound being utilized, the route and form of administration, and other factors. [0760] In general, compounds of this disclosure will be administered as pharmaceutical compositions by any one of the following routes: oral, systemic (e.g., transdermal, intranasal or by suppository), or parenteral (e.g., intramuscular, intravenous or subcutaneous) administration. The preferred manner of administration is oral using a convenient daily dosage regimen, which can be adjusted according to the degree of affliction. Compositions can take the form of tablets, pills, capsules, semisolids, powders, sustained release formulations, solutions, suspensions, elixirs, aerosols, or any other appropriate compositions. [0761] The choice of formulation depends on various factors such as the mode of drug administration (e.g., for oral administration, formulations in the form of tablets, pills or capsules are preferred) and the bioavailability of the drug substance. Recently, pharmaceutical formulations have been developed especially for drugs that show poor bioavailability based upon the principle that bioavailability can be increased by increasing the surface area i.e., decreasing particle size. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,107,288 describes a pharmaceutical formulation having particles in the size range from 10 to 1,000 nm in which the active material is supported on a crosslinked matrix of macromolecules. U.S. Pat. No. 5,145,684 describes the production of a pharmaceutical formulation in which the drug substance is pulverized to nanoparticles (average particle size of 400 nm) in the presence of a surface modifier and then dispersed in a liquid medium to give a pharmaceutical formulation that exhibits remarkably high bioavailability. [0762] The compositions are comprised of in general, a compound of formula (IA), (I′) or (I) in combination with at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. Acceptable excipients are non-toxic, aid administration, and do not adversely affect the therapeutic benefit of the compound of formula (IA), (I′) or (I). Such excipient may be any solid, liquid, semi-solid or, in the case of an aerosol composition, gaseous excipient that is generally available to one of skill in the art. [0763] Solid pharmaceutical excipients include starch, cellulose, talc, glucose, lactose, sucrose, gelatin, malt, rice, flour, chalk, silica gel, magnesium stearate, sodium stearate, glycerol monostearate, sodium chloride, dried skim milk and the like. Liquid and semisolid excipients may be selected from glycerol, propylene glycol, water, ethanol and various oils, including those of petroleum, animal, vegetable or synthetic origin, e g, peanut oil, soybean oil, mineral oil, sesame oil, etc. Preferred liquid carriers, particularly for injectable solutions, include water, saline, aqueous dextrose, and glycols. [0764] Compressed gases may be used to disperse a compound of this disclosure in aerosol form. Inert gases suitable for this purpose are nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc. [0765] Other suitable pharmaceutical excipients and their formulations are described in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, edited by E. W. Martin (Mack Publishing Company, 20th ed., 2000). [0766] The level of the compound in a formulation can vary within the full range employed by those skilled in the art. Typically, the formulation will contain, on a weight percent (wt %) basis, from about 0.01-99.99 wt % of a compound of formula (IA), (I′) or (I) based on the total formulation, with the balance being one or more suitable pharmaceutical excipients. Preferably, the compound is present at a level of about 1-80 wt %. [0767] The compounds of the present disclosure may be used in combination with one or more other drugs in the treatment of diseases or conditions for which compounds of the present disclosure or the other drugs may have utility, where the combination of the drugs together are safer or more effective than either drug alone. Such other drug(s) may be administered, by a route and in an amount commonly used therefore, contemporaneously or sequentially with a compound of the present disclosure. When a compound of the present disclosure is used contemporaneously with one or more other drugs, a pharmaceutical composition in unit dosage form containing such other drugs and the compound of the present disclosure is preferred. However, the combination therapy may also include therapies in which the compound of the present disclosure and one or more other drugs are administered on different overlapping schedules. It is also contemplated that when used in combination with one or more other active ingredients, the compounds of the present disclosure and the other active ingredients may be used in lower doses than when each is used singly. [0768] Accordingly, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure also include those that contain one or more other active ingredients, in addition to a compound of the present disclosure. [0769] The above combinations include combinations of a compound of the present disclosure not only with one other active compound, but also with two or more other active compounds. Likewise, compounds of the present disclosure may be used in combination with other drugs that are used in the prevention, treatment, control, amelioration, or reduction of risk of the diseases or conditions for which compounds of the present disclosure are useful. Such other drugs may be administered, by a route and in an amount commonly used therefore, contemporaneously or sequentially with a compound of the present disclosure. When a compound of the present disclosure is used contemporaneously with one or more other drugs, a pharmaceutical composition containing such other drugs in addition to the compound of the present disclosure is preferred. Accordingly, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present disclosure also include those that also contain one or more other active ingredients, in addition to a compound of the present disclosure. The weight ratio of the compound of the present disclosure to the second active ingredient may be varied and will depend upon the effective dose of each ingredient. Generally, an effective dose of each will be used. [0770] Where the subject is suffering from or at risk of suffering from an autoimmune disease, an inflammatory disease, or an allergy disease, a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) can be used in with one or more of the following therapeutic agents in any combination: immunosuppressants (e.g., tacrolimus, cyclosporin, rapamicin, methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, mercaptopurine, mycophenolate, or FTY720), glucocorticoids (e.g., prednisone, cortisone acetate, prednisolone, methylprednisolone, dexamethasone, betamethasone, triamcinolone, beclometasone, fludrocortisone acetate, deoxycorticosterone acetate, aldosterone), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., salicylates, arylalkanoic acids, 2-arylpropionic acids, N-arylanthranilic acids, oxicams, coxibs, or sulphonanilides), Cox-2-specific inhibitors (e.g., valdecoxib, celecoxib, or rofecoxib), leflunomide, gold thioglucose, gold thiomalate, aurofin, sulfasalazine, hydroxychloroquinine, minocycline, TNF-.alpha. binding proteins (e.g., infliximab, etanercept, or adalimumab), abatacept, anakinra, interferon-.beta., interferon-.gamma., interleukin-2, allergy vaccines, antihistamines, antileukotrienes, beta-agonists, theophylline, or anticholinergics. [0771] Where the subject is suffering from or at risk of suffering from a B-cell proliferative disorder (e.g., plasma cell myeloma), the subject can be treated with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) in any combination with one or more other anti-cancer agents. In some embodiments, one or more of the anti-cancer agents are proapoptotic agents. Examples of anti-cancer agents include, but are not limited to, any of the following: gossyphol, genasense, polyphenol E, Chlorofusin, all trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), bryostatin, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine, all trans retinoic acid, doxorubicin, vincristine, etoposide, gemcitabine, imatinib (Gleevec™), geldanamycin, 17-N-Allylamino-17-Demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), flavopiridol, LY294002, bortezomib, trastuzumab, BAY 11-7082, PKC412, or PD184352, Taxol™, also referred to as “paclitaxel”, which is a well-known anti-cancer drug which acts by enhancing and stabilizing microtubule formation, and analogs of Taxol™, such as Taxotere™. Compounds that have the basic taxane skeleton as a common structure feature, have also been shown to have the ability to arrest cells in the G2-M phases due to stabilized microtubules and may be useful for treating cancer in combination with the compounds described herein. [0772] Further examples of anti-cancer agents for use in combination with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling, e.g., U0126, PD98059, PD184352, PD0325901, ARRY-142886, SB239063, SP600125, BAY 43-9006, wortmannin, or LY294002; Syk inhibitors; mTOR inhibitors; and antibodies (e.g., rituxan). [0773] Other anti-cancer agents that can be employed in combination with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include Adriamycin, Dactinomycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, Cisplatin, acivicin; aclarubicin; acodazole hydrochloride; acronine; adozelesin; aldesleukin; altretamine; ambomycin; ametantrone acetate; aminoglutethimide; amsacrine; anastrozole; anthramycin; asparaginase; asperlin; azacitidine; azetepa; azotomycin; batimastat; benzodepa; bicalutamide; bisantrene hydrochloride; bisnafide dimesylate; bizelesin; bleomycin sulfate; brequinar sodium; bropirimine; busulfan; cactinomycin; calusterone; caracemide; carbetimer; carboplatin; carmustine; carubicin hydrochloride; carzelesin; cedefingol; chlorambucil; cirolemycin; cladribine; crisnatol mesylate; cyclophosphamide; cytarabine; dacarbazine; daunorubicin hydrochloride; decitabine; dexormaplatin; dezaguanine; dezaguanine mesylate; diaziquone; doxorubicin; doxorubicin hydrochloride; droloxifene; droloxifene citrate; dromostanolone propionate; duazomycin; edatrexate; eflornithine hydrochloride; elsamitrucin; enloplatin; enpromate; epipropidine; epirubicin hydrochloride; erbulozole; esorubicin hydrochloride; estramustine; estramustine phosphate sodium; etanidazole; etoposide; etoposide phosphate; etoprine; fadrozole hydrochloride; fazarabine; fenretinide; floxuridine; fludarabine phosphate; fluorouracil; fluorocitabine; fosquidone; fostriecin sodium; gemcitabine; gemcitabine hydrochloride; hydroxyurea; idarubicin hydrochloride; ifosfamide; ilmofosine; interleukin II (including recombinant interleukin II, or rIL2), interferon alfa-2a; interferon alfa-2b; interferon alfa-n1; interferon alfa-n3; interferon beta-1a; interferon gamma-1b; iproplatin; irinotecan hydrochloride; lanreotide acetate; letrozole; leuprolide acetate; liarozole hydrochloride; lometrexol sodium; lomustine; losoxantrone hydrochloride; masoprocol; maytansine; mechlorethamine hydrochloride; megestrol acetate; melengestrol acetate; melphalan; menogaril; mercaptopurine; methotrexate; methotrexate sodium; metoprine; meturedepa; mitindomide; mitocarcin; mitocromin; mitogillin; mitomalcin; mitomycin; mitosper; mitotane; mitoxantrone hydrochloride; mycophenolic acid; nocodazole; nogalamycin; ormaplatin; oxisuran; pegaspargase; peliomycin; pentamustine; peplomycin sulfate; perfosfamide; pipobroman; piposulfan; piroxantrone hydrochloride; plicamycin; plomestane; porfimer sodium; porfiromycin; prednimustine; procarbazine hydrochloride; puromycin; puromycin hydrochloride; pyrazofurin; riboprine; rogletimide; safingol; safingol hydrochloride; semustine; simtrazene; sparfosate sodium; sparsomycin; spirogermanium hydrochloride; spiromustine; spiroplatin; streptonigrin; streptozocin; sulofenur; talisomycin; tecogalan sodium; tegafur; teloxantrone hydrochloride; temoporfin; teniposide; teroxirone; testolactone; thiamiprine; thioguanine; thiotepa; tiazofurin; tirapazamine; toremifene citrate; trestolone acetate; triciribine phosphate; trimetrexate; trimetrexate glucuronate; triptorelin; tubulozole hydrochloride; uracil mustard; uredepa; vapreotide; verteporfin; vinblastine sulfate; vincristine sulfate; vindesine; vindesine sulfate; vinepidine sulfate; vinglycinate sulfate; vinleurosine sulfate; vinorelbine tartrate; vinrosidine sulfate; vinzolidine sulfate; vorozole; zeniplatin; zinostatin; zorubicin hydrochloride. [0774] Other anti-cancer agents that can be employed in combination with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include: 20-epi-1, 25 dihydroxyvitamin D3; 5-ethynyluracil; abiraterone; aclarubicin; acylfulvene; adecypenol; adozelesin; aldesleukin; ALL-TK antagonists; altretamine; ambamustine; amidox; amifostine; aminolevulinic acid; amrubicin; amsacrine; anagrelide; anastrozole; andrographolide; angiogenesis inhibitors; antagonist D; antagonist G; antarelix; anti-dorsalizing morphogenetic protein-1; antiandrogen, prostatic carcinoma; antiestrogen; antineoplaston; antisense oligonucleotides; aphidicolin glycinate; apoptosis gene modulators; apoptosis regulators; apurinic acid; ara-CDP-DL-PTBA; arginine deaminase; asulacrine; atamestane; atrimustine; axinastatin 1; axinastatin 2; axinastatin 3; azasetron; azatoxin; azatyrosine; baccatin III derivatives; balanol; batimastat; BCR/ABL antagonists; benzochlorins; benzoylstaurosporine; beta lactam derivatives; beta-alethine; betaclamycin B; betulinic acid; bFGF inhibitor; bicalutamide; bisantrene; bisaziridinylspermine; bisnafide; bistratene A; bizelesin; breflate; bropirimine; budotitane; buthionine sulfoximine; calcipotriol; calphostin C; camptothecin derivatives; canarypox IL-2; capecitabine; carboxamide-amino-triazole; carboxyamidotriazole; CaRest M3; CARN 700; cartilage derived inhibitor; carzelesin; casein kinase inhibitors (ICOS); castanospermine; cecropin B; cetrorelix; chlorins; chloroquinoxaline sulfonamide; cicaprost; cis-porphyrin; cladribine; clomifene analogues; clotrimazole; collismycin A; collismycin B; combretastatin A4; combretastatin analogue; conagenin; crambescidin 816; crisnatol; cryptophycin 8; cryptophycin A derivatives; curacin A; cyclopentanthraquinones; cycloplatam; cypemycin; cytarabine ocfosfate; cytolytic factor; cytostatin; dacliximab; decitabine; dehydrodidemnin B; deslorelin; dexamethasone; dexifosfamide; dexrazoxane; dexverapamil; diaziquone; didemnin B; didox; diethylnorspermine; dihydro-5-azacytidine; 9-dioxamycin; diphenyl spiromustine; docosanol; dolasetron; doxifluridine; droloxifene; dronabinol; duocarmycin SA; ebselen; ecomustine; edelfosine; edrecolomab; eflomithine; elemene; emitefur; epirubicin; epristeride; estramustine analogue; estrogen agonists; estrogen antagonists; etanidazole; etoposide phosphate; exemestane; fadrozole; fazarabine; fenretinide; filgrastim; fmasteride; flavopiridol; flezelastine; fluasterone; fludarabine; fluorodaunorunicin hydrochloride; forfenimex; formestane; fostriecin; fotemustine; gadolinium texaphyrin; gallium nitrate; galocitabine; ganirelix; gelatinase inhibitors; gemcitabine; glutathione inhibitors; hepsulfam; heregulin; hexamethylene bisacetamide; hypericin; ibandronic acid; idarubicin; idoxifene; idramantone; ilmofosine; ilomastat; imidazoacridones; imiquimod; immunostimulant peptides; insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor inhibitor; interferon agonists; interferons; interleukins; iobenguane; iododoxorubicin; ipomeanol, 4-; iroplact; irsogladine; isobengazole; isohomohalicondrin B; itasetron; jasplakinolide; kahalalide F; lamellarin-N triacetate; lanreotide; leinamycin; lenograstim; lentinan sulfate; leptolstatin; letrozole; leukemia inhibiting factor; leukocyte alpha interferon; leuprolide+estrogen+progesterone; leuprorelin; levamisole; liarozole; linear polyamine analogue; lipophilic disaccharide peptide; lipophilic platinum compounds; lissoclinamide 7; lobaplatin; lombricine; lometrexol; lonidamine; losoxantrone; lovastatin; loxoribine; lurtotecan; lutetium texaphyrin; lysofylline; lytic peptides; maitansine; mannostatin A; marimastat; masoprocol; maspin; matrilysin inhibitors; matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors; menogaril; merbarone; meterelin; methioninase; metoclopramide; MIF inhibitor; mifepristone; miltefosine; mirimostim; mismatched double stranded RNA; mitoguazone; mitolactol; mitomycin analogues; mitonafide; mitotoxin fibroblast growth factor-saporin; mitoxantrone; mofarotene; molgramostim; monoclonal antibody, human chorionic gonadotrophin; monophosphoryl lipid A+myobacterium cell wall sk; mopidamol; multiple drug resistance gene inhibitor; multiple tumor suppressor 1-based therapy; mustard anticancer agent; mycaperoxide B; mycobacterial cell wall extract; myriaporone; N-acetyldinaline; N-substituted benzamides; nafarelin; nagrestip; naloxone+pentazocine; napavin; naphterpin; nartograstim; nedaplatin; nemorubicin; neridronic acid; neutral endopeptidase; nilutamide; nisamycin; nitric oxide modulators; nitroxide antioxidant; nitrullyn; 06-benzylguanine; octreotide; okicenone; oligonucleotides; onapristone; ondansetron; ondansetron; oracin; oral cytokine inducer; ormaplatin; osaterone; oxaliplatin; oxaunomycin; palauamine; palmitoylrhizoxin; pamidronic acid; panaxytriol; panomifene; parabactin; pazelliptine; pegaspargase; peldesine; pentosan polysulfate sodium; pentostatin; pentrozole; perflubron; perfosfamide; perillyl alcohol; phenazinomycin; phenylacetate; phosphatase inhibitors; picibanil; pilocarpine hydrochloride; pirarubicin; piritrexim; placetin A; placetin B; plasminogen activator inhibitor; platinum complex; platinum compounds; platinum-triamine complex; porfimer sodium; porfiromycin; prednisone; propyl bis-acridone; prostaglandin J2; proteasome inhibitors; protein A-based immune modulator; protein kinase C inhibitor; protein kinase C inhibitors, microalgal; protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors; purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitors; purpurins; pyrazoloacridine; pyridoxylated hemoglobin polyoxyethylerie conjugate; raf antagonists; raltitrexed; ramosetron; ras farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors; ras inhibitors; ras-GAP inhibitor; retelliptine demethylated; rhenium Re 186 etidronate; rhizoxin; ribozymes; R.sub.11 retinamide; rogletimide; rohitukine; romurtide; roquinimex; rubiginone B1; ruboxyl; safingol; saintopin; SarCNU; sarcophytol A; sargramostim; Sdi 1 mimetics; semustine; senescence derived 1; sense oligonucleotides; signal transduction inhibitors; signal transduction modulators; single chain antigen-binding protein; sizofuran; sobuzoxane; sodium borocaptate; sodium phenylacetate; solverol; somatomedin binding protein; sonermin; sparfosic acid; spicamycin D; spiromustine; splenopentin; spongistatin 1; squalamine; stem cell inhibitor; stem-cell division inhibitors; stipiamide; stromelysin inhibitors; sulfinosine; superactive vasoactive intestinal peptide antagonist; suradista; suramin; swainsonine; synthetic glycosaminoglycans; tallimustine; tamoxifen methiodide; tauromustine; tazarotene; tecogalan sodium; tegafur; tellurapyrylium; telomerase inhibitors; temoporfin; temozolomide; teniposide; tetrachlorodecaoxide; tetrazomine; thaliblastine; thiocoraline; thrombopoietin; thrombopoietin mimetic; thymalfasin; thymopoietin receptor agonist; thymotrinan; thyroid stimulating hormone; tin ethyl etiopurpurin; tirapazamine; titanocene bichloride; topsentin; toremifene; totipotent stem cell factor; translation inhibitors; tretinoin; triacetyluridine; triciribine; trimetrexate; triptorelin; tropisetron; turosteride; tyrosine kinase inhibitors; tyrphostins; UBC inhibitors; ubenimex; urogenital sinus-derived growth inhibitory factor; urokinase receptor antagonists; vapreotide; variolin B; vector system, erythrocyte gene therapy; velaresol; veramine; verdins; verteporfin; vinorelbine; vinxaltine; vitaxin; vorozole; zanoterone; zeniplatin; zilascorb; and zinostatin stimalamer. [0775] Yet other anticancer agents that can be employed in combination with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include alkylating agents, antimetabolites, natural products, or hormones, e.g., nitrogen mustards (e.g., mechloroethamine, cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, etc.), alkyl sulfonates (e.g., busulfan), nitrosoureas (e.g., carmustine, lomusitne, etc.), or triazenes (decarbazine, etc.). Examples of antimetabolites include but are not limited to folic acid analog (e.g., methotrexate), or pyrimidine analogs (e.g., Cytarabine), purine analogs (e.g., mercaptopurine, thioguanine, pentostatin). [0776] Examples of natural products useful in combination with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include but are not limited to vinca alkaloids (e.g., vinblastin, vincristine), epipodophyllotoxins (e.g., etoposide), antibiotics (e.g., daunorubicin, doxorubicin, bleomycin), enzymes (e.g., L-asparaginase), or biological response modifiers (e.g., interferon alpha). [0777] Examples of alkylating agents that can be employed in combination a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include, but are not limited to, nitrogen mustards (e.g., mechloroethamine, cyclophosphamide, chlorambucil, melphalan, etc.), ethylenimine and methylmelamines (e.g., hexamethlymelamine, thiotepa), alkyl sulfonates (e.g., busulfan), nitrosoureas (e.g., carmustine, lomusitne, semustine, streptozocin, etc.), or triazenes (decarbazine, etc.). Examples of antimetabolites include, but are not limited to folic acid analog (e.g., methotrexate), or pyrimidine analogs (e.g., fluorouracil, floxuridine, Cytarabine), purine analogs (e.g., mercaptopurine, thioguanine, pentostatin. [0778] Examples of hormones and antagonists useful in combination a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) include, but are not limited to, adrenocorticosteroids (e.g., prednisone), progestins (e.g., hydroxyprogesterone caproate, megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone acetate), estrogens (e.g., diethlystilbestrol, ethinyl estradiol), antiestrogen (e.g., tamoxifen), androgens (e.g., testosterone propionate, fluoxymesterone), antiandrogen (e.g., flutamide), gonadotropin releasing hormone analog (e.g., leuprolide). Other agents that can be used in the methods and compositions described herein for the treatment or prevention of cancer include platinum coordination complexes (e.g., cisplatin, carboblatin), anthracenedione (e.g., mitoxantrone), substituted urea (e.g., hydroxyurea), methyl hydrazine derivative (e.g., procarbazine), adrenocortical suppressant (e.g., mitotane, aminoglutethimide). [0779] Examples of anti-cancer agents which act by arresting cells in the G2-M phases due to stabilized microtubules and which can be used in combination with an BTK inhibitor compound of the disclosure include without limitation the following marketed drugs and drugs in development: Erbulozole (also known as R-55104), Dolastatin 10 (also known as DLS-10 and NSC-376128), Mivobulin isethionate (also known as CI-980), Vincristine, NSC-639829, Discodermolide (also known as NVP-XX-A-296), ABT-751 (Abbott, also known as E-7010), Altorhyrtins (such as Altorhyrtin A and Altorhyrtin C), Spongistatins (such as Spongistatin 1, Spongistatin 2, Spongistatin 3, Spongistatin 4, Spongistatin 5, Spongistatin 6, Spongistatin 7, Spongistatin 8, and Spongistatin 9), Cemadotin hydrochloride (also known as LU-103793 and NSC-D-669356), Epothilones (such as Epothilone A, Epothilone B, Epothilone C (also known as desoxyepothilone A or dEpoA), Epothilone D (also referred to as KOS-862, dEpoB, and desoxyepothilone B), Epothilone E, Epothilone F, Epothilone B N-oxide, Epothilone A N-oxide, 16-aza-epothilone B, 21-aminoepothilone B (also known as BMS-310705), 21-hydroxyepothilone D (also known as Desoxyepothilone F and dEpoF), 26-fluoroepothilone), Auristatin PE (also known as NSC-654663), Soblidotin (also known as TZT-1027), LS-4559-P (Pharmacia, also known as LS-4577), LS-4578 (Pharmacia, also known as LS-477-P), LS-4477 (Pharmacia), LS-4559 (Pharmacia), RPR-112378 (Aventis), Vincristine sulfate, DZ-3358 (Daiichi), FR-182877 (Fujisawa, also known as WS-9885B), GS-164 (Takeda), GS-198 (Takeda), KAR-2 (Hungarian Academy of Sciences), BSF-223651 (BASF, also known as ILX-651 and LU-223651), SAH-49960 (Lilly/Novartis), SDZ-268970 (Lilly/Novartis), AM-97 (Armad/Kyowa Hakko), AM-132 (Armad), AM-138 (Armad/Kyowa Hakko), IDN-5005 (Indena), Cryptophycin 52 (also known as LY-355703), AC-7739 (Ajinomoto, also known as AVE-8063A and CS-39.HCl), AC-7700 (Ajinomoto, also known as AVE-8062, AVE-8062A, CS-39-L-Ser.HCl, and RPR-258062A), Vitilevuamide, Tubulysin A, Canadensol, Centaureidin (also known as NSC-106969), T-138067 (Tularik, also known as T-67, TL-138067 and TI-138067), COBRA-1 (Parker Hughes Institute, also known as DDE-261 and WHI-261), H10 (Kansas State University), H16 (Kansas State University), Oncocidin A1 (also known as BTO-956 and DIME), DDE-313 (Parker Hughes Institute), Fijianolide B. Laulimalide, SPA-2 (Parker Hughes Institute), SPA-1 (Parker Hughes Institute, also known as SPIKET-P), 3-IAABU (Cytoskeleton/Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, also known as MF-569), Narcosine (also known as NSC-5366), Nascapine, D-24851 (Asta Medica), A-105972 (Abbott), Hemiasterlin, 3-BAABU (Cytoskeleton/Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, also known as MF-191), TMPN (Arizona State University), Vanadocene acetylacetonate, T-138026 (Tularik), Monsatrol, Inanocine (also known as NSC-698666), 3-1AABE (Cytoskeleton/Mt. Sinai School of Medicine), A-204197 (Abbott), T-607 (Tuiarik, also known as T-900607), RPR-115781 (Aventis), Eleutherobins (such as Desmethyleleutherobin, Desaetyleleutherobin, Isoeleutherobin A, and Z-Eleutherobin), Caribaeoside, Caribaeolin, Halichondrin B, D-64131 (Asta Medica), D-68144 (Asta Medica), Diazonamide A, A-293620 (Abbott), NPI-2350 (Nereus), Taccalonolide A, TUB-245 (Aventis), A-259754 (Abbott), Diozostatin, (−)-Phenylahistin (also known as NSCL-96F037), D-68838 (Asta Medica), D-68836 (Asta Medica), Myoseverin B, D-43411 (Zentaris, also known as D-81862), A-289099 (Abbott), A-318315 (Abbott), HTI-286 (also known as SPA-110, trifluoroacetate salt) (Wyeth), D-82317 (Zentaris), D-82318 (Zentaris), SC-12983 (NCl), Resverastatin phosphate sodium, BPR-OY-007 (National Health Research Institutes), and SSR-250411 (Sanofi). [0780] Where the subject is suffering from or at risk of suffering from a thromboembolic disorder (e.g., stroke), the subject can be treated with a compound of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) in any combination with one or more other anti-thromboembolic agents. Examples of anti-thromboembolic agents include, but are not limited any of the following: thrombolytic agents (e.g., alteplase anistreplase, streptokinase, urokinase, or tissue plasminogen activator), heparin, tinzaparin, warfarin, dabigatran (e.g., dabigatran etexilate), factor Xa inhibitors (e.g., fondaparinux, draparinux, rivaroxaban, DX-9065a, otamixaban, LY517717, or YM150), ticlopidine, clopidogrel, CS-747 (prasugrel, LY640315), ximelagatran, or BIBR 1048. EXAMPLES [0781] The following preparations of compounds of Formula (IA), (I′) or (I) and intermediates (References) are given to enable those skilled in the art to more clearly understand and to practice the present disclosure. They should not be considered as limiting the scope of the disclosure, but merely as being illustrative and representative thereof. The line at the alkene carbon, in the compounds below denotes that the compounds are isolated as an undefined mixture of (E) and (Z) isomers. Example 1 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0782] Step 1 [0783] A solution of 5-amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carbonitrile (10 g, 92.51 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in formamide (80 mL) was stirred under nitrogen at 165° C. for 5 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and the solid was collected by filtration. The filter cake was washed first with 20 mL of water then 20 mL of methanol and dried to yield 9.5 g (76%) of 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a white solid. Step 2 [0784] A mixture of 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (150 g, 1.11 mol, 1.00 equiv) and N-iodo-succinimide (375 g, 1.67 mol, 1.58 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (2.5 L) was stirred at 80° C. for 5 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and then diluted with 10 L of water. The solid was collected by filtration, washed with 2×1 L of saturated aqueous sodium sulfite and dried under vacuum to give 150 g (52%) of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a yellow solid. Step 3 [0785] To a stirred mixture of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (5.9 g, 22.6 mmol, 1.00 equiv), (S)-tert-butyl 3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate (10 g, 50 mmol, 2.2 equiv) and triphenylphosphine (11.8 g, 45 mmol, 2.0 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (300 mL) at 10° C. was added a solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate in tetrahydrofuran (30 mL) dropwise in 30 min. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 h and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified on a silica gel column eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 3 g (33%) of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate as a yellow solid. Step 4 [0786] A mixture of tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (1 g, 2.25 mmol, 1.00 equiv), (4-phenoxyphenyl)boronic acid (530 mg, 2.48 mmol, 1.10 equiv), sodium carbonate (480 mg, 4.53 mmol, 2.01 equiv) and tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium (78 mg, 0.07 mmol, 0.03 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane (60 mL) and water (15 mL) was stirred under nitrogen at 90° C. for 24 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in 500 mL of dichloromethane. The resulting solution was washed with 200 mL of water, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified on a silica gel column eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 700 mg (64%) of tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a yellow solid. Step 5 [0787] A mixture of tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (700 mg, 1.44 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (100 mL) and trifluoroacetic acid (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum to yield 580 mg of crude 3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1-(piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a yellow oil. Step 6 [0788] A mixture of 3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1-(piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (580 mg, 1.50 mmol, 1.00 equiv), carbonyldiimidazole (365 mg, 2.25 mmol, 1.50 equiv) and 2-cyanoacetic acid (190 mg, 2.24 mmol, 1.49 equiv) in dichloromethane (100 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with 100 mL of dichloromethane and washed with 3×100 mL of saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified on a silica gel column eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100 /1) to give 380 mg (56%) of 3-[3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 7 [0789] A mixture of 3-[3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (120 mg, 0.26 mmol, 1.00 equiv), piperidine (27 mg, 0.28 mmol, 1.07 equiv) and cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (28 mg, 0.40 mmol, 1.51 equiv) in methanol (8 mL) was stirred in sealed tube at room temperature for 24 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and the residue was purified on a silica gel column eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 85.4 mg (64%) of the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 506 (M+1). 1 HNMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm) 8.392 (1H, s), 7.676˜7.581 (2H, t), 7.445˜7.393 (2H, t), 7.202˜7.097 (5H, m), 6.601˜6.566 (1H, d, J=10.5), 5.737 (2H,s), 5.010˜4.912 (1H, m), 4.691˜3.185 (4H, m), 2.464˜2.035 (5H, m), 1.275˜0.876 (4H, m). Example 2 Synthesis of 2-((R)-3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0790] Step 1 [0791] A mixture of 3,4-dichlorophenol (38 g, 233.13 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 1-fluoro-2-methoxy-4-nitrobenzene (40 g, 233.75 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and potassium carbonate (64 g, 463.77 mmol, 1.99 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (250 mL) was stirred overnight at 60° C. The resulting solution was diluted with 1000 mL of water, extracted with 3×200 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined. The resulting mixture was washed with 3×500 mL of brine. The mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to yield 60 g (82%) of 1,2-dichloro-4-(2-methoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)benzene as a brown solid. Step 2 [0792] A mixture of 1,2-dichloro-4-(2-methoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)benzene (60 g, 190.40 mmol, 1.00 equiv), Fe(53 g, 946.43 mmol, 4.97 equiv) and ammonium chloride (10 g, 188.68 mmol, 0.99 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran/water(1/2) (600 mL) was stirred overnight at 60° C. under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen. The mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was extracted with 3×500 mL of dichloromethane and the organic layers combined. The resulting mixture was washed with 3×500 mL of brine. The mixture was dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 40 g (74%) of 4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyaniline as a light gray solid. Step 3 [0793] A solution of sodium nitrite (14.4 g, 208.70 mmol, 1.98 equiv) in water (500 mL) was added dropwise into a solution of 4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyaniline (30 g, 105.58 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in sulfuric acid (1000 mL) with stirring at 0° C. and the mixture was stirred for 30 min at 0° C. The above mixture was added dropwise to a solution of potassium iodide (1000 mL, 5%) in water with stirring at 50° C. The reaction was completed immediately. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, extracted with 3×500 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined. The resulting mixture was washed with 3×500 mL of saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and 3×500 mL of brine. The mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 24 g (crude) of 1,2-dichloro-4-(4-iodo-2-methoxyphenoxy)benzene as red oil. Step 4 [0794] A mixture of 1,2-dichloro-4-(4-iodo-2-methoxyphenoxy)benzene (93 g, 235.43 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane (500 mL), potassium acetate (46 g, 469.39 mmol, 1.99 equiv), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (89 g, 350.39 mmol, 1.49 equiv) and Pd(dppf)Cl 2 (4.65 g) was stirred overnight at 90° C. under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in 500 mL of ethyl acetate and washed with mL of water and brine. The mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/100) to yield 10 g (11%) of 2-[4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as light yellow oil. [0795] 2-[4-(3,4-Dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane was then covered to the title compound following the procedures described in Example 1, steps 4-7 above. Example 3 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile [0796] [0797] A mixture of 3-[3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (150 mg, 0.33 mmol, 1.00 equiv), methanol (15 mL), dichloromethane (5 mL), piperidine (56 mg, 0.66 mmol, 2 equiv) and pivalaldehyde (142 mg, 1.66 mmol, 5 equiv) was stirred for 48 h at 30° C. in a 25-mL sealed tube. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 45 mg (26%) of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 522 (M+1) 1 HNMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm) 8.396 (1H, s), 7.684˜7.656 (2H, d, J=8.4), 7.440˜7.388 (2H, t), 7.222˜7.092 (5H, m), 6.956 (1H,s), 5.613 (2H,s), 5.006˜4.909 (1H, m), 4.626˜3.290 (4H, m), 2.419˜1.732 (4H, m), 1.275 (9H,s). Example 4 Synthesis of 2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile [0798] [0799] Synthesized as Examples 1 and 3 above but using tert-butyl 2-(hydroxymethyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate instead of (S)-tert-butyl-3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 522 (M+1). Example 5 Synthesis of (N-((1r,4r)-4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide [0800] [0801] Synthesized as described in Examples 1 and 3 above except using tert-butyl(1r,4r)-4-hydroxycyclohexylcarbamate instead of (S)-tert-butyl3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 536 (M+1). Example 6 Synthesis of 2-(4-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile [0802] [0803] Synthesized as described in Examples 1 and 3 above except using, tert-butyl-4-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate instead of (S)-tert-butyl3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 522 (M+1). Example 8 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,4-dichlorophenoxy)-3-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo-[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enenitrile [0804] [0805] Synthesized as described in Examples land 3 above using pivaldehyde instead of cyclopropanecarbaldehyde. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 620 (M+1). Example 9 Synthesis of (R)—N-(4-(4-amino-1-(1-(2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacryloyl)piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide [0806] Step 1 [0807] A mixture of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (5.9 g, 22.6 mmol, 1.00 equiv), (S)-tert-butyl3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate (10 g, 50 mmol, 2.2 equiv), triphenylphosphine (11.8 g, 45 mmol, 2 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (300 mL) was stirred at 10° C. Diisopropyl azodicarboxylate in tetrahydrofuran (30 mL) was dropped in the mixture slowly in 30 min. The resulting mixture was stirred for 12 h at room temperature was and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 3 g (33%) of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate as yellow solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 445 (M+1). Step 2 [0808] Into a 250-mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained with an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed (R)-tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (2 g, 4.50 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 4-borono-benzenaminium chloride (0.934 g), Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (0.312 g), ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (100 mL), sodium carbonate (1.194 g), and water (20 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 80° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50:1) to give 1.5 g (81%) of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate as a brown solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 410(M+1) Step 3 [0809] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed (R)-tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.0 g, 2.44 mmol, 1.00 equiv), HATU (0.746 g), 4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (374 mg, 1.97 mmol, 0.81 equiv), triethylamine (500 mg, 4.94 mmol, 2.02 equiv), and N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 5 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was quenched with water. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and washed with sodium chloride (sat).The organic layers dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum and residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50:1 to give 1.15 g (81%) of tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-(4-[[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzene]amido]phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a brown solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 582 (M+1) Step 4 [0810] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed (R)-tert-butyl 3-[4-amino-3-(4-[[4-(trifluoromethyl)benzene]amido]phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.1 g, 1.89 mmol, 1.00 equiv), and dichloromethane (100 mL). This was followed by the addition of CF 3 COOH (20 mL) dropwise with stirring at 25° C. over 10 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum to give 0.829 g (91%) of (R)—N-[4-[4-amino-1-(piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]phenyl]-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide as brown oil. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 382 (M+1) Step 5 [0811] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed (R)—N-[4-[4-amino-1-(piperidin-4-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]phenyl]-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide (828 mg, 1.72 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (220 mg, 2.59 mmol, 1.50 equiv), CDI (420 mg, 2.59 mmol, 1.51 equiv), in dichloromethane (80 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was washed with NH 4 Cl and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50:1) to give 300 mg (32%) of N-(4-[4-amino-1-[1-(2-cyanoacetyl)piperidin-4-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide as a yellow solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 549 (M+1) Step 6 [0812] Into a 10-mL round-bottom flask, was placed (R)—N-(4-[4-amino-1-[1-(2-cyanoacetyl)piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)-benzamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol, 1.00 equiv), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (16.6 mg, 0.24 mmol, 2.00 equiv), piperidine (10 mg, 0.12 mmol, 0.99 equiv), methanol (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and the residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50:1) to give 43 mg (60%) of (R)—N-[4-(4-amino-1-[1-[2-cyano-2-(cyclopropylmethylidene)acetyl]piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl]-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 601 (M+1), 1 HNMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm), 8.6 (1H, s), 8.348 (1Hs), 8.0658.038 (2H, d, J=8.1), 7.880˜7.852 (1H, d, J=8.4), 7.768˜7.659 (4H, m), 6.532˜6.496 (1H,dJ=10.8), 5.949 (2H,s), 4.976˜4.907 (1H, m), 4.638˜3.218 (4H, m), 2.436˜1.818 (5H, m), 1.221˜1.198 (2H, m), 0.89˜0.772 (2H, m). Example 10 Preparation of (R)—N-(4-(4-amino-1-(1-(2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enoyl)piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide [0813] [0814] Into a 50-mL round-bottom flask, was placed N-(4-[4-amino-1-[1-(2-cyanoacetyl)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl]phenyl)-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide (130 mg, 0.24 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2,2-dimethylpropanal (2 mL), piperidine (1 mL), and methanol (30 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 24 h at 30° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1 to give 40 mg (27%) of N-[4-(4-amino-1-[1-[2-cyano-2-(2,2-dimethylpropylidene)acetyl]piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-3-yl)phenyl]-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 617 (M+1), 1 HNMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ,ppm), 8.364 (1H, s), 8.212 (1H,s), 8.086˜8.059 (2H, t), 7.929˜7.901 (2H, d, J=8.4), 7.827˜7.800 (2H, d, J=8.1), 7.742˜7.715 (2H, d, J=8.1), 6.963 (1H,s), 6.3 (2H,s), 5.031˜4.934 (1H, m), 4.8˜3.05 (4H, m), 2.738˜2.067 (5H, m), 1.274 (9H,s). Example 11 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0815] Step 1 [0816] Into a 100-mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.00 equiv), prepared as described in Example 1 except in the Mitsunobu reaction using (R)-tert-butyl 2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate instead of (S)-tert-butyl 3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate, 2-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (254 mg, 0.81 mmol, 1.20 equiv), tetrakis(triphenylphosphane)palladium (47 mg, 0.04 mmol, 0.06 equiv), ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (50 mL), sodium carbonate (180 mg, 1.70 mmol, 2.50 equiv), and water (10 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 80° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layers were combined, dried and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded on a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1) to give 0.27 g (79%) of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a brown solid. Step 2 [0817] Into a 100-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (270 mg, 0.54 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL). This was followed by the addition of trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) dropwise with stirring over 10 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum to give 0.216 g (crude) of 3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as brown oil. Step 3 [0818] Into a 100-mL round-bottom flask, was placed 3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (216 mg, 0.53 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (36.8 mg, 0.43 mmol, 0.80 equiv), HATU (166 mg, 0.44 mmol, 0.80 equiv), triethylamine (109 mg, 1.08 mmol, 2.00 equiv), N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded on a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane methanol (50 1) to give 150 mg (60%) of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a yellow solid. Step 4 [0819] Into a 10-mL round-bottom flask, was placed 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (150 mg, 0.32 mmol, 1.00 equiv), piperidine (27 mg, 0.32 mmol, 1.00 equiv), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (44.5 mg, 0.63 mmol, 2.00 equiv), methanol (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded on a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50 /1) to give 48.5 mg (29%) of the title compound as a off-white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z): MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 524 (M+1). 1 H-NMR: (CDCl 3 , ppm): 1HNMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD, ppm), 8.253 (1H, s), 7.686˜7.749 (2H, t), 7.363˜7.440 (1H, t), 7.185˜7.232 (2H, t), 6.833˜6.941 (3H, m), 6.450˜6.600 (1H, d), 4.301-4.555 (3H, m), 3.604˜3.638 (2H, m), 1.868˜2.005 (5H, m), 1.200˜1.294 (3H, m), 0.798˜0.810 (2H, m). Example 12 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0820] Step 1 [0821] Into a 1 L, 2-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (10 g, 38.31 mmol, 1.00 equiv), tert-butyl (2R)-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (15.4 g, 76.52 mmol, 2.00 equiv), PPh 3 (20.1 g, 76.63 mmol, 2.00 equiv), and N,N-dimethylformamide (400 mL). DIAD (15.5 g, 76.65 mmol, 2.00 equiv) was added dropwise over 30 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then diluted with 1 L of water. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and washed with brine. The mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum and the residue was placed on a silica gel column and eluted with chloroform/methanol (100/1) to give 1.2 g (6%) of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a off-white solid. Step 2 [0822] Into a 500-mL 4-necked round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of sodium hydride (4.05 g, 168.75 mmol, 1.70 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (200 mL). A solution of 1-fluoro-4-nitrobenzene (14 g, 99.22 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at 0° C. over 20 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 hr at room temperature. Cu 2 Cl 2 (9.83 g, 100.31 mmol, 1.01 equiv) was added and a solution of 2,6-difluorophenol (15.5 g, 119.15 mmol, 1.20 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at 25° C. over 10 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 100° C. in an oil bath, diluted with 500 mL of water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was placed on a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/8) to give 20 g (80%) of 1,3-difluoro-2-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene as brown oil. Step 3 [0823] Into a 500 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1,3-difluoro-2-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene (20 g, 79.62 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (200 mL), Raney Nickel (2 g). A solution of hydrazine hydrate (12.67 g) in methanol (50 mL) was added dropwise with stirring in 15 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C., then filtrated and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with f ethyl acetate, washed with water and brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 16 g (91%) of 4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)aniline as black oil. Step 4 [0824] Into a 250-mL 4-necked round-bottom flask, was placed 4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)-aniline (8.84 g, 39.96 mmol, 1.00 equiv), hydrogen chloride (37%) (10.14 g, 277.81 mmol, 6.95 equiv) and water (20 mL). NaNO 2 (3.04 g, 44.06 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in water (10 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at 0° C. over 5 min., and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 mins at 0° C. The reaction mixture was added into a solution of NaI (18 g, 120.00 mmol, 3.00 equiv) in water (20 mL) at 25° C. in batches over 5 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 25° C. and then extracted with of ethyl acetate and the organic layers were combined. The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 10.2 g (77%) of 1,3-difluoro-2-(4-iodophenoxy)benzene as brown oil. Step 5 [0825] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained in an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1,3-difluoro-2-(4-iodophenoxy)benzene (2 g, 6.02 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.68 g, 6.62 mmol, 1.10 equiv), potassium acetate (1.76 g, 17.93 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and Pd(OAc) 2 (68 mg, 0.30 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 85° C. in an oil bath. The reaction mixture was then quenched with water. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and washed with water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/8) to give 1.5 g (75%) of 2-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as a light yellow solid. Step 6 [0826] Into a 100 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained in an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane/water (60/15 mL), 2-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (290 mg, 0.87 mmol, 1.3 equiv), sodium carbonate (180 mg, 1.68 mmol, 2.5 equiv), and tetrakis(triphenylphosphane)palladium (40 mg, 0.03 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 90° C. in an oil bath and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 50 mL of dichloromethane, washed with water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 280 mg (79%) of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a white solid. Step 7 [0827] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (280 mg, 0.54 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL). Trifluoroacetic acid (2 mg, 0.02 mmol, 0.03 equiv) was added dropwise with stirring at 25° C. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 50 mL of dichloromethane, washed with ethyl acetate and H 2 O, brine and concentrated under vacuum to give 200 mg (88%) of 3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a white solid. Step 8 [0828] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2,6-difluoro-phenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (200 mg, 0.47 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL), 2-cyanoacetic acid (121 mg, 1.42 mmol, 3.00 equiv), and 1,1-carbonyldiimidazole (230 mg, 1.42 mmol, 3.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then washed with water and brine. The mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1) to give 112 mg (48%) of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 9 [0829] Into a 10 mL sealed tube, was placed a solution of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (100 mg, 0.20 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (3 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (1 mL), and piperidine (1 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 10 mL of dichloromethane, washed with saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl, water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum and the residue was purified via column chromatograpy using dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 26 mg (23%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z): 542 [M+H]. [0830] H-NMR: (CDCl 3 ,ppm): δ8.38 (s, 1H); δ7.66 (d, 2H); δ7.26 (d, 1H); δ7.11 (d, 4H); δ6.77 (d, 1H); δ5.51 (s, 2H); δ4.81 (m, 1H); δ4.65 (d, 2H); δ3.51˜δ3.70 (m, 2H); δ1.91˜δ2.01 (m, 4H); δ1.81 (m, 1H); δ0.83˜1.25 (m, 4H). Example 13 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0831] Step 1 [0832] Into a 250 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 4-bromo-3-fluorophenol (5 g, 26.18 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (100 mL), phenylboronic acid (3.5 g, 28.70 mmol, 1.10 equiv), Cu(AcO) 2 (5.7 g), triethylamine (5.3 g), and 4 A molecular sieves (15 g). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solids were filtered out. The filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:100-1:50). This resulted in 2 g (29%) of 1-bromo-2-fluoro-4-phenoxybenzene as colorless oil. Step 2 [0833] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1-bromo-2-fluoro-4-phenoxybenzene (2 g, 7.49 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (20 mL). BuLi (1M) (8 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at −70 to −80° C. The resulting solution was stirred for 30 min at −70-80° C. in a liquid nitrogen bath. Tris(propan-2-yl)borate (1.7 g, 9.04 mmol, 1.21 equiv) was added dropwise with stirring at −70 to −80° C. The resulting solution was allowed to react, with stirring, for an additional 2 h while the temperature was maintained at −70 to −80° C. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of 100 mL of water, extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:20) to give 1.6 g (92%) of (2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-boronic acid as a white solid. Step 3 [0834] Into a 100 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (380 mg, 0.86 mmol, 1.00 equiv), (2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)boronic acid (240 mg, 1.03 mmol, 1.20 equiv), tetrakis-(triphenylphosphane) palladium (60 mg, 0.05 mmol, 0.06 equiv), dioxane (50 mL), sodium carbonate (228 mg, 2.15 mmol, 2.50 equiv) and water (10 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 80° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and the resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined, dried and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane /methanol (50/1) to give 0.347 g (80%) of tert-butyl (2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a brown solid. Step 4 [0835] Into a 100 mL, round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (347 mg, 0.69 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL). Trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) dropwise with stirring over 10 min and the resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum to give 0.278 g (crude) of 3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as brown oil. Step 5 [0836] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed 3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (278 mg, 0.69 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (36.8 mg, 0.43 mmol, 0.80 equiv), HATU (210 mg, 0.55 mmol, 0.80 equiv), triethylamine (109 mg, 1.08 mmol, 2.00 equiv), and N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C., then diluted with 200 mL of water and extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined, dried and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1) to give 200 mg (62%) of 3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a yellow solid. Step 6 [0837] Into a 10 mL round-bottom flask, was placed 3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (100 mg, 0.21 mmol, 1.00 equiv), piperidine (18 mg, 0.21 mmol, 1.00 equiv), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (30 mg, 0.43 mmol, 2.00 equiv), and methanol (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50 /1) to give 38 mg (33%) of the title compound as a off-white solid. [0838] LC-MS; (ES, m/z):MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 524 (M+1). H-NMR (CDCl 3 , ppm): 1HNMR (300 MHz, CD 3 Cl, ppm), 8.263 (1H, s), 7.444˜7.918 (3H,t), 7.512˜7.284 (5H, t), 6.894˜6.981 (2H, m), 6.445˜6.610 (1H, d), 4.574˜4.878 (3H, m), 3.604˜3.619 (2H, m), 1.945˜1.988 (5H, m), 1.25˜1.306 (3H, m), 0.736˜0.834 (2H, m). Example 14 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0839] Step 1 [0840] Into a 500 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of (2,3-difluorophenyl)-boronic acid (30 g, 189.98 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (250 mL). H 2 O 2 (30 mL) was added dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 23 g (93%) of 2,3-difluorophenol as brown oil. Step 2 [0841] Into a 500 mL, 4-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of sodium hydride (6.8 g, 170.00 mmol, 1.70 equiv, 60%) in N,N-dimethylformamide (200 mL). A solution of 1-fluoro-4-nitrobenzene (14.1 g, 99.93 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at 0° C. in 15 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at room temperature. CuCl (10 g, 101.01 mmol, 1.00 equiv) was added and a solution of 2,3-difluorophenol (15.6 g, 119.91 mmol, 1.20 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) was added dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was allowed to react, with stirring, for an additional 12 h while the temperature was maintained at 100° C. in an oil bath. The resulting solution was extracted with ether and the organic layers combined. The organic layers was washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:8) to give 21.2 g (84%) of 1,2-difluoro-3-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene as a brown solid. Step 3 [0842] Into a 500 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1,2-difluoro-3-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene (21.2 g, 84.40 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (200 mL), and Raney Nickel (2 g). A solution of hydrazine hydrate (12.67 g, 3.00 equiv) in methanol (50 mL) was added dropwise with stirring in 15 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. The solids were filtered out and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with 200 mL of ethyl acetate and washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 16.3 g (87%) of 4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)aniline as black oil. Step 4 [0843] Into a 250-mL 4-necked round-bottom flask, was placed 4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-aniline (8.84 g, 39.96 mmol, 1.00 equiv), hydrogen chloride (10.14 g, 100.01 mmol, 2.50 equiv), and water (20 mL). A solution of NaNO 2 (3.04 g, 44.06 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in water (10 mL) was added dropwise with stirring in portions at 0° C. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for half an hour. To this was added urea (1 g, 16.65 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 20 min and poured into the solution of NaI (18 g, 120.00 mmol, 3.00 equiv) in water (20 mL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 10.5 g (79%) of 1,2-difluoro-3-(4-iodophenoxy)benzene as brown oil. Step 5 [0844] Into a 100 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1,2-difluoro-3-(4-iodophenoxy)benzene (2 g, 6.02 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.68 g, 6.62 mmol, 1.10 equiv), potassium acetate (68 mg, 0.69 mmol, 0.05 equiv), and Pd(OAc) 2 (1.76 g, 7.84 mmol, 3.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 85° C. in an oil bath. The reaction was then diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers were combined. The organics were washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/8) to give 1.5 g (75%) of 2-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as a light yellow solid. Step 6 [0845] Into a 100 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.00 equiv), a solution of 2-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (290 mg, 0.87 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in dioxane (9 mL), tetrakis(triphenylphosphane)-palladium (40 mg, 0.03 mmol, 0.05 equiv), and a solution of sodium carbonate (179 mg, 1.67 mmol, 2.50 equiv) in water (3 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 100° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum, and the solution was diluted with ethyl acetate. The resulting mixture was washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 250 mg (71%) of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a white solid. Step 7 [0846] Into a 100 mL, round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (350 mg, 0.67 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL). Trifluoroacetic acid (2 mL) dropwise with stirring and the resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum to give 200 mg (46%) of 3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine bis(trifluoroacetic acid) salt as a brown solid. Step 8 [0847] Into a 100 mL, round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine bis(trifluoroacetic acid) salt (200 mg, 0.31 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL), CDI (324 mg, 2.00 mmol, 6.50 equiv), and 2-cyanoacetic acid (170 mg, 2.00 mmol, 6.50 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and the resulting mixture was washed with water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 109 mg (72%) of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 9 [0848] Into a 50 mL, round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (109 mg, 0.22 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (10 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (1 mL), and piperidine (1 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with ethyl acetate and the resulting mixture was washed with water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 32 mg (25%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z): 542 [M+H] + . 1 H-NMR: (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): δ 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.74 (d, 2H), 7.18 (d, 2H), 7.08 (m, 2H), 6.92 (m, 1H), 6.81 (d, 1H), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.82 (m, 1H), 4.68 (m, 2H), 3.65 (m, 1H), 3.51 (m, 1H), 2.02 (m, 3H), 1.20 (m, 3H), 0.88 (m, 3H). Example 15 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0849] Step 1 [0850] Into a 250-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 4-(tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)phenol (5 g, 22.72 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (100 mL), (3,5-difluorophenyl)boronic acid (4 g, 25.33 mmol, 1.11 equiv), Cu(AcO) 2 (5 g), 4 A molecular sieves (15 g), triethylamine (4.6 g). The resulting solution was stirred for overnight at room temperature. The solids were filtered out. The filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:100-1:50). This resulted in 2 g (27%) of 2-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as a colorless oil. Step 2 [0851] Into a 100 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained with an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (250 mg, 0.56 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (226 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.20 equiv), tetrakis(triphenylphosphane)palladium (39 mg, 0.03 mmol, 0.06 equiv), dioxane (50 mL), sodium carbonate (149 mg, 1.41 mmol, 2.50 equiv), and water (10 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 80° C. in an oil bath and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined, dried and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1) to give 0.237 g (81%) of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a brown solid. Step 3 [0852] Into a 100 mL, round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (230 mg, 0.44 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL). This was followed by the addition of trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) dropwise with stirring over 10 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum to give 0.185 g (crude) of 3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a brown oil. Step 4 [0853] Into a 100 mL, round-bottom flask, was placed 3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (185 mg, 0.44 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (30.7 mg, 0.36 mmol, 0.80 equiv), HATU (138 mg, 0.36 mmol, 0.80 equiv), triethylamine (91 mg, 0.90 mmol, 2.00 equiv), and N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. and then extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1) to give 101 mg (47%) of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a off-white solid. Step 5 [0854] Into a 10-mL round-bottom flask, was placed cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (28.7 mg, 0.41 mmol, 2.00 equiv), piperidine (17.4 mg, 0.20 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (100 mg, 0.20 mmol, 1.00 equiv), and methanol (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (50 /1) to give 53.12 mg (45%) of the title compound as an off-white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z):MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 541 (M+1). H-NMR: (CDCl 3 ,ppm): 1HNMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD, ppm), 8.28 3(1H, s), 7.777˜7.806 (2H, t), 7.269˜7.298 (2H, t), 6.70˜6.754 (3H, t), 6.455˜6.600 (1H, d), 4.400˜4.878 (3H, m), 3.338˜3.618 (2H, m), 1.700˜2.188 (4H, m), 1.280˜1.305 (4H, m), 0.710˜0.912 (2H, m). Example 16 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0855] Step 1 [0856] Into a 100 mL, 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained with an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dioxane/H 2 O (7/3=V/V) (30 mL), [4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]boronic acid (500 mg, 2.16 mmol, 6.99 equiv), sodium carbonate (200 mg, 1.89 mmol, 0.26 equiv), and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (500 mg, 0.43 mmol, 3.19 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at 100° C. in an oil bath an then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 0.2 g (59%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a light yellow solid. Step 2 [0857] Into a 100 mL, round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (200 mg, 0.40 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (20 mL), and trifluoroacetic acid (10 g, 87.70 mmol, 221.25 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The pH value of the solution was adjusted to 8-10 with 10% aqueous sodium carbonate. The solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 0.1 g (62%) of 3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-((3R)-piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a light yellow solid. Step 3 [0858] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)-phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (100 mg, 0.25 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL), 1-[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)carbonyl]-1H-imidazole (60 mg, 0.37 mmol, 1.50 equiv), and 2-cyanoacetic acid (110 mg, 1.29 mmol, 5.23 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 60 min at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 0.06 g (51%) of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a light yellow solid. Step 4 [0859] Into a 10 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (60 mg, 0.13 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (10 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (50 mg, 0.71 mmol, 5.61 equiv), and piperidine (70 mg, 0.82 mmol, 6.46 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 30 min at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 0.015 g (23%) of the title compound as an off-white solid. LC-MSO: (ES, m/z): 524 [M+H] + . H-NMR (CD 3 OD, ppm) 8.270 (1H, s), 7.711 (2H, d), 7.316˜7.242 (4H, m), 7.149 (2H, d), 6.450 (1H, d), 4.872 (1H,s), 4.192 (1H,s), 3.966 (2H, d), 3.556-3.488 (1H, m), 2.392˜2.363 (1H, m), 2.253˜2.209 (2H, m), 1.951 (1H,s).; 1.306-1.181 (3H, m); 0.918-0.793 (2H, m) Example 17 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0860] Step 1 [0861] Into a 250 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 4-(tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)phenol (5 g, 22.72 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (100 mL), (3-fluorophenyl)boronic acid (3.5 g, 25.01 mmol, 1.10 equiv), Cu(AcO) 2 (5 g), 4 A molecular sieves (15 g), and triethylamine (4.6 g). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solids were filtered out and the filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:100-1:50) to give 1.8 g (25%) of 2-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as a colorless oil. Step 2 [0862] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained with an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (255 mg, 0.81 mmol, 1.20 equiv), sodium carbonate (143 g, 1.35 mol, 1998.01 equiv), ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (50 mL), water (15 mL), and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (40 mg, 0.03 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at 80° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 260 mg (76%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a yellow solid. Step 3 [0863] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (260 mg, 0.52 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL). Trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) was added dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with 20 mL of water. The pH value of the solution was adjusted to >7 with sodium carbonate. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 180 mg (86%) of 3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a brown solid. Step 4 [0864] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)-phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (180 mg, 0.45 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL), 2-cyanoacetic acid (56 mg, 0.66 mmol, 1.50 equiv), and 1-[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)carbonyl]-1H-imidazole (108 mg, 0.67 mmol, 1.50 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 24 h at room temperature and then diluted with 100 mL dichloromethane. The resulting mixture was washed NH 4 Cl, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 120 mg (57%) of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 5 [0865] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (120 mg, 0.25 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (20 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (54 mg, 0.77 mmol, 3.00 equiv), piperidine (11 mg, 0.13 mmol, 0.50 equiv), and dichloromethane (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 36 mg (27%) of the title compounds as a white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z): 524 [M+H] + . H-NMR: (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm) 8.396 (1H, s), 7.721˜7.674 (2H, m), 7.393˜7.316 (1H, m), 7.237˜7.191 (2H, m), 6.923˜6.786 (3H, m), 6.607˜6.570 (1H, d, J=11.1), 5.795 (2H, s), 5.018˜4.919 (1H, m), 4.8˜3.1 (4H, m), 2.465˜2.269 (5H, m), 1.274 (2H, m), 0.887 (2H, m). Example 18 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0866] Step 1 [0867] Into a 500-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3S)-3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate (10 g, 49.69 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in pyridine (200 mL). 4-Methylbenzene-1-sulfonyl chloride (28.5 g, 149.49 mmol, 3.0 equiv) was added dropwise with stirring at 0° C. in 30 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 5 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with 200 mL of ethyl acetate. The pH value of the solution was adjusted to 3 with hydrogen chloride (1M) and the resulting mixture was washed with sodium bicarbonate and water. The organics were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 15 g (85%) of tert-butyl (3S)-3-[[(4-methylbenzene)sulfonyl]oxy]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a light yellow solid. Step 2 [0868] Into a 1000 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (6 g, 22.99 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (500 mL), tert-butyl (3S)-3-[[(4-methylbenzene)sulfonyl]oxy]piperidine-1-carboxylate (9.8 g, 27.57 mmol, 1.20 equiv), and cesium carbonate (13.3 g, 40.82 mmol, 1.78 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 60° C. in an oil bath and then quenched by the addition of 1500 mL of water. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined. The organics were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and elution with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (60%) gave 2.8 g (27%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (96.5%,e.e.) as a off-white solid. Step 3 [0869] Into a 250 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (500 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane/H 2 O (100/30 mL), 2-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (420 mg, 1.26 mmol, 1.1 equiv), sodium carbonate (240 mg, 2.26 mmol, 2.0 equiv), and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (65 mg, 0.06 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 90° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum and the resiude was diluted with water. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers were combined, washed with brine and filtered. The filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and elution with dichloromethane/methanol (10/1) gave 480 mg (82%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a white solid. Step 4 [0870] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (450 mg, 0.86 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (40 mL) and CF 3 COOH (10 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 50 mL of dichloromethane and washed with aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 400 mg (crude) of 3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a white solid. Step 5 [0871] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (300 mg, 0.71 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (30 mL), HATU (400 mg, 1.05 mmol, 1.5 equiv), triethylamine (220 mg, 2.17 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and 2-cyanoacetic acid (90 mg, 1.06 mmol, 1.5 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 10 h at 25° C. and then washed with water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and elution with dichloromethane/methanol (10/1) gave 240 mg (69%) of 3- [(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 6 [0872] Into a 10 mL sealed tube, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (150 mg, 0.31 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (5 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (64 mg, 0.91 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and piperidine (78 mg). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with 10 mL of dichloromethane and the resulting mixture was washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and elution with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) gave 28.5 mg (17%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z): 542 [M+H] 1 , H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): δ 8.54 (s, 1H); δ7.68 (d, 2H); δ7.20 (d, 2H); δ7.16 (d, 2H); δ6.95 (m, 1H); δ6.55 (d, 1H); δ5.52 (s, 2H); δ6.98 (m, 1H); δ4.76 (m, 1H); δ4.34 (m, 1H); δ3.82 (m, 1H); δ3.23 (m, 1H); δ2.01˜δ2.42 (m, 4H); δ1.88 (m, 1H); δ0.85˜δ1.21 (m, 4H). Example 19 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0873] Step 1 [0874] Into a 250 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (500 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane/H2O (100/30 mL), 2-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (420 mg, 1.26 mmol, 1.1 equiv), sodium carbonate (240 mg, 2.26 mmol, 2.0 equiv), and Pd(PPh3)4 (65 mg, 0.06 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 15 h at 90° C. in an oil bath and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with water and extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined. The organics were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (10/1) to give 500 mg (85%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)-phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a white solid. Step 2 [0875] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (450 mg, 0.86 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (40 mL). CF 3 COOH (10 mL) to added dropwise with stirring at 25° C. over 10 min and the resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with dichloromethane and washed with aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 410 mg of 3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a white solid. Step 3 [0876] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2,6-difluoro-phenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (300 mg, 0.71 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (30 mL), triethylamine (220 mg, 2.17 mmol, 3.0 equiv), HATU (400 mg, 1.05 mmol, 1.5 equiv), and 2-cyanoacetic acid (90 mg, 1.06 mmol, 1.5 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 10 h at 25° C., then washed with water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (10/1) to give. 230 mg (60%) of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 4 [0877] Into a 10 mL sealed tube, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (150 mg, 0.31 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (5 mL), piperidine (78 mg, 0.92 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (64 mg, 0.91 mmol, 3.0 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with 10 mL of dichloromethane, and the solution was washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 36 mg (21%) of 2-[[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,6-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]carbonyl]-3-cyclopropylprop-2-enenitrile as a white solid. [0878] LC-MS: (ES, m/z): 542 [M+H]. H-NMR: (CDCl 3 ,ppm): δ8.27 (s, 1H); δ7.82 (d, 2H); δ7.41 (m, 1H); δ7.21 (d, 2H); δ7.11 (d, 1H); δ6.42 (d, 1H); M.94 (m, 1H); M.21 (m, 1H); δ3.92 (m, 2H); δ3.55 (m, 1H); δ2.01˜2.29 (m, 4H); M.94 (m, 2H); δ0.83˜1.31 (m, 4H). Example 20 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0879] Step 1 [0880] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (400 mg, 0.90 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (360 mg, 1.08 mmol, 1.20 equiv), sodium carbonate (190 mg, 1.79 mmol, 1.99 equiv), ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (50 mL), water (15 mL), and Pd(PPh3)4 (52 mg, 0.04 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 80° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 340 mg (72%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a yellow solid. Step 2 [0881] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (340 mg, 0.65 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL), followed by the addition of trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 20 mL of water. The pH value of the solution was adjusted to >7 with sodium carbonate and then extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 210 mg (76%) of 3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1- [(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a brown solid. Step 3 [0882] Into a 100-mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (210 mg, 0.50 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL), 2-cyanoacetic acid (63 mg, 0.74 mmol, 1.50 equiv), and 1-[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)carbonyl]-1H-imidazole (120 mg, 0.74 mmol, 1.50 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 24 h at room temperature and then diluted with dichloromethane. The resulting mixture was washed with NH 4 Cl and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 150 mg (62%) of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 4 [0883] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (150 mg, 0.31 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (20 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (64 mg, 0.91 mmol, 3.00 equiv), piperidine (13 mg, 0.15 mmol, 0.50 equiv), and dichloromethane (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 70 mg (42%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC-MS: (ES, m/z): 542 [M+H] + . 1 HNMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm) 8.405 (1H, s), 7.762˜7.715 (2H, m), 7.282˜7.223 (2H, m), 6.656˜6.575 (4H, m), 6.696 (2H,s), 5.022˜4.924 (1H, m), 4.8˜2.9 (4H, m), 2.424˜2.301 (2H, m), 2.271˜2.259 (3H, d), 1.295˜1.228 (2H, t), 0.903˜0.892 (2H, d). Example 21 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0884] Step 1 [0885] Into a 500 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of sodium hydride (3.9 g, 162.50 mmol, 1.7 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (200 mL). This was followed by the addition of a solution of 1-fluoro-4-nitrobenzene (13.6 g, 96.39 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) dropwise with stirring at 0° C. over 20 min. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hr at 25° C. and then CuCl (9.6 g, 96.97 mmol, 1.0 equiv) was added, followed by addition of a solution of 2,5-difluorophenol (15.5 g, 119.15 mmol, 1.2 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL) dropwise with stirring at 25° C. over 10 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 100° C. in an oil bath and then diluted with water and washed with ether, water and brine. The reaction mixture was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/8) to give 19.5 g (81%) of 1,4-difluoro-2-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene as a brown solid, Step 2 [0886] Into a 500 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1,4-difluoro-2-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene (19.5 g, 77.63 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (200 mL), and Raney Nickel (2 g). This was followed by the addition of a solution of hydrazine hydrate (11.66 g) in methanol (50 mL) dropwise with stirring at 25° C. over 15 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then filtrated and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 16 g (93%) of 4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)aniline as black oil. Step 3 [0887] Into a 250 mL 4-necked round-bottom flask, was placed 4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)-aniline (9 g, 40.69 mmol, 1.00 equiv), hydrogen chloride (37%) (10.2 g, 100 mmol, 2.5 equiv) and water (20 mL). A solution of NaNO 2 (3.1 g, 44.93 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in water (10 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at 0° C. over 5 min. After stirring at 0° C. for 30 min, the mixture was added into a solution of NaI (18 g, 120.00 mmol, 3.0 equiv) in water (20 mL) dropwise with stirring at 25° C. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined. The combined organics were washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 10.5 g (78%) of 1,4-difluoro-2-(4-iodophenoxy)benzene as brown oil. Step 4 [0888] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1,4-difluoro-2-(4-iodophenoxy)benzene (2 g, 6.02 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 mL), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.68 g, 6.62 mmol, 1.10 equiv), potassium acetate (1.76 g, 17.93 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and Pd(OAc) 2 (68 mg, 0.30 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 85° C. in an oil bath and then diluted with water. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined. The combined organics were washed with water and brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted wihtwith ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/8) to give 1.5 g (75%) of 2-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as a light yellow solid. Step 5 [0889] Into a 250-mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (500 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane/H 2 O (100/30 mL), 2-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (420 mg, 1.26 mmol, 1.1 equiv), sodium carbonate (240 mg, 2.26 mmol, 2.0 equiv), and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (65 mg, 0.06 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 90° C. in an oil bath and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with water and the resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers were combined. The combined organics were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (10/1) to give 510 mg (87%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a white solid. Step 6 [0890] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (450 mg, 0.86 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (40 mL). This was followed by the addition of CF 3 COOH (10 mL) dropwise with stirring at 25° C. over 5 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with dichloromethane and the resulting mixture was washed with aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 400 mg (99%) of 3-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a white solid. Step 7 [0891] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2,5-difluoro-phenoxy)phenyl]-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (300 mg, 0.71 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (30 mL), HATU (400 mg, 1.05 mmol, 1.5 equiv), triethylamine (220 mg, 2.17 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and 2-cyanoacetic acid (90 mg, 1.06 mmol, 1.5 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 10 h at 25° C. and then washed with water and brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (10/1) to give 200 mg (58%) of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 8 [0892] Into a 10 mL sealed tube, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (150 mg, 0.31 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (5 mL), piperidine (78 mg, 0.92 mmol, 3.0 equiv), and cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (64 mg, 0.91 mmol, 3.0 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with dichloromethane and washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine. The organics were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (20/1) to give 38 mg (23%) of 2-[[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-[4-(2,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]carbonyl]-3-cyclopropylprop-2-enenitrile as a white solid. LC-MS (ES, m/z): 542 [M+H], H-NMR (CDCl 3 ,ppm): δ8.51 (s, 1H); δ7.66 (d, 2H); δ7.12 (m, 3H); δ6.88 (m, 2H); δ6.51 (d, 1H); δ5.57 (s, 2H); M.95 (m, 1H); M.82 (m, 1H); δ4.23 (m, 1H); δ3.65 (m, 1H); δ3.28 (m, 1H); δ2.33 (m, 2H); δ2.01 (m, 2H); δ1.83 (m, 1H); M.20 (m, 2H); δ0.78 (m, 2H). Example 22 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(phenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0893] Step 1 [0894] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (400 mg, 0.90 mmol, 1.00 equiv), (2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)boronic acid (250 mg, 1.08 mmol, 1.20 equiv), sodium carbonate (190 mg, 1.79 mmol, 1.99 equiv), ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (50 mL), water (15 mL), and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (52 mg, 0.04 mmol, 0.05 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 80° C. and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100/1) to give 320 mg (70%) of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate as a yellow solid. Step 2 [0895] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (3R)-3-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidine-1-carboxylate (320 mg, 0.63 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL). This was followed by the addition of trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) dropwise with stirring. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with water and the pH value of the solution was adjusted to >7 with sodium carbonate. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 190 mg (74%) of 3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a brown solid. Step 3 [0896] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1-[(3R)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (190 mg, 0.47 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (50 mL), 2-cyanoacetic acid (60 mg, 0.71 mmol, 1.50 equiv), and 1-[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)carbonyl]-1H-imidazole (114 mg, 0.70 mmol, 1.50 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 24 h at room temperature and then diluted with dichloromethane. The resulting mixture was washed with NH 4 Cl and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 100 mg (45%) of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a white solid. Step 4 [0897] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]piperidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (100 mg, 0.21 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (20 mL), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (45 mg, 0.64 mmol, 3.00 equiv), piperidine (9 mg, 0.11 mmol, 0.50 equiv), and dichloromethane (5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 24 mg (24%) of the title compound as a white solid, LC-MS (ES, m/z): 524 [M+H] + . H-NMR (CDCl 3 , ppm): 8.397 (1H, s), 7.628˜7.427 (3H, m), 7.283˜7.231 (1H, m), 7.203˜7.124 (2H, m), 6.979˜6.866 (2H, m), 6.722 (1H,s), 5.717 (2H,s), 4.973 (1H,s), 4.8-3.1 (4H, m), 2.581˜2.045 (5H, m), 1.329˜1.228 (2H, m), 0.893 (2H, m). [0898] Proceeding as described above, but substituting cyclopropanecarbaldehyde with acetaldehyde, (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile was synthesized. Example 23 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0899] Step 1 [0900] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 2-fluorophenol (2.6 g, 23.19 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (30 mL) and CuCl (2.2 g, 2.41 equiv). This was followed by the addition of sodium hydride (1.34 g, 55.83 mmol, 0.86 equiv) in portions and then 1-fluoro-4-nitrobenzene (2.8 g, 19.84 mmol, 0.67 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 5 h at 100° C. in an oil bath and the resulting solution was diluted with water/ice. The aqueous mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and elution with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:100) gave 1.7 g (31%) of 1-(2-fluorophenoxy)-4-nitrobenzene as a light yellow solid. Step 2 [0901] Into a 250 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 1-fluoro-2-(4-nitrophenoxy)benzene (5 g, 21.44 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol/H 2 O (2/1=V/V) (100 mL), and NH 4 Cl (1 g, 18.70 mmol, 0.87 equiv). This was followed by the addition of Fe (7 g, 5.83 equiv), in portions at 80° C. in 20 min. The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at reflux in an oil bath. The reaction mixture was cooled in a water bath. The solids were filtered out and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 3.2 g (73%) of 4-(2-fluorophenoxy)aniline as a light yellow solid. Step 3 [0902] Into a 250 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask, was placed 4-(2-fluorophenoxy)aniline (2 g, 9.84 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and 37% hydrogen chloride (20 mL). NaNO 2 (800 mg, 11.59 mmol, 1.18 equiv) was added in portions at 0° C. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 30 min and then urea (1 g, 16.65 mmol, 1.69 equiv) was added. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 20 min and poured into the solution of KI (10 g) in water (20 mL) at room temperature. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:100; 1:50) to give 1 g (32%) of 1-fluoro-2-(4-iodophenoxy)-benzene as a light yellow solid. Step 4 [0903] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of 1-(2-fluorophenoxy)-4-iodobenzene (3.3 g, 10.51 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL). n-BuLi (4.4 mL) was added dropwise with stirring at −78° C. The resulting solution was stirred for 10 mins at −78° C. and then tris(propan-2-yl)borate (2.1 g, 11.17 mmol, 1.06 equiv) was added dropwise with stirring at −78° C. over 10 min. The resulting solution was stirred while the temperature warmed from −78° C. to room temperature. The reaction was then quenched by the addition of saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl and concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 10% aquious potassium hydroxide and then washed with ether. The pH of the aqueous was adjusted to 2-4 with hydrogen chloride (37%). The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 2.2 g (90%) of [4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]boronic acid as a white solid Step 5 [0904] Into a 100 mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.68 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dioxane/H 2 O (7/3=V/V) (30 mL), [4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]boronic acid (500 mg, 2.16 mmol, 3.19 equiv), sodium carbonate (500 mg, 4.72 mmol, 6.99 equiv), and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (200 mg, 0.17 mmol, 0.26 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at 100° C. in an oil bath and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1) to give 0.2 g (59%) of tert-butyl (2S)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a light yellow solid. Step 6 [0905] Into a 100 mL round-bottom flask purged and maintained under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, was placed a solution of tert-butyl (2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (200 mg, 0.40 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (20 mL), and trifluoroacetic acid (10 g, 87.70 mmol, 221.25 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The resulting solution was diluted with 10% aqueous sodium carbonate and the solution was extracted with dichloromethane and the organic layers combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 0.1 g (62%) of 3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-((2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a light yellow solid. Step 7 [0906] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-((2R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (100 mg, 0.25 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL), 1-[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)carbonyl]-1H-imidazole (80 mg, 0.49 mmol, 1.25 equiv), and 2-cyanoacetic acid (50 mg, 0.59 mmol, 3.80 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1; 50:1) to give 0.05 g (43%) of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a light yellow solid. Step 8 [0907] Into a 50 mL round-bottom flask, was placed a solution of 3-[(2R)-2-([4-amino-3-[4-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (50 mg, 0.11 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (10 mL), piperidine (50 mg, 0.59 mmol, 6.73 equiv), and cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (50 mg, 0.71 mmol, 5.54 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded onto a silica gel column and eluted with dichloromethane/methanol (100:1, 50:1) to give 0.0179 g (32%) of the title compounds as an off-white solid. [0908] LC-MS (ES, m/z): 524 [M+H] + , 1 HNMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 ,ppm) 8.396 (1H, s), 7.689˜7.628 (2H, m), 7.284˜7.085 (6H, m), 6.825-6.798 (1H, d); 5.663 (2H, s); 4.868 (1H, d); 4.676 (2H, d); 3.708-3.470 (2H, m); 2.060-1.980 (5H, m); 1.226 (2H, t); 0.873 (2H, s). Example 24 Synthesis of (S)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile bis(2,2,2-trifluoroacetate [0909] Step 1 [0910] To a solution of 34(S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (245 mg, 0.5 mmol, 1 equiv) and tert-butyl 2-methyl-1-oxopropan-2-ylcarbamate (935 mg, 5 mmol, 10 equiv) in dioxane (30 mL) was added 0.5 mL piperidine, 1 drop AcOH and 2 g of 4 Å molecular sieves. The resulting mixture was stirred for 6 h at 110° C. The solids was filtered out, the filtrate was diluted with 200 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated and purified with silica gel column (ethyl acetate/MeOH 10/1) to give 60 mg of tert-butyl 5-((S)-2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-ylcarbamate as white solid. Step 2 [0911] To a solution of tert-butyl 5-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-ylcarbamate (60 mg, 0.091 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added CF 3 COOH (5 mL). The mixture was stirred for 2 h at room temperature and then concentrated and purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm to give 12 mg of the title compound as light yellow solid. [0912] LC-MS: m/z 559 (M+h + ). H 1 -NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): δ 13.19 (s, 1H), 10.97 (s, 1H), 8.28 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.37 (m, 2H), 7.30 (s, 1H), 7.00-6.84 (m, 5H), 4.87-4.72 (m, 3H), 3.65-3.50 (m, 2H), 2.15-1.76 (m, 4H), 1.56-1.52 (d, 6H). Example 25 Synthesis of 2-((S)-2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-(methylamino)pent-2-enenitrile bis(2,2,2-trifluoroacetate [0913] Step 1 [0914] To a solution of 3-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (236 mg, 0.5 mmol, 1 equiv) and tert-butyl methyl(2-methyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (2.01 g, 10 mmol, 20 equiv) in dioxane (30 mL) was added 0.5 mL piperidine, 1 drop AcOH and 2 g of 4 A molecular sieves. The resulting mixture was stirred for 6 h at 110° C. The solids was filtered out, the filtrate was diluted with 50 mL of EA, washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel column (EA to EA/MeOH 10/1) to give 60 mg of tert-butyl 5-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl(methyl)carbamate as white solid. Step 2 [0915] To a solution of tert-butyl 5-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl(methyl)carbamate (60 mg, 0.092 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added 1.5 mL of CF 3 COOH. The mixture was stirred for 2 h at room temperature, concentrated and the residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm to give 12 mg of the title compound salt as a white solid. [0916] LC-MS: m/z 555 (M+H + ). H 1 -NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 +D 2 O, ppm): 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.41 (m, 4H), 7.28-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.96-6.94 (m, 1H), 6.85 (dd, J=11.6 Hz, 2.0 Hz, 1H) 4.88-4.68 (m, 3H), 3.69-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.24 (s, 3H), 2.17-1.80 (m, 4H), 1.48-1.45 (d, 6H). Example 26 Synthesis of (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile trifluoroacetic acid salt [0917] Step 1 [0918] Into a solution of 1-tert-butyl 2-methyl (2S)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylate (900 mg, 3.39 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (15 mL) was added LiBH 4 (200 mg, 9.1 mmol, 2.7 equiv) in batches at 0° C. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature, then was diluted with EA and washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated to give 0.8 g of tert-butyl (2S)-4,4-difluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as reddish oil. Step 2 [0919] Under nitrogen, to a solution of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (2.61 g, 10.00 mmol, 1.00 equiv), tert-butyl (25)-4,4-difluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (2.37 g, 9.99 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and TPP (4 g, 15.2 mmol, 1.50 equiv) in THF was DIAD (3.00 g, 15.0 mmol, 1.50 equiv) at 0° C. in 30 min. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature. The mixture was then concentrated under vacuum and the residue was applied onto a silica gel column with dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (3/1) to give 1 g of tert-butyl (2S)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]-pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as reddish oil. Step 3 [0920] Under nitrogen atmosphere, a suspension of tert-butyl (2S)-2-([4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (800 mg, 1.67 mmol, 1.00 equiv), (2-fluoro-5-phenoxyphenyl)boronic acid (480 mg, 2.07 mmol, 1.20 equiv), Pd(dppf)Cl 2 (140 mg, 0.17 mmol, 0.10 equiv), sodium carbonate (0.53 g, 5.00 mmol, 3.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane/water (40/10 mL) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was loaded on a silica gel column and eluted with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:2 to 3:1) to give 0.6 g (67%) of tert-butyl (2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a reddish solid. Step 4 [0921] To a solution of tert-butyl (2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-4,4-difluoropyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (600 mg, 1.11 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (10 mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid (2 mL) dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum to give 0.85 g (crude) of 1-[[(2S)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidin-2-yl]methyl]-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine trifluoroacetic acid salt as a brown semi-solid. Step 5 [0922] To a solution of 1-[[(2S)-4,4-difluoropyrrolidin-2-yl]methyl]-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (850 mg, crude), 2-cyanoacetic acid (120 mg, 1.31 mmol, 1.29 equiv) and TEA (650 mg, 6.45 mmol, 5.00 equiv) in dichloromethane (30 mL), was added HATU (500 mg, 1.32 mmol, 1.29 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was diluted with DCM, washed with HCl (2N), sat. NaHCO 3 , brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was submitted to chromatography (SiO 2 , DCM: MeOH=30:1) to give 0.4 g (77%) of 3-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-4,4-difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile as a pale yellow solid. Step 6 [0923] A solution of 3-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-4,4-difluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile (120 mg, 0.24 mmol, 1.00 equiv), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (80 mg, 1.14 mmol, 5.00 equiv), piperidine (41 mg, 0.48 mmol, 2.00 equiv) in ethanol (10 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm, to give 24 mg (18%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC-MS m/z: 560 (M+1). H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): 11.94 (brs, 1H) 8.29 (s, 1H), 7.55-7.45 (m, 3H), 7.31-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.14 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.00 (dd, J=8.8, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.90-6.87 (m, 1H), 6.07 (brs, 1H), 4.97-5.05 (m, 1H), 4.70-4.67 (m, 1H), 3.94-3.77 (m, 2H), 2.10 (s, 1H), 1.45-1.36 (m, 2H), 1.27-1.14 (m,2H). Example 27 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0924] Step 1 [0925] To the solution of 4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (10 g, 65.12 mmol, 1.0 eq) and (S)-tert-butyl 3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylate (13.0 g, 65.12 mmol, 1.0 eq) and PPh 3 (34.20 g, 130.24 mmol, 2.0 eq) in THF (400 mL), DEAD (22.68 g, 130.24 mmol, 2.0 eq) was added at 0° C. The resulted mixture was stirred and warmed to RT for 12 h. The reaction mixture was purified by column (10% EtOAc in petroleum ether) to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (2.1 g, 10% in yield) as colorless oil. Step 2 [0926] A mixture of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.7 g, 5.05 mmol) and NIS (1.25 g, 5.55 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was stirred for 12 h at room temperature. Water was added to the mixture, which was extracted with EA , the combined organic layers were dried and purified by column to give (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-chloro-5-iodo-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (2.0 g, 86% in yield). Step 3 [0927] A solution of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-chloro-5-iodo-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (2.0 g, 4.32 mmol) in IPA saturated with NH 3 (20 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 12 h in a 100 mL of autoclave. The organic layer was concentrated and purified on silica gel chromatography (eluted with PE:EtOAc=1:1) to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-5-iodo-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.5 g, 78% in yield). Step 4 [0928] A mixture of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-5-iodo-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (250 mg, 0.56 mmol), 4-phenoxyphenylboronic acid (133 mg, 0.62 mmol), Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (100 mg) and Na 2 CO 3 (150 mg, 1.41 mmol) in dioxane/H 2 O (40/10 ml) was stirred at 100° C. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by Pre-TLC to obtain (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (150 mg, 55% in yield). Step 5 [0929] To a mixture of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.31 mmol) in 10 ml DCM was added TFA (10 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. Solvent was removed and sat. NaHCO 3 (10 mL) was added. The resulting mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried and concentrated to afford (R)-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7-(piperidin-3-yl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (100 mg, 83% in yield), which was subjected to the next step without any further purification. Step 6 [0930] To a mixture of (R)-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7-(piperidin-3-yl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (100 mg, 0.26 mmol, 1.0 eq), 2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylic acid (45 mg, 0.32 mmol, 1.2 eq) and DIPEA (102 mg, 0.78 mmol, 3 eq) in 10 mL DCM was added HATU (150 mg, 0.40 mmol, 1.5 eq) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 4 h at RT under N 2 . The reaction mixture was purified by Pre-TLC to give the title compound (60 mg, 54% in yield). LCMS: m/z (505.0) (M+H) + 1 HNMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 ): δ 0.826˜0.837 (m, 2H), 1.147˜1.183 (m, 6H), 1.744˜2.210 (m, 5H), 4.661˜4.699 (m, 1H), 5.212˜5.226 (m, 2H), 6.499˜6.524 (m, 1H), 6.921˜7.367 (m, 10H) and 8.223 (S, 1H). [0931] Proceeding as described above but substituting 4-phenoxyphenylboronic acid with 2-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane and 2-(4-(3 ,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane, (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile LCMS m/z 523.1 (M+H) + and (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile LCMS m/z 541.1 (M+H) + were prepared respectively. Example 28 Synthesis of (S)-2-{2-[4-amino-5-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl}-3-cyclopropyl-acrylonitrile [0932] Step 1 [0933] To a solution of 4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (8.0 g, 52.32 mmol, 1.0 eq) in DMF (40 mL), NIS (15.7 g, 57.55 mmol, 1.1 eq) was added at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. Water (40 mL) was added to the reaction mixture, extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated under vacuum to give 4-chloro-5-iodo-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (14.6 g, 100% in yield). Step 2 [0934] To a solution of 4-chloro-5-iodo-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (4.0 g, 14.34 mmol, 1.0 eq), (S)-tert-butyl 2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (4.04 g, 20.08 mmol, 1.4 eq), and PPh 3 (7.5 g, 28.68 mmol, 2.0 eq) in dry THF (30 mL), DIAD (5.80 g, 28.68 mmol, 2.0 eq) was added dropwise at 0° C. The mixture was stirred at RT for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatography (eluted with PE: EtOAc=1:1) to afford (S)-2-(4-chloro-5-iodo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (5.1 g, 77% in yield). Step 3 [0935] A solution of (S)-2-(4-chloro-5-iodo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (3.5 g, 6.93 mmol) in MeOH (saturated with NH 3 ) was stirred 100° C. and overnight in a 100 mL of sealed tube. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a white solid which was purified by silica gel chromatography eluted with PE: EtOAc=1:1 to afford (S)-2-(4-amino-5-iodo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (2.7 g, 87.98% in yield). Step 4 [0936] A solution of (S)-2-(4-amino-5-iodo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl)-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (500.00 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.0 eq), 4-phenoxyphenyl-boronic acid (240.00 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.0 eq), Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (100.00 mg), and Na 2 CO 3 (300.00 mg, 2.83 mmol, 2.5 eq) in Dioxane/H 2 O (40 /10 ml) was stirred at 90° C. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by Pre-TLC to afford (S)-2-[4-amino-5-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (500 mg, 91% in yield). Step 5 [0937] To a solution of (S)-2-[4-amino-5-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (500 mg, 1.03 mmol) in 10 ml of DCM, TFA (10 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated to give (S)-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (400 mg), which was subjected to the next step without any further purification. Step 6 [0938] To a mixture of (S)-5-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-7-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (100 mg, 0.26 mmol, 1.0 eq), 2-cyano-3-cyclopropyl-acrylic acid (45 mg, 0.32 mmol, 1.2 eq) and DIEA (102 mg, 0.78 mmol, 3.0 eq) in 10 ml DCM was added HATU (150 mg, 0.40 mmol, 1.5 eq). The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 h at RT under N 2 . The mixture was purified by Pre-TLC to give the title compound (71 mg). LCMS: m/z 486.2 (M+H) + [0939] Proceeding as described above but substituting 4-phenoxyphenylboronic acid with 3,5-difluoro-phenoxyphenylboronic acid and 2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl-brononic acid, (S)-2-(2-{4-amino-5-[4-(3,5-difluoro-phenoxy)-phenyl]-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl}-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropyl-acrylonitrile LCMS m/z m/z 541.1 (M+H) + and (S)-2-{2-[4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl}-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-3-cyclopropyl-acrylonitrile LCMS m/z 523.2 (M+H) + were prepared respectively. Example 29 Synthesis of (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl′-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0940] Step 1 [0941] To a solution of 4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (10 g, 65.12 mmol, 1.0 eq) in THF (300 mL), NaH (5.30 g, 130.24 mmol, 2 eq) was added at 0° C. After 3 h, benzenesulfonyl chloride (22.53 g, 130.24 mmol, 2 eq) was added. The temperature was warmed to RT and continued for 1 h. The reaction mixture was poured into sat. NH 4 Cl and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layers were dried, concentrated and purified by column chromatography (eluting with 10% EtOAc in PE) to afford 4-chloro-7-(phenylsulfonyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine as brown solid (4.5 g, 24% in yield) Step 2 [0942] To the solution of 4-chloro-7-(phenylsulfonyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (3 g, 12.6 mmol, 1.0 eq) and TMEDA (3.0 mL, 18.9 mmol, 1.5 eq) in THF (120 mL), n-BuLi (7.5 mL, 18.9 mmol, 1.5 eq) was added at −78° C. After 3 min, CH 3 I (3.7 mL, 59.2 mmol, 4.7 eq) was added. After 3 h, the reaction mixture was warmed to RT over 1 h. The reaction was quenched by addition of sat NH 4 Cl (10 mL) at −78° C. EtOAc (200 mL) and water (100 mL) was added. The organic layer was separated, dried and concentrated to afford 4-chloro-6-methyl-7-(phenylsulfonyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine as a brown solid (6.7 g, 90% in yield). Step 3 [0943] To the solution of 4-chloro-6-methyl-7-(phenylsulfonyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (10 g, 32.5. mmol, 1.0 eq) in THF (400 mL), t-BuOK (18.23 g, 163.0 mmol, 5 eq) was added and stirred at RT for 12 h. Sat. NaHCO 3 (50 mL) was added and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layers were separated, dried and concentrated to afford 4-chloro-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine as a brown solid (2.7 g, 50% in yield). Step 4 [0944] To the solution of 4-chloro-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine (1.0 g, 5.97 mmol, 1.0 eq) and (S)-tert-butyl 2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (1.32 g, 6.57 mmol, 1.1 eq) and PPh 3 (3.03 g, 11.94 mmol, 2.0 eq) in THF (50 mL), DIEA (2.08 g, 11.94 mmol, 2.0 eq) was added at 0° C. The resulted mixture was stirred and warmed to RT for 12 h. Solvent was removed and purified by column chromatography (eluting with 10% EtOAc in PE) to afford (S)-tert-butyl 2-((4-chloro-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl) methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a white solid (2.08 g, 100% in yield). Step 5 [0945] To the solution of (S)-tert-butyl 2-((4-chloro-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (1.0 g, 2.86 mmol, 1.0 eq) in DMF (20 mL), NIS (0.675 g, 3.00 mmol, 1.05 eq) was added at 0° C. The resulted mixture was stirred and warmed to RT for 12 h. Solvent was removed and purified by column chromatography to afford (S)-tert-butyl 2-((4-chloro-5-iodo-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as white solid (1.0 g, 77% in yield) which was converted to the title compound as described in Example 30 above. LCMS m/z 519.1 (M+H) + . [0946] Proceeding as described above but substituting 4-phenoxyphenylboronic acid with 2-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane and 2-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane, (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-5-(4-(3,5-difluorophenoxy)phenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile LCMS m/z m/z 555.2 (M+H) + and (S)-2-(4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile LCMS m/z 536.6 (M+H) + were prepared respectively. Example 30 Synthesis of (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(dimethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile [0947] [0948] To a solution of (S)-3-(2-((4-amino-6-methyl-5-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (0.1 g, 0.21 mmol, 1.0 eq) in EtOH (2 mL) was added 2-(dimethylamino)-2-methylpropanal (0.06 g, 0.53 mmol, 2.5 eq) and piperidine acetate (5 mg). The resulted solution was stirred at 70° C. for 12 h, concentrated and purified by pre-HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (5 mg, 4% in yield). LCMS m/z 564.1 (M+H) + . Example 31 Synthesis of (R)-4-amino-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile tris (2,2,2-trifluoroacetate) salt [0949] Step 1 [0950] A solution of 34(R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (141 mg, 0.30 mmol, 1.0 equiv), tert-butyl 2-methyl-1-oxopropan-2-ylcarbamate (1.12 g, 6.00 mmol, 20.0 equiv), piperidine (255 mg, 3.0 mmol, 10.0 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane (15 mL) was refluxed for 2 h. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was submitted to flash chromatography eluting with ethyl acetate to give (R)-tert-butyl (5-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl)carbamate 90 mg as a pale yellow solid. Step 2 [0951] To a solution of (R,E)-tert-butyl (5-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl)carbamate (90 mg, 0.14 mmol, 1 equiv) in 16 mL DCM was added 4 mL trifluoroacetic acid dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at room temperature. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm Sum; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH3CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm to give the title compound as a pale light yellow solid. [0952] MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 541 (M+1). H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): 12.23 (brs, 1H), 11.77 (brs, 1H), 10.36 (brs, 1H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.95 (brs, 1H), 7.54-7.44 (m, 3H), 7.35-7.28 (m, 2H), 7.19-7.13 (m, 2H), 6.96 (d, J=8.8, 1H), 6.88 (d, J=11.2, 1H), 6.09 (brs, 1H), 4.88-4.74 (m, 3H), 4.76-4.55 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.58 (m, 2H), 2.17-1.74 (m, 4H), 1.56 (d, 6H). Example 32 Synthesis of (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile [0953] Step 1 [0954] To a solution of 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (3.0 g, 22.20 mmol, 1.0 eq) in DMF (30 mL), NIS (6.7 g, 24.42 mmol, 1.1 eq) was added at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at 60° C. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and 10% aq. NaHCO 3 (150 mL) was added to the reaction mixture. The solid was filtered and re-crystallization from DMF solvent to give 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (4.0 g, 69% in yield). Step 2 [0955] To a solution of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (4.0 g, 15.32 mmol, 1.0 eq), (S)-3-hydroxypiperidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (4.313 g, 21.44 mmol, 1.4 eq), and PPh 3 (8.031 g, 30.64 mmol, 2.0 eq) in dry THF (200 mL), DIAD (4.658 g, 22.98 mmol, 1.5 eq) was added at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 72 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by silica gel chromatography (eluted with PE: EtOAc=1:1) to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (2.8 g, 41.2% in yield). Step 3 [0956] A solution of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (2.8 g, 6.16 mmol, 1.0 eq), 2-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.7 g, 6.16 mmol, 1.0 eq), Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (0.28 g, 0.08 mmol, 0.07 eq) and Na 2 CO 3 (1.7 g, 15.4 mmol, 2.5 eq) in dioxane/H 2 O (40/10 mL) was stirred at 90° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by Pre-TLC to afford (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.7 g, 51.1% yield). Step 4 [0957] To a solution of (R)-tert-butyl 3-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.7 g, 3.15 mmol) in 20 ml of DCM, TFA (20 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 4 h. The mixture was washed with sat. NaHCO 3 (10 mL) and concentrated to give (R)-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1-(piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (1.1 g, 80% yield). Step 5 [0958] To a mixture of (R)-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1-(piperidin-3-yl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (100 mg, 0.23 mmol, 1.0 eq), 2-cyano-4-methyl-pent-2-enoic acid (38 mg, 0.27 mmol, 1.2 eq) and DIEA (88 mg, 0.68 mmol, 3.0 eq) in 10 ml DCM was added HATU (130 mg, 0.34 mmol, 1.5 eq). The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 h at RT under N 2 . The mixture was purified by Pre-HPLC to give the title compound (25 mg40% yield). LCMS: m/z + (562.2) (M+H)+ 1HNMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 0.784˜1.186 (m, 7H), 1.765˜2.254 (m, 5H), 2.861˜4.937 (m, 4H), 6.218 (m, 0.4H), 6.857˜7.600 (m, 6H), 8.255 (s, 1H) and 9.888 (m, 1H). Example 33 Synthesis of 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-ethoxy-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile 2,2,2-trifluoroacetate [0959] [0960] A solution of 3-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (202.8 mg, 0.40 mmol, 1.0 equiv), 2-ethoxy-2-methylpropanal (232 mg, 2.00 mmol, 5.0 equiv), piperidine (68 mg, 0.80 mmol, 2.0 equiv) in EtOH (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The volatile phase was removed off under reduced pressure. The residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water in 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm. This resulted in 30 mg (10.43%) of the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 606 (M-TFA+1) [0961] H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): 11.51 (brs, 1H), 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.60 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.19-7.13 (m, 3H), 7.03-6.93 (m, 2H), 6.90 (d, J=10.8, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.09 (brs, 1H), 4.96-4.93 (m, 1H), 4.72-4.65 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.51 (m, 2H), 3.49-3.43 (q, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.19-1.82 (m, 4H), 1.45 (s, 6H), 1.27-1.24 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 3H). Example 34 Synthesis of (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0962] [0963] To a solution of 3-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (2173.mg, 4.61 mmol) in ethanol (36 mL) was added cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (0.53 mL, 6.91 mmol) and piperidine (0.23 mL, 2.3 mmol). The reaction was heated to 90° C. for 75 minutes, then cooled and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (200 mL) and washed with water and then brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO4), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by Isolera (100 g column, 1%-7% MeOH/DCM) to provided 1.32 g (55% yield) of the title compound. LCMS m/z 524 (M+H) + . Example 35 Synthesis of N-(2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide [0964] Step 1 [0965] To a solution of 3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (300 mg, 1.0 mmole), triphenylphosphine (1.04 g, 3.96 mmole) and tert-butyl (2-hydroxyethyl)carbamate (238 mg, 1.5 mmoles) in THF (25 mL) was added DIAD (0.4 mL, 2 mmoles). The reaction was stirred for 5 hrs at room temperature and then water (30 mL) was added and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined, washed with aq. NaHCO 3 and brine, then dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The resulting tert-butyl (2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)carbamate was used without further purification. Step 2 [0966] The tert-butyl (2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)carbamate was dissolved in TFA (5 mL). After 30 minutes of stirring at room temperature, the reaction was diluted with water and washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was basified to pH=11-12 with NaOH and then washed with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), filtered and concentrated to collect 320 mg of 1-(2-aminoethyl)-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine. Step 3 [0967] To a solution of 1-(2-aminoethyl)-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (287 mg, 0.829 mmole), 2-cyanoacetic acid (85 mg, 1.0 mmole) and TEA (0.14 ml, 1.0 mmole) in DMF (10 mL) was added HATU (347 mg, 0.912 mmole). After stirring 3 hr at room temperature, water was added and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with aq. NaHCO 3 and brine, then dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The resulting residue was subjected to column chromatography (3% MeOH/DCM) to provide 90 mg (22% yield from step 1) of N-(2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyanoacetamide. Step 4 [0968] A solution of N-(2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyanoacetamide (90 mg, 0.22 mole), cyclopropylcarboxaldehyde (18 mg, 0.26 mmole) and piperidine (22 mg, 0.26 mmole) in MeOH (5 mL) was stirred for 3 hr at room temperature. Then water was added and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined and washed with aq. NaHCO 3 and brine, then dried (Na 2 SO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (3% MeOH/DCM) to provide 39 mg (38% yield) of the title compound as a white solid. LCMS m/z 466 (M+H) + . Example 36 Synthesis of N-(2-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropyl-N-methylacrylamide [0969] [0970] The title compound was prepared as described in Example 35 except tert-butyl (2-hydroxyethyl)(methyl)carbamate was used in step 1. LCMS m/z 480 (M+H) + . Example 37 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0971] Step 1 [0972] A solution of 3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1-(R)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (50 mg, 0.12 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (14 mg, 0.18 mmol, 1.50 equiv), HATU (52 mg, 0.18 mmol, 1.5 equiv) and TEA (42 mg, 0.40 mmol, 5.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (10 mL) was stirred overnight at 25° C. It was quenched with water (50 mL), which was extracted with EA. The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtrated and concentrated. The residue was submitted to flash chromatography (SiO 2 , PE: EtOAc=2:1 to 1:1) to give 48 mg (83%) of 3-((R)-2-(4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile as a yellow solid. Step 2 [0973] A solution of 3-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (240 mg, 0.47 mmol, 1.00 equiv), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (98.7 mg, 1.41 mmol, 3.00 equiv) and piperidine (42 mg, 0.47 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in ethanol (15 mL) was stirred for 3 h at 65° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm Sum; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm. This resulted in 100 mg (36%) of the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 560(M+1) H-NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD, ppm): 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.68-7.65 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.30-7.20 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.11 (t, 1H), 7.03-7.00 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 2H), 6.58 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 4.92-4.87 (m, 1H) 3.65-3.60 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.46 (m, 1H), 2.14 (m, 1H), 1.99-1.81 (m, 4H), 1.24-1.23 (m, 2H), 0.93-0.77 (m, 2H). [0974] Proceeding as described above, but substituting 3-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile with (R)-3-(3-(4-amino-3-(2,3-difluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile and cyclopropanecarbaldehyde with 2-methyl-2-morpholino-propanal, (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2,3-difluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile was prepared. Example 38 Synthesis of (S)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-cyclopropylacrylonitrile [0975] Step 1 [0976] To a suspension of (S)-tert-butyl 2-((4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (2.7 g, 6.00 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenylboronic acid (1.6 g, 6.00 mmol, 1.00 equiv), potassium carbonate (3.3 g, 24.00 mmol, 4.00 equiv) in 1,4-dioxane (40 mL) and water (10 mL) was added Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (488 mg, 0.60 mmol, 0.10 equiv) under nitrogen atmosphere. The resulting solution was stirred overnight at 90° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1:5 to 2:1). This resulted in 1.97 g (61%) of (2S)-tert-butyl 2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a reddish solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 541 (M+1) Step 2 [0977] To a solution of (2S)-tert-butyl 2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (1.97 g, 3.65 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in DCM (30 mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid (7.5 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 4 h at room temperature. This solution was concentrated under reduced pressure. This resulted in 2.4 g (Crude) of 3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1-((S)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine trifluoroacetic acid salt as a reddish oil. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 441 (M+1) Step 3 [0978] A solution of 3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1-((S)-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (2.4 g Crude, 3.65 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (0.47 g, 5.48 mmol, 1.50 equiv), HATU (2.08 g, 5.48 mmol, 1.50 equiv), TEA (2.54 ml, 18.25 mmol, 5.00 equiv) in DCM (40 mL) was stirred overnight at room temperature. The resulting mixture was diluted with water, and extracted with DCM. The DCM layers were combined and washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated. The residue was submitted to flash chromatography (SiO 2 , PE: EtOAc=2:1 to 1:1) to give 1.28 g (69%) of 3-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile as a yellow solid. Step 4 [0979] A solution of 3-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(4-(2,3-difluorophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (304.2 mg, 0.60 mmol, 1.00 equiv), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (210 mg, 3 mmol, 5 equiv), piperidine (102 mg, 1.20 mmol, 2 equiv) in EtOH (20 mL) was stirred overnight at rt. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. Then concentrated and purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm Sum; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH3CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm. This resulted in 90 mg (22.3%) of the title compound as a white solid.MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 560 (M-TFA+1) H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): 11.94 (brs, 1H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.62-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.13 (m, 2H), 7.04-6.98 (m, 2H), 6.91 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 6.01 (brs, 1H), 4.96-4.86 (m, 1H), 4.76-4.62 (m, 2H), 3.71-3.62 (m, 1H), 3.61-3.45 (m, 1H), 2.12-1.82 (m, 5H), 1.30-1.28 (m, 2H), 0.94-0.89 (m, 2H). Example 39 Synthesis of N-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-cyano-3-cyclopropylacrylamide [0980] Step 1 [0981] A solution of 2,2-dimethylpropane-1,3-diol (20.8 g, 199.72 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and HBr (1 mL) was stirred for 1 h at 110° C. in an oil bath, then a solution of HBr (17.82 g, 220 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in AcOH (100 mL) was loaded dropwise, the resulting mixture was stirred for another 11 hr at 110° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. To this residue were added ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (270 mL), water (90 mL) and LiOH (9.6 g, 2.00 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at 25° C., which was extracted with ether. The organic layers were combined, washed with hydrogen chloride (1 N), washed with brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 15 g (45%) of 3-bromo-2,2-dimethylpropan-1-ol as a colorless oil. Step 2 [0982] To a solution of 2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-1,3-dione (3.1 g, 21.07 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 3-bromo-2,2-dimethylpropan-1-ol (3.4 g, 23.2 mmol, 1.10 equiv), triphenylphosphane (10.9 g, 41.56 mmol, 2.00 equiv) in THF (100 mL) was loaded diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (8.3 g, 41.09 mmol, 2.00 equiv) dropwise at 0° C. under nitrogen atmosphere. The resulting solution was stirred for 12 h at 25° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/50). This resulted in 3.2 g (51%) of 2-(3-bromo-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-1,3-dione as a colorless oil. Step 3 [0983] A suspension of 3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (400 mg, 1.3 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-(3-bromo-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-1,3-dione (570 mg, 1.95 mmol, 1.50 equiv) and cesium carbonate (847 mg, 2.60 mmol, 2.00 equiv) in NMP (50 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 12 h under nitrogen atmosphere. It was quenched with water (150 mL). The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (5×30 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane /methanol (10/1). This resulted in 280 mg (41%) of 2-(2-[[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-2-methylpropyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-1,3-dione as a yellow oil. Step 4 [0984] A solution of 2-[3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropyl]-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-1,3-dione (200 mg, 0.39 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and hydrazine (130 mg, 3.25 mmol, 8.00 equiv) in ethanol (30 mL) was stirred for 3 h at 70° C. in an oil bath. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. Water (50 mL) was added to the residue. The resulting solution was extracted with dichloromethane (3×50 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with dichloromethane/methanol (30/1). This resulted in 0.06 g (40%) of 1-(3-amino-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a yellow oil. Step 5 [0985] A solution of 1-(3-amino-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (110 mg, 0.28 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (36 mg, 0.42 mmol, 1.50 equiv), HATU (0.108 g, 1.00 equiv) and triethylamine (57 mg, 0.56 mmol, 2.00 equiv) in N,N-dimethylformamide (10 mL) was stirred for 5 h at 25° C. It was quenched with water (100 mL). The resulting solution was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×50 mL). The organic layers were combined, washed with brine. dried and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column eluting with dichloromethane/methanol (50/1). This resulted in 100 mg (78%) of N-[3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropyl]-2-cyanoacetamide as a yellow oil. Step 6 [0986] A solution of N-(3-(4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-cyanoacetamide (0.12 g, 0.26 mmol, 1.0 eq.), cyclopropanecarbaldehyde (56 mg, 0.78 mmol, 3.0 eq.) and a drop of piperidine in ethanol (15 mL) was refluxed overnight. The volatile phase was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was applied on silica gel eluting with petroleum: ethyl acetate (1:1).This provided 50 mg (38%) of the title compound as a white solid.MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 508 (M+1) H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, ppm): 8.59 (t, 1H), 8.29 (s, 1H), 7.69-7.66 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 2H), 7.46-7.41 (t, J=6.6, 7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.21-7.11 (m, 5H), 7.05-7.02 (d, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 4.18 (s, 2H), 3.04-3.02 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 1.98-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.21-1.26 (m, 2H), 1.0-0.92 (m, 2H), 0.91 (s, 6H). Example 40 Synthesis of 2-((S)-2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile [0987] Step 1 [0988] To a solution of 2-amino-2-methylpropanoic acid (10.3 g, 0.1 mol, 1.0 equiv) in 1 N NaOH (100 mL) and THF (30 mL) was added (Boc) 2 O (26 g, 0.12 mol, 1.2 equiv) portionwise at room temperature. This mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The mixture was concentrated and then extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL×2). The aqueous phase was adjusted to PH=3˜4, then extracted with ethyl acetate (200 mL×2). The organic phases were combined, washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated to give 9 g (44%) of the desired product 2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-2-methylpropanoic acid as a white solid. Step 2 [0989] To a solution of 2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-2-methylpropanoic acid (8.12 g, 0.04 mol, 1 equiv) in DMF (100 mL) was added NaH (4.8 g, 0.12 mol, 3.0 equiv) portionwise at 0° C. The mixture was stirred for 5 min at this temperature then ethyl iodide (18.7 g, 0.12 mol, 3.0 equiv) was added dropwise at 0° C. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight then it was quenched with H 2 O, extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phases were combined, washed with brine, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified on silica gel column (PE/EA=5/1) to give 6 g (57%) of the desired product ethyl 2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl(ethyl)amino)-2-methylpropanoate as a colorless oil. Step 3 [0990] To a suspension of LiAlH 4 (760 mg, 20 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in THF (50 mL) was added ethyl 2-(tert-butoxycarbonyl(ethyl)amino)-2-methylpropanoate (5.18 g, 20 mmol, 1 equiv) at 0° C. under N 2 . The mixture was stirred for 4 h at 0° C. It was quenched with ice/water at 0° C., then extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 and concentrated. The residue was purified by a silica gel column (pet. ether/ethyl acetate=4/1) to give 2 g (45%) of tert-butyl ethyl(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)carbamate as a colorless oil. Step 4 [0991] To a solution of tert-butyl ethyl(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)carbamate (2.18 g, 10 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in DCM (150 mL) was added Dess -martin periodinane (4.24 g, 10 mmol, 1.0 equiv) portionwise at 0° C. The resulting mixture was stirred for 4 h at room temperature. Saturated solutions of aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate and sodium thiosulfate were added. The resulting mixture was stirred for 0.5 h. The organic phase was separated, washed with saturated sodium hydrogencarbonate, brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated to give 1.5 g (71%) of tert-butyl methyl(2-ethyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate as a colorless oil. Step 5 [0992] To a solution of 3-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (236 mg, 0.5 mmol, 1 equiv) and tert-butyl ethyl(2-methyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (2.15 g, 10 mmol, 20 equiv) in dioxane (30 mL) was added 0.5 mL piperidine, 1 drop AcOH and 2 g of 4 A molecular sieves. The resulting mixture was stirred for 2 h at 110° C. The solids was filtered out, the filtrate was diluted with 200 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated and purified by silica gel column (ethyl acetate/MeOH 10/1) to give 60 mg (19%) of tert-butyl 5-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl(ethyl)carbamate as a white solid. Step 6 [0993] To a solution of tert-butyl 5-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl(ethyl)carbamate (60 mg, 0.089 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) was added 2 mL of CF 3 COOH. The mixture was stirred for 2 h at room temperature, then concentrated and purified by Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm. This resulted in 12 mg (16%) of the title compound as a white solid and bis TFA salt. LC-MS: m/z 569 (M+H + ). H 1 -NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 +D 2 O, ppm): 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.51-7.44 (m, 3H), 7.37 (s, 1H), 7.28-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.4, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (q, J=11.6 Hz, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 4.89-4.65 (m, 3H), 3.76-3.57 (m, 4H), 2.14-1.83 (m, 4H), 1.50-1.49 (d, 6H), 1.31 (t, q=6.8 Hz, 3H). Example 41 Synthesis of 2-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(ethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile [0994] Step 1 [0995] To a solution of 3-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (236 mg, 0.5 mmol, 1 equiv) and tert-butyl ethyl(2-methyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (2.15 g, 10 mmol, 20 equiv) in dioxane (30 mL) was added 0.5 mL piperidine, 1 drop AcOH and 2 g of 4 A molecular sieves. The resulting mixture was stirred for 2 h at 110° C. The solids was filtered out, the filtrate was diluted with 200 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated and purified on silica gel column (ethyl acetate/MeOH 10/1) to give 60 mg (19%) of tert-butyl 5-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl(ethyl)carbamate as a white solid. Step 2 [0996] To a solution of tert-butyl 5-((R)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-4-cyano-2-methyl-5-oxopent-3-en-2-yl(ethyl)carbamate (60 mg, 0.089 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added 2.5 mL of CF 3 COOH. The mixture was stirred for 2 h at room temperature. The volatile phase was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm. This resulted 12 mg (16%) of the title compound as a white solid and bis TFA salt. LC-MS: m/z 569 (M+H + ). H-NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD, ppm): 8.37 (s, 1H), 7.72 (s, 1H), 7.57 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.28 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.97 (dd, J=8.4 Hz, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.91 (dd, J=11.6 Hz, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 4.95-4.82 (m, 2H), 4.70-4.65 (m, 1H), 3.71-3.65 (m, 3H), 3.59-3.55 (m, 1H), 2.15-2.11 (m, 1H), 2.02-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.79 (m, 1H), 1.53 (s, 3H), 1.47 (s, 3H), 1.29 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). Example 42 Synthesis of 2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(cyclopropylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile [0997] Step 1 [0998] To a 250 mL of sealed tube was added ethyl 2-bromo-2-methylpropanoate (19.4 g, 0.1 mol, 1.0 equiv), cyclopropanamine (11.4 g, 0.2 mol, 2.0 equiv), K 2 CO 3 (27.6 g, 0.2 mol, 2.0 equiv), KI (1.66 g, 0.01 mol, 0.1 equiv) and 200 mL of MeCN. The mixture was stirred at 100° C. for 12 h then cooled to room temperature and the solids were filtered. The filtrate was concentrated and purified on silica gel column eluting with pet. ether/ethyl acetate=4/1 to give 8.0 g (46%) of ethyl 2-(cyclopropylamino)-2-methylpropanoate. Step 2 [0999] To a solution of LiAlH 4 (760 mg, 20 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in THF (50 mL) was added ethyl 2-(cyclopropylamino)-2-methylpropanoate (3.42 g, 20 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in THF (10 mL) at 0° C. under N 2 . The resulting suspension was stirred at 0° C. for 2 h. The reaction was quenched with Na 2 SO 4 .10H 2 O (3.0 g) at 0° C. The solid was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. This resulted in 2-(cyclopropylamino)-2-methylpropan-1-ol 1.3 g (50%) as a white solid. Step 3 [1000] To a solution of oxalyl chloride (11.43 g, 90 mmol, 1.5 equiv) in DCM (300 mL) was added DMSO (11.7 g, 150 mmol, 2.5 equiv) at −78° C. under N 2 atmosphere. The resulting mixture was stirred for 0.5 h then a solution of 2-(cyclopropylamino)-2-methylpropan-1-ol (7.74 g, 60 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in DCM (20 mL) was added dropwise at −78° C. and then stirred for another 1 h. Then TEA (36.4 g, 0.36 mol, 6.0 equiv) was added and stirring was continued for 20 min at room temperature. The reaction was then diluted with DCM (200 mL) and washed with aq. NaHCO 3 and brine, dried over Na 2 SO 4 , concentrated to give the crude product, which was purified with distillation under reduced pressure. This resulted in 1.0 g (13%) of 2-(cyclopropylamino)-2-methylpropanal was obtained as a colorless oil. Step 4 [1001] A solution of 3-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (118 mg, 0.25 mmol, 1.0 equiv), 2-(cyclopropylamino)-2-methylpropanal (0.16 g, 1.25 mmol, 5.0 equiv) and one drop of piperidine in MeCN (10 mL) was stirred overnight at 40° C. The solvent was removed and the residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, water with 0.05% TFA and CH 3 CN (40% CH 3 CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 mm. This resulted in 40 mg (27%) of the title compound as a white solid and bis TFA salt. LC-MS: m/z 581 (M+H + ). H 1 -NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 +D 2 O, ppm): 8.33 (s, 1H), 7.54-7.43 (m, 3H), 7.33 (s, 1H), 7.28-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.07 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.94 (dd, J=8.4, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (dd, J=11.6, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 4.89-4.64 (m, 3H), 3.65-3.52 (m, 2H), 2.78 (m, 1H), 2.14-1.79 (m, 4H), 1.57-1.55 (d, 6H), 1.20 (m, 2H), 0.98 (m, 2H). Example 43 Synthesis of 2-((S)-2-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-(2-methoxyethylamino)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile [1002] [1003] To a suspension of 4-amino-2-((S)-2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methylpent-2-enenitrile (210 mg, 0.39 mmol, 1.0 equiv), KI (130 mg, 0.78 mmol, 2.0 equiv) and potassium carbonate (166 mg, 1.17 mmol, 3.0 equiv) in CH 3 CN (15 mL) was added 1-bromo-2-methoxyethane (160 mg, 1.17 mmol, 3.0 equiv). The resulting suspension was stirred at 50° C. overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and then water (20 mL) was added to the residue. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL*3). The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified on Prep-HPLC. Conditions: (1#-Pre-HPLC-001(SHIMADZU)): Column, SunFire Prep C18, 19*150 mm 5 um; mobile phase, WATER WITH 0.5% NH 4 OH and CH3CN (40% CH3CN up to 100% in 20 min); Detector, 254 nm. This resulted in 8.7 mg (3.7%) of the title compound as an off-white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 599 (M+1) H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): 8.38 (s, 1H), 7.54 (t, J=8.4, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (t, J=7.6, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.28-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.95 (dd, J=8.4, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (dd, J=11.2, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.77 (s, 1H), 5.42 (brs, 2H), 4.93-4.90 (m, 1H), 4.83-4.82 (m, 1H), 4.70-4.65 (m, 1H), 3.67-3.65 (m, 5H), 3.36 (s, 3H), 3.36-3.31 (m, 1H), 2.20-2.89 (m, 3H), 1.88-1.71 (m, 1H), 1.61-1.51 (m, 4H), 1.35 (s, 3H), 1.33 (s, 3H). Example 44 Synthesis of 2-{2-[4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl}-3-cyclopropyl-acrylonitrile [1004] Step 1 [1005] The mixture of 2-(4-amino-5-iodo-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyp-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (500.00 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.0 eq), 3-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl-boronic acid (240.00 mg, 1.13 mmol, 1.0 eq), Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (100.00 mg) and Na 2 CO 3 (300.00 mg,2.83 mmol, 2.5 eq) in dioxane/H 2 O (40/10 ml) was stirred at 90° C. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by Pre-TLC to afford 400 mg (70%) of 2-[4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester. Step 2 [1006] To a solution of 2-[4-amino-5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-ylmethyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (400 mg, 0.79 mmol) in 10 ml of DCM, was added TFA (10 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was then concentrated to give 5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-7-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (320 mg), which was used in the next step without any further purification. Step 3 [1007] To a mixture of 5-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-7-pyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamine (100 mg, 0.25 mmol, 1.0 eq), 2-cyano-3-cyclopropyl-acrylic acid (42 mg, 0.3 mmol, 1.2 eq) and DIEA (97 mg, 0.75 mmol, 3.0 eq) in 10 ml of DCM was added HATU (145 mg, 0.38 mmol, 1.5 eq). The mixture was stirred for 4 h at RT under N 2 . LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified by Pre-TLC to provide 71 mg (54%) of the title compound. LCMS: m/z 523.2 (M+H) + . 1 HNMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 0.866˜0.920 (m, 2H), 1.177˜1.194 (m, 2H), 1.569 (m, 1H), 1.721 (m, 2H), 1.883 (m, 2H), 3.200 (m, 2H), 3.511 (m, 1H), 4.360˜4.475 (m, 2H), 6.125 (m, 2H), 6.642˜6.664 (m, 1H), 6.898˜6.920 (m, 1H), 6.977˜7.010 (m, 1H), 7.150˜7.232 (m, 4H), 7.371˜7.471 (m, 3H) and 8.131 (m, 1H). Example 45 Synthesis of (R)-2-(2-((4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)methyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)-3-(1-aminocyclopropyl)acrylonitrile [1008] Step 1 [1009] To a solution of tert-butyl (1-(hydroxymethyl)cyclopropyl)carbamate (Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 2008, 18(6), 2188) (135 mg, 0.72 mmoles) in DCM (8 mL) was added Dess-Martin periodinane (277 mg, 0.65 mmole). After stirring 1 hr, the reaction was filtered through celite and concentrated to a yellow oil which was further purified by Isolera (7%-70% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide 84 mg (87%) of tert-butyl (1-formylcyclopropyl)-carbamate as a white solid. Step 2 [1010] To a solution of 3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (100.mg, 0.2100 mmol) dissolved in methanol (4 mL) and DCM (4 mL) was added piperidine (0.1 mL, 0.8500 mmol) and tert-butyl N-(1-formylcyclopropyl)carbamate (58.9 mg, 0.3200 mmol). The reaction was heated to reflux for 6 hrs and then cooled and concentrated. The residue was and dissolved in ethyl acetate (50 mL) and washed with water (50 mL) and then brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by Isolera (1%-8% MeOH/DCM) to provide 39 mg (13% yield) of tert-butyl N-[1-[3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-2-cyano-3-oxo-prop-1-enyl]cyclopropyl]carbamate. Step 3 [1011] To a solution of tert-butyl N-[1-[3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-2-cyano-3-oxo-prop-1-enyl]cyclopropyl]carbamate (27 mg, 0.04 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) was added TFA (1 mL). The solution was stirred for 5 hrs. and then concentrated. The residue was purified by prep-TLC (5% MeOH/DCM) to provide 2.68 mg (12%) of the title compound. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 539 (M+1). Example 46 Synthesis of 2-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-4-methyl-4-morpholino-pent-2-enenitrile [1012] [1013] To a sealed tube was added 3-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (900 mg, 1.91 mmol), ethanol (12 mL), piperidine (0.23 mL, 2.29 mmol) and 2-methyl-2-morpholino-propanal (0.49 mL, 2.86 mmol). The tube was sealed and heated to 105° C. for 24 hrs. The mixture was then cooled, concentrated and then dissolved in ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with 5% citric acid (100 ml) and then brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was purified by Isolera (column size 100 g. Solvent system 4%-8% MeOH/EtOAc) to obtain 245 mg (21% yield) of the title compound. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 611 (M+1). [1014] Proceeding as described above by substituting 3-[(25)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile with (R)-3-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile, (R)-2-(3-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)piperidine-1-carbonyl)-4-methyl-4-morpholinopent-2-enenitrile was prepared. Example 47 Synthesis of 2-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-4-methyl-4-morpholino-pent-2-enenitrile [1015] [1016] To a sealed tube was added 3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (762.6 mg, 1.62 mmol), 2-methyl-2-morpholino-propanal (508.54 mg, 3.23 mmol), piperidine (0.08 mL, 0.81 mmol) and ethanol (6 mL). The tube was sealed and heated at 100° C. After 22 hrs, the reaction was cooled and evaporated. The residue was purified by Isolera (column size 100 g, 3%-7% MeOH/EtOAc) to obtain 550 mg (56% yield) of the title compound. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 611 (M+1). Example 48 Synthesis of 2-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-4-methyl-4-(1-piperidyl)pent-2-enenitrile [1017] [1018] A solution of 3- [(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2- fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (150.mg, 0.32 mmol), piperidine (0.03 mL, 0.32 mmol) and 2-methyl-2-(1-piperidyl)propanal (74.08 mg, 0.48 mmol) in ethanol (8 mL) was heated in a sealed tube at 90° C. for 16 hrs. The solution was cooled and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with 5% citric acid and brine and then dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was purified by Isolera (10 grams column at 0% to 6% MeOH/ethyl acetate) to obtain 15 mg (8%) of the title compound. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 609 (M+1). Example 49 Synthesis of 2-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2- fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-(1]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-4-methyl-4-(1-piperidyl)pent-2-enenitrile [1019] [1020] To a microwave vial was added 3-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (139.3 mg, 0.30 mmol), piperidine (0.04 mL, 0.35 mmol), 2-methyl-2-(1-piperidyl)propanal (68.8 mg, 0.4400 mmol) and toluene (3 mL). The vial was heated under microwave conditions at 160° C. for 3 hrs. The reaction was cooled and concentrated, then dissolved in ethyl acetate (30 mL) and washed with 2M HCl. The aqueous layer was basified to pH ˜7.5 with sat. NaHCO 3 and washed with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated and the crude material was purified by Isolera (1%-10% MeOH/ethyl acetate) to obtain 32 mg (18%) of the title compound. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 609 (M+1). Example 50 Synthesis of N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]-2-cyano-4-ethoxy-4-methyl-pent-2-enamide [1021] Step 1 [1022] To a solution of tert-butyl N-[(1R)-2-hydroxy-1-methyl-ethyl]carbamate (1.9 g, 10.8 mmol), 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (2.0 g, 7.7 mmol), and PPh 3 (6.1 g, 23.2 mmol) in THF (80 mL) cooled with an ice bath was added DIAD (3.0 mL, 15.5 mmol; in 28 mL of THF) dropwise over a 1 hour period. The reaction was then stirred for 24 h at room temperature. The mixture was diluted into ethyl acetate (50 mL) and washed with water and brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The resulting material was suspended in 20% ethyl acetate in dioxane (1000 mL) and sonicate for 1 hr. The solid was collected by filtration to obtain 2.1 g (66%) of tert-butyl N-[(1R)-2-(4-amino-3-iodo-pyrazolo[3,4-(1]pyrimidin-1-yl)-1-methyl-ethyl] carbamate as a white solid. Step 2 [1023] To a microwave tube was added tert-butyl N-[(1R)-2-(4-amino-3-iodo-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)-1-methyl-ethyl]carbamate (1.7 g, 4.1 mmol), (2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)boronic acid (1.4 g, 6.1 mmol), K 2 CO 3 (1.27 g, 9.2 mmol), and tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (213 mg, 0.18 mmol) and 1,4-dioxane (12 mL) and water (3 mL). The mixture was capped and heated under microwave conditions for 140° C. for 10 minutes. The reaction was cooled and diluted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) and washed with water (50 mL) and brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and evaporated to obtain 2.56 g of crude tert-butyl N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]carbamate. This was used in the next step without further purification. Step 3 [1024] To a solution of tert-butyl N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]carbamate (2.56 g, 5.35 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added 4N HCl in dioxane (15 ml). After stirring 18 h at room temperature, the reaction was diluted with DCM (100 mL) and extracted with water (200 mL). The aqueous layer was washed again with DCM (50 mL). The aqueous layer was placed in a 2 L beaker along with ethyl acetate (50 mL) and stirred while adding NaOH (beads) to adjust the pH to ˜11. More ethyl acetate (100 mL) was added and then the layers were separated and the aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine and then dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated to obtain 1.8 g (90%) of 1-[(2R)-2-aminopropyl]-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine as a solid. Step 4 [1025] To a solution of 1-[(2R)-2-aminopropyl]-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (1826.mg, 4.83 mmol), 2-cyanoacetic acid (821 mg, 9.7 mmol) and TEA (2.0 mL, 14.5 mmol) in DMF (25 mL) was added HATU (2.75 g, 7.24 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 hr. The mixture was then evaporated to an oil and dissolved in ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with 5% citric acid (50 mL) and brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The crude material was purified by Isolera (10 g col, 2%-6% MeOH/DCM) to obtain 2.1 g (98%) of N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]-2-cyano-acetamide. Step 5 [1026] To a sealed tube was added N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]-2-cyano-acetamide (105 mg, 0.24 mmol), piperidine (0.01 mL, 0.12 mmol), 2-ethoxy-2-methyl-propanal (0.07 mL, 0.47 mmol) and ethanol (4 mL). The tube was capped, and heated to 85° C. for 60 hrs. The reaction was cooled and evaporated. The resulting crude oil was dissolved in DCM (30 mL) and washed with water (30 mL) and brine, then dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The resulting material was purified by Isolera (10 g column, 3%-7% MeOH/DCM) to obtain 10 mg (8%) of the title compound. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 544 (M+1). Example 51 Synthesis of 4-amino-N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]-2-cyano-4-methyl-pent-2-enamide HC1 [1027] Step 1 [1028] To a sealed tube was added N-[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]-2-cyano-acetamide (160 mg, 0.36 mmol), tert-butyl N-(1,1-dimethyl-2-oxo-ethyl)carbamate (0.13 mL, 0.54 mmol) piperidine (0.02 mL, 0.18 mmol) and ethanol (4 mL). The tube was capped and heated to 110° C. for 2 hrs. The reaction was cooled and concentrated then dissolved in ethyl acetate (30 mL) and washed with water (30 mL) and brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was purified by isolera (25 g column, 2%-7% MeOH/DCM) to obtain 77 mg, (35%) of tert-butyl N-[4-[[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]amino]-3-cyano-1,1-dimethyl-4-oxo-but-2-enyl]carbamate as a solid. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 615 (M+1). Step 2 [1029] To a solution of tert-butyl N-[4-[[(1R)-2-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-ethyl]amino]-3-cyano-1,1-dimethyl-4-oxo-but-2-enyl]carbamate (71 mg, 0.12 mmol) in methanol (1 mL) was added 4N HCl in Dioxane (2 mL). The solution was stirred for 4 days and then it was added dropwise to stirring ethyl ether (70 mL). The suspension was stirred for 30 minutes and then filtered and rinse with ethyl ether (10 mL) to obtain 57 mg (95%) of the title compound as an HCl salt. Example 52 Synthesis of 2-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-3-[(2S)-pyrrolidin-2-yl]prop-2-enenitrile HCl [1030] Step 1 [1031] To a sealed tube was added 3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (507 mg, 1.07 mmol), tert-butyl (2S)-2-formylpyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (0.2,mL, 1.1 mmol), piperidine (0.05 mL, 0.54 mmol) and ethanol (3 mL). The tube was capped and heated to 100° C. for 16 hrs. The reaction was not complete so an additional amount of tert-butyl (25)-2-formylpyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (732 mg, 3 eq) was added and heating was continued for 4 hrs at 110° C. The reaction was cooled and concentrated then dissolved in DCM (50 mL) and washed with water (50 mL) and brine. The organic layer was dried (MgSO 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The resulting material was purified by Isolera (250 g column; 2%-3% MeOH/DCM) to provide 403 mg (57%) of tert-butyl (2S)-2-[3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-2-cyano-3-oxo-prop-1-enyl]pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate as a solid. Step 2 [1032] To a solution of tert-butyl (2S)-2-[3-[(2R)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-2-cyano-3-oxo-prop-1-enyl]pyrrolidine-1-carboxylate (84 mg, 0.13 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) and added 4N HCl in dioxane (0.16 mL). The solution was stirred for 16 hr at room temperature then concentrated. The residue was dissolved in methanol (˜1 mL) and added dropwise to ethyl ether (20 mL) while stirring. The resulting solid was collected by filtration to provide 42 mg (59%) of the title compound as an HCl salt. MS (pos. ion) m/z: 553 (M+1). Example 53 Synthesis of N—((S)-1-(4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-cyano-4-methylpent-2-enamide [1033] Step 1 [1034] Into a 500-mL 3-necked round-bottom flask purged and maintained with an inert atmosphere of nitrogen, to a mixture of 3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (7.83 g, 30.00 mmol, 1.00 equiv), TPP (11.8 g, 44.99 mmol, 1.50 equiv), tetrahydrofuran (200 mL), tert-butyl N-[(2S)-1-hydroxypropan-2-yl]carbamate (6.3 g, 35.95 mmol, 1.00 equiv) was added DIAD (9.1 g, 45.00 mmol, 1.50 equiv) was added dropwise at 0° C. Most of the solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the solid was collected by filtration, which was washed with pet. ether. This resulted in 5.6 g (45%) of tert-butyl-N-[(2S)-1-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]carbamate as a yellow powder solid. Step 2 [1035] A mixture of tert-butyl N-[(2S)-1-[4-amino-3-iodo-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]carbamate (3.5 g, 8.37 mmol, 1.00 equiv), Pd(dppf)Cl 2 (310 mg, 0.42 mmol, 0.05 equiv), potassium carbonate (3.5 g, 25.32 mmol, 3.00 equiv), (2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)boronic acid (2.05 g, 8.84 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in dioxane/H2O (4/1) (50 mL) was stirred for 4 h at 100° C. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/1). This resulted in 3.7 g (92%) of tert-butyl N-[(2S)-1-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]carbamate as a yellow solid. Step 3 [1036] A mixture of tert-butyl N-[(2S)-1-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]carbamate (3.7 g, 7.73 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and trifluoroacetic acid (10 mL) in dichloromethane (40 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. This resulted in 4.5 g (crude) of 1-[(2S)-2-aminopropyl]-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine; trifluoroacetic acid as a brown solid. Step 4 [1037] To a mixture of N-[(2R)-1-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (4.5 g, 9.49 mmol, 1.00 equiv), triethylamine (4.6 g, 45.4 mmol, 6.00 equiv), 2-cyanoacetic acid (980 mg, 11.52 mmol, 1.50 equiv) in DMF (40 mL) was added HATU (4.4 g, 11.57 mmol, 1.50 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and then diluted with 50 mL of water. The solid was filtrated off and washed with pet. ether. This resulted in 2.5 g (59%, two step) of N-[(2S)-1-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]-2-cyanoacetamide as a yellow solid. Step 5 [1038] A suspension of N-[(2S)-1-[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]propan-2-yl]-2-cyanoacetamide (250 mg, 0.56 mmol, 1.00 equiv), 2-methylpropanal (81 mg, 1.12 mmol, 2.00 equiv) and piperidine (47 mg, 0.55 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in methanol (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was applied onto a silica gel column with ethyl acetate/petroleum ether (1/1). The purified product was re-purified on Prep-HPLC eluting with TFA (0.05%)/H 2 O and CH 3 CN. The organic phase was removed off under reduced pressure. The aqueous phase was adjusted to 10 with potassium carbonate, which was extracted with DCM. The organic layers were combined, washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfated, filtrated and concentrated. This resulted in 46.4 mg (17%) of the title compound as a white solid. LC-MS m/z: 500 (M+1). H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 , ppm): 8.49 (s, 1H), 8.12 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (m, 3H), 7.25-7.21 (m, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.94 (dd, J=8.4, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (dd, J=11.2, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 5.51 (brs, 2H), 4.74-4.55 (m, 3H), 3.00-2.95 (m, 1H), 1.21 (d, J=6.8, 3H), 1.15 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 6H). Example 54 2-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2- fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-(1]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-3-(3-methyloxetan-3-yl)prop-2-enenitrile [1039] [1040] To a slurry of 3-[(2S)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-oxo-propanenitrile (74.mg, 0.16 mmol) in ethanol (3 mL) was added 3-methyloxetane-3-carbaldehyde (78.54 mg, 0.78 mmol) and then piperidine (0.02 mL, 0.16 mmol) and the mixture heated to 80° C. with stirring. After 3 h, the mixture was cooled and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried over sodium sulfate, and the filtered. Solvents were removed to afford an oil which was purified by column chromatography (gradient from neat methylene chloride to 95-5 methylene chloride:MeOH). The pure fractions were concentrated, then taken up in acetonitrile/water, frozen and lyophilized to afford 2-[(25)-2-[[4-amino-3-(2-fluoro-4-phenoxy-phenyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl]-3-(3-methyloxetan-3-yl)prop-2-enenitrile as a colorless solid weighing 14 mg. Biological Examples Tyrosine Kinase TR-FRET Assay [1041] Inhibition of tyrosine kinase enzymatic activity by compounds is measured using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) (Invitrogen pamphlet: Optimization of a LanthaScreen Kinase assay for BTK). Here, a signal is observed only when a Europium-coupled phophotyrosine antibody binds the phosphorylated peptide. Compounds are first prepared in 100% DMSO and serially diluted 10 times via 3-fold dilution. 2.5 μl of inhibitor at 4-fold the final assay concentration is next transferred to the 384-well assay plate (Corning Catalog #3676). A solution of 2-fold the final concentration of appropriate kinase enzyme and Alexafluor 647-coupled peptide substrate (Invitrogen Catalog #5693) is next prepared in advance in a kinase buffer of 50 mM Hepes pH 7.5, 10 mM MgCl2, and 1 mM EGTA. For this solution, the final concentration of the appropriate kinase and peptide is typically 1 nM and 100 nM, respectively. 5 μA, of this 2-fold mix of kinase and peptide is added as the second step of the procedure to the 384-well assay plate. To initiate the enzymatic reaction, 2.5 μl of a 4-fold excess ATP solution in kinase buffer is added to the 384-well assay plate. Final ATP concentration is typically set to the Km for ATP. The reaction is allowed to proceed for 60 minutes. During the kinase reaction, a stop solution consisting of EDTA and a Europium-containing phosphotyrosine antibody (Invtrogen Catalog #5692) is prepared in TR-FRET dilution buffer (Invitrogen Catalog #3574). The stop solution contains an EDTA concentration of 20 mM and an antibody concentration of 4 nM. After the 60 minute reaction, 10 μl of the stop solution is added to all wells. Each well is mixed and incubated for 30 minutes at room temperature. Plates are read on a Perkin Elmer Envision TR-FRET plate reader under LanthaScreen settings. Excitation wavelength is 337 nm and Emission wavelengths are 620 nm and 665 nm Data are acquired as the ratio of emission at 665 nm/emission at 620 nm and plotted as a function of compound concentration to ascertain compound potency. Here, a signal is observed only when a Europium-coupled phophotyrosine antibody binds the phosphorylated peptide. Example 2 BTK Radiometric Enzyme Assay [1042] BTK activity is measured by product formation based on the incorporation of 33 PO 4 from [33P]ATP into a biotin-tagged substrate peptide (see Dinh M., et. al., Activation mechanism and steady state kinetics of Bruton's tyrosine kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 282:8768-76. 2007). The peptide Is isolated from unreacted [ 33 P]ATP using streptavidin-coated beads. [1043] Each well of a 96-well V bottom plate (Greiner, Monroe, N.C.), contains assay buffer (8 mM imidazole, pH 7.2, 8 mM glycerol 2-phosphate, 200 uM EGTA, 20 mM MgCl 2 , 1 mM MnCl 2 , 0.1 mg/ml bovine serum albumin, and 2 mM dithiothreitol) which was combined to 40 ul with a mixture of substrates dissolved in assay buffer such that the final concentrations were 1 uCi of [ 33 P]ATP, 100 uM ATP, and peptide substrate (biotin-Aca-AAAEEIYGEI-NH2). Initiation of the reaction is by addition of BTK to a final concentration of 10 nM. The reaction is incubated at 30° C. for 15 min. The reaction is stopped by transferring 25 ul of sample to a 96-well 1.2-um hydrophilic polyvinylidene difluoride filter plate (Millipore, Billerica, Mass.) containing 10% streptavidin-Sepharose beads (GE Healthcare) dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline plus 50 mM EDTA. Filter plates are washed with 2 M NaCl, then with 2 M NaCl with 1% phosphoric acid, and then with H 2 O. Plates were allowed to dry and microscint-20 (PerkinElmer Life Sciences, Boston, Mass.) was added. The [ 33 P] phosphoproduct is detected by a top-count scintillation counter. The enzyme activity is calculated for each data point. The corrected number of counts in each well is determined by subtracting the background counts from the measured counts. This value is then divided by the total number of counts that were originally present in the solution (determined by spotting and counting an equivalent volume of unwashed sample on a filter plate) and multiplied by the concentration of ATP in solution to give the concentration of phosphorylated product formed. Selectivity for BTK will be determined using commercially available kinase cross-screening services (DiscoveRx, San Diego, Calif.). Example 3 BTK TR-FRET Assay [1044] Inhibition of BTK enzymatic activity by compounds is measured using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) (Invitrogen pamphlet: Optimization of a LanthaScreen Kinase assay for BTK). Here, a signal is observed only when a Europium-coupled phophotyrosine antibody binds the phosphorylated peptide. Compounds are first prepared in 100% DMSO and serially diluted 10 times via 3-fold dilution. 2.5 ul of inhibitor at 4-fold the final assay concentration is next transferred to the 384-well assay plate (Corning Catalog #3676). A solution of 2-fold the final concentration of BTK enzyme (Invitrogen Catalog #PV3363) and Alexafluor 647-coupled peptide substrate (Invitrogen Catalog #5693) is next prepared in advance in a kinase buffer of 50 mM Hepes pH 7.5, 10 mM MgCl2, and 1 mM EGTA. For this solution, the final concentration of BTK and peptide is typically 1 nM and 100 nM, respectively. 5 uL of this 2-fold mix of BTK and peptide is added as the second step of the procedure to the 384-well assay plate. To initiate the enzymatic reaction, 2.5 ul of a 4-fold excess ATP solution in kinase buffer is added to the 384-well assay plate. Final ATP concentration is typically set to the Km for ATP of 100 uM. The reaction is allowed to proceed for 60 minutes. During the kinase reaction, a stop solution consisting of EDTA and a Europium-containing phosphotyrosine antibody (Invtrogen Catalog #5692) is prepared in TR-FRET dilution buffer (Invitrogen Catalog #3574). The stop solution contains an EDTA concentration of 20 mM and an antibody concentration of 4 nM. After the 60 minute reaction, 10 ul of the stop solution is added to all wells. Each well is mixed and incubated for 30 minutes at room temperature. Plates are read on a Perkin Elmer Envision TR-FRET plate reader under LanthaScreen settings. Excitation wavelength is 337 nm and Emission wavelengths are 620 nm and 665 mm Data are acquired as the ratio of emission at 665 nm/emission at 620 nm and plotted as a function of compound concentration to ascertain compound potency. Here, a signal is observed only when a Europium-coupled phophotyrosine antibody binds the phosphorylated peptide. Example 4 Cellular BTK Activity Measured by Reporter Assay in Ramos Cells [1045] The beta lactamase-based select-screen reporter assay is used to measure BTK cell-based activity (Invitrogen Selectscreen Screening Protocol and Assay Conditions document. Revised 8 Feb. 2010). 32 μL of NFAT-bla RA1 (Invitrogen) cells diluted in Assay Media to appropriate cell density are added to the Poly-D-Lysine assay plate containing 4 μL of a 10× serial dilution of a BTK control compound or test compounds. Pre-incubation at 37° C./5% CO 2 in a humidified incubator with compounds and control inhibitor titration is for 30 minutes. 4 μL of 10× control activator Goat anti-Human IgM at the pre-determined EC80 concentration is added to wells containing the control inhibitor or compounds. The plate is incubated for 5 hours at 37° C./5% CO 2 in a humidified incubator. 8 μL of 1 μM Substrate Loading Solution is added to each well and the plate is incubated for 2 hours at room temperature. The plate is read on a fluorescence plate reader and the data is analyzed. A response ratio is calculated from the emissions of cleaved and uncleaved substrate. The response ratio of wells with compound dilutions is compared with wells that contain only DMSO to calculate the percent inhibition at each compound concentration. A dose response curve is constructed and an IC 50 is calculated. Example 5 Btk Enzymatic Activity Assay [1046] A Caliper-based kinase assay (Caliper Life Sciences, Hopkinton, Mass.) was used to measure inhibition of Btk kinase activity of a compound of Formula (IA), (I″) or (I). Serial dilutions of test compounds were incubated with human recombinant Btk (2 nM), ATP (40 μM) and a phosphoacceptor peptide substrate FAM-GEEPLYWSFPAKKK-NH 2 (1 μM) at room temperature for 3 h. The reaction was then terminated with EDTA, final concentration 20 mM and the phosphorylated reaction product was quantified on a Caliper Desktop Profiler (Caliper LabChip 3000). Percent inhibition was calculated for each compound dilution and the concentration that produced 50% inhibition was calculated. This value is presented as the IC 50 . The IC 50 for a representative no. of compounds of the disclosure are provided below. [0000] Cpd # IC 50 (um) Cpd # IC 50 (um) Cpd Table 1  1 0.0031  7 .0013  2 .0037  8 .13  3 .175  9 .98  4 .061  10 .0054  5 .001  11 .014  6 .365  15A 0.0017  17A .0021  24A .0062  18A .0023  25A .0096  22A .0018  27A .004  28 .017  30A .0017  31A .002  36A .0043  32A .0017  37A .0042  34 .0048  39A .0071  35A .0044  22B .0026  25B 0.14  44A 0.005  27B 0.0006  44B 0.003  39B 0.0038  54A 0.002  41A 0.0032  56A 0.0033  43A 0.0018  57B 0.01  63B 0.033  69A 0.005  65B 0.056  70A 0.011  67 0.027  72A 0.0016  42A .0028  72B 0.028  73B 0.011  79B 0.003  77B 0.007  59B 0.026  71A 0.007  80B 0.004  74B 0.008  81A 0.0044  75B 0.10  81B 0.0059  76B 0.007  82A 0.0022  78B 0.0075  82B 0.113  87B 0.012  83A 0.0014  84A 0.0036  83B 0.016  84B 0.0004  85A 0.0004  85B 0.0172  89A 3.1  87B 0.012  89B 6.6  88B 0.029  90A 0.052  95A 0.0265  95B 0.0032 102A 0.002 102B 0.006 104A 0.001 104B 0.020 105A 0.0013 105B 0.0255 106A 0.006 124A 0.002 106B 0.0015 126A 0.003 133A 0.007 139A 0.0007 156A 0.0073 171B 0.007 173B 0.034 175A 0.003 175B 0.001 182B 0.002 183B 0.003 184B 0.005 185B 0.011 186 0.0037 188 0.0007 195 0.006 180A 0.037 180B 0.004 162A 0.0009 197B 0.0325  29 A 0.0027 125 A 0.002 Cpd Table 2  1 .062  3 .013  2 >1  5 .18  6 >1  8 >1  9 .62  10 >1 Example 6 Blockade of CD69 Expression in Whole Blood Samples [1047] Activation of the B cell receptor leads to increased BTK activity, calcium mobilization and B cell activation (see Honigberg L. A., et. al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 107:13075-80. 2010). BTK inhibitors have been shown to block B cell activation as measured by CD69 expression (see Karp, R., et. al., Inhibition of BTK with AVL-292 Translates to Protective Activity in Animal Models of Rheumatoid Arthritis Inflammation Research Association Meeting, September, 2010). We used expression of CD69 following B cell activation as a measure of BTK activity in whole blood. Aliquots of whole blood are pre-incubated with serial dilutions of test compound for 30 minutes followed by activation with anti-IgM (goat Fab′2, 50 ug/ml). Samples are incubated overnight at 37 C and then stained with PE labeled anti-CD20 and APC labeled anti-CD69 (BD Pharmingen) for 30 minutes according to the manufacturer's directions. Whole blood is then lysed and cells gated on CD20 expression are quantified for CD 69 expression by FACS. The percent inhibition is calculated based on a DMSO control for no inhibition and plotted as a function of test compound concentration from which an IC 50 value is calculated. Example 7 Inhibition of Mouse Collagen-Induced Arthritis [1048] Inhibition of murine collagen-induced arthritis (mCIA) is a standard animal disease model for rheumatoid arthritis. Previous studies have demonstrated that inhibition of BTK is efficacious in blocking mCIA (see Honigberg L. A., et. al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 107:13075-80. 2010). Starting on day 0 DBA/1 mice are injected with an emulsion of Type II collagen in Complete Freund's Adjuvant. Mice are boosted 21 days later to synchronize development of disease. After development of mild disease, animals are enrolled in the study and randomized. Dosing is oral, Q.D. typically for 11 days with test compound or dexamethasone (0.2 mg/kg) as control. One group receives vehicle alone. Clinical scoring (0-4) is based on the extent of swelling and severity of arthritis. Scores for all four paws are added for maximum score of 16. Anti-collagen antibodies and total Ig are measured for each animal by Elisa at the end of the study (Bolder BioPath, Boulder, Colo.). Example 8 Recovery of Kinase Activity Upon Dialysis [1049] Standard experimental methods to establish reversibility are known in the art. Protein dialysis is one such method. A solution containing a protein kinase that is inhibited by a compound of Formula I may be subjected to extensive dialysis to establish if the kinase inhibitor is reversible. Partial or complete recovery of protein kinase activity over time during dialysis is indicative of reversibility. Method: [1050] A compound of Formula I described herein (1 uM) is added to a solution of protein kinase (50 nM, pre-activated if necessary) in a buffer containing 20 mM Hepes [pH 8.0], 10 mM MgCl2, 2.5 mM tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine (TCEP), 0.25 mg/mL BSA, and 100 uM ATP. After 60 min at rt, the reactions is transferred to a dialysis cassette (0.1-0.5 mL Slide-A-Lyzer, MWCO 10 kDa, Pierce) and dialyzed against 2 L of buffer (20 mM Hepes [pH 8.0], 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM DTT) at 4° C. The dialysis buffer is exchanged after 2 h, and then is exchanged every 24 h until the end of the experiment. Aliquots are removed from the dialysis cassettes every 24 h, flash frozen in liquid nitrogen, and subsequently analyzed for protein kinase activity in triplicate. Kinase activity for each sample is normalized to the DMSO control for that time point and expressed as the mean±SD. [1051] Results: Kinase activity recovers from inhibition by reversible kinase inhibitors upon dialysis. Upon extensive dialysis at 4° C. or at room temperature, kinase activity partially or completely recovers in a time-dependent manner from inhibition by an excess (20 equiv, 1.0 uM) of reversible kinase inhibitor. Example 9 Mass Spectral Analysis [1052] A protein kinase that is inhibited by compound of Formula I may be subjected to mass spectral analysis to assess the formation of permanent, irreversible covalent adducts. Suitable analytical methods to examine intact full protein or peptide fragments generated upon tryptic cleavage of the protein kinase are generally known in the art. Such methods identify permanent, irreversible covalent protein adducts by observing a mass peak that corresponds to the mass of a control sample plus the mass of an irreversible adduct. Two such methods are described below. Mass Spectral Analysis of Intact Full Kinase [1053] Method: [1054] A protein kinase (5 uM) is incubated with a compound of Formula I (25 uM, 5 equiv) for 1 h at room temperature in buffer (20 mM Hepes [pH 8.0], 100 mM NaCl, 10 mM MgCl2). A control sample is also prepared which does not have a compound of Formula I. The reaction is stopped by adding an equal volume of 0.4% formic acid, and the samples are analyzed by liquid chromatography (Microtrap C18 Protein column [Michrom Bioresources], 5% MeCN, 0.2% formic acid, 0.25 mL/min; eluted with 95% MeCN, 0.2% formic acid) and in-line ESI mass spectrometry (LCT Premier, Waters). Molecular masses of the protein kinase and any adducts may be determined with MassLynx deconvolution software. [1055] Results: High-resolution intact mass spectrometry analysis of a kinase that is inhibited by a compound of Formula I will reveal a spectrum similar to the kinase in the absence of inhibitor (e.g. control sample). There will be no formation of a new peak in the mass spectrum corresponding to the molecular mass of the kinase plus the molecular mass of the compound of Formula I. On the basis of this experiment no permanent, irreversible protein adduct will be apparent to one skilled in the art. Mass Spectral Analysis of Kinase Tryptic Digest Method: [1056] A protein (10-100 pmols) is incubated with a compound of Formula I (100-1000 pmols, 10 equiv) for 3 hrs prior to tryptic digestion. Iodoacetamide may be used as the alkylating agent after compound incubation. A control sample is also prepared which does not the compound of Formula I. For tryptic digests a 1 ul aliquot (3.3 pmols) is diluted with 10 ul of 0.1% TFA prior to micro C18 Zip Tipping directly onto the MALDI target using alpha cyano-4-hydroxy cinnamic acid as the desorption matrix (5 mg/mol in 0.1% TFA:Acetonitrile 50:50) or Sinapinic acid as the desorption matrix (10 mg/mol in 0.1% TFA:Acetonitrile 50:50). [1057] Results: High-resolution mass spectrometry analysis of the tryptic fragments of a kinase that is inhibited by a compound of Formula I will reveal a spectrum similar to the kinase in the absence of inhibitor (e.g. control sample). There will be no evidence of any modified peptides that are not present in the control sample. On the basis of this experiment, no permanent, irreversible protein adducts will be apparent to one skilled in the art. Cellular assays are also optionally used to assess the inhibiting properties of a compound of Formula I provided herein or embodiments thereof. Cellular assays include cells from any appropriate source, including plant and animal cells (such as mammalian cells). The cellular assays are also optionally conducted in human cells. Cellular assays of BTK inhibition are well known in the art, and include methods in which an inhibitor is delivered into the cell (e.g. by electroporation, passive diffusion, microinjection and the like) and an activity endpoint is measured, such as the amount of phosphorylation of a cellular substrate, the amount of expression of a cellular protein, or some other change in the cellular phenotype known to be affected by the catalytic activity of BTK. For example, phosphorylation of a particular cellular substrate is optionally assessed using a detection antibody specific or the phosphorylated cellular substrate followed by western blotting techniques and visualization using any appropriate means (e.g. fluorescent detection of a fluorescently labeled antibody). [1058] Measuring the reduction in the BTK catalytic activity in the presence of an inhibitor disclosed herein relative to the activity in the absence of the inhibitor is optionally performed using a variety of methods known in the art, such as the assays described in the Examples section below. Other methods for assaying BTK activity are known in the art. Example 10 Determination of Drug-Kinase Residence Time . . . Drug Off-Rate Assay [1059] The following is a protocol to distinguish whether a compound displays a slow or non-existent dissociation rate from BTK, such as typically would occur if a covalent bond is formed between the compound and the target. The read-out for slow dissociation is the ability of the compound of interest to block binding of a high affinity fluorescent tracer molecule to the kinase active site, as detected using time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET). The experiment was conducted in a buffer consisting of 50 mM Hepes pH 7.5, 10 mM MgCl 2 , 0.01% Triton X-100, and 1 mM EGTA. [1060] The first step of the procedure was incubation of 500 nM BTK (Invitrogen Cat. #PV3587) with 1.5 uM of a compound of Formula (IA) for 30 minutes in a volume of 10 uL. The mixture was then diluted 5-fold by addition of 40 uL of buffer. A 10 uL volume of the diluted kinase/compound solution was then added to a well of a small volume 384 well plate (such as Greiner Cat. #784076). In order to probe for reversibility of the kinase-compound binding interaction, a competition solution containing both a high affinity fluorescent tracer and an antibody coupled to Europium was prepared. For BTK, the competition solution contained 1.5 uM Tracer 178 (Invitrogen Cat. #PV5593), which is a proprietary high affinity ligand for BTK coupled to the fluorophore AlexaFluor 647. The competition solution also contained 80 nM of an Anti-polyhistidine antibody coupled to Europium (Invitrogen Cat. #PV5596) which is designed to bind the polyhistidine purification tag in BTK. [1061] After addition of 10 uL of the competition solution to the Greiner plate, the mixture was incubated for one hour or greater to allow time for dissociation of non-covalent inhibitors and binding of the high affinity tracer. It was expected that covalent and slow dissociating inhibitors will block binding of the tracer while rapidly dissociating non-covalent inhibitors will not. Binding of the tracer to BTK was detected using TR-FRET between the Europium moiety of the Anti-histidine antibody and the AlexaFluor 647 group of Tracer 178. Binding was evaluated using a Perkin Elmer Envision instrument (Model 2101) equipped with filters and mirrors compatible with LANCE-type TR-FRET experiments. Data were plotted at percentage of signal obtained in the absence of competitor compound. The background signal was obtained by omission of BTK from the reaction. Reversibility of Binding [1062] The following approach was developed to differentiate compounds that form irreversible bonds with their targets, such as acrylamide compounds, from compound that bind reversibly. Reactions were prepared with the protein target at a higher concentration than the compounds of interest. Both irreversible and reversible compounds bound the target and became depleted from solution. The reactions were then treated with perturbations including both denaturation with 5 M guanidine hydrochloride and digestion with trypsin, disrupting proper folding of the target. It was found that the perturbation returned reversible compounds to solution due to dissociation from the target while irreversible compounds remained bound to the target. The concentration of compound in solution was assessed both preceding and following perturbation using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Using this technique, it was demonstrated that an acrylamide-containing compound 1 (shown in table below) was depleted from solution in both the native and perturbed state, while reversible compounds 1 and 27 were depleted in the folded state but returned to solution following perturbation of the target (See table below). [0000] Compound in Compound in solution in solution in the the denatured or digested Cpd native state? state?   Irreversible inhibitor no no  1 no yes 27 no yes Formulation Examples [1063] The following are representative pharmaceutical formulations containing a compound of Formula (IA). Tablet Formulation [1064] The following ingredients are mixed intimately and pressed into single scored tablets. [0000] Quantity per Ingredient tablet mg compound of this disclosure 400 cornstarch 50 croscarmellose sodium 25 lactose 120 magnesium stearate 5 Capsule Formulation [1065] The following ingredients are mixed intimately and loaded into a hard-shell gelatin capsule. [0000] Quantity per Ingredient capsule mg compound of this disclosure 200 lactose spray dried 148 magnesium stearate 2 Injectable Formulation [1066] Compound of the disclosure (e.g., compound 1) in 2% HPMC, 1% Tween 80 in DI water, pH 2.2 with MSA, q.s. to at least 20 mg/mL [0000] The foregoing disclosure has been described in some detail by way of illustration and example, for purposes of clarity and understanding. It will be obvious to one of skill in the art that changes and modifications may be practiced within the scope of the appended claims. Therefore, it is to be understood that the above description is intended to be illustrative and not restrictive. The scope of the disclosure should, therefore, be determined not with reference to the above description, but should instead be determined with reference to the following appended claims, along with the full scope of equivalents to which such claims are entitled. [1067] All patents, patent applications and publications cited in this application are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety for all purposes to the same extent as if each individual patent, patent application or publication were so individually denoted.

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